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What is hemochromatosis?
Iron overload: too much iron absorption in the gut which leads to accumulation of iron in the other organs mainly the liver, heart, and pancreas
What is a genotype?
A particular genetic constitution
What is a phenotype?
The observable characteristics of your genotype
What is Mendel's First Law?
Equal Segregation - Traits are inherited via factors (genes) that are divided equally among the gametes and are brought together during fertilization in the next generation (factors come in different varieties = alleles)
What is Mendel's Second Law?
Independent Assortment - The factors (genes) are segregated independently of each other (by chance) to the gametes
What is haploinsufficiency?
Half is not enough. Loss of one allele maybe due to a mutation
What is a hemizygous?
Having only a single copy of a gene from one or the other parent