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A key determinant of distinction for the genus Homo is
a large brain relative to our body size
When did Early Homo first begin to appear in the fossil record?
Between 2.5 and 1.5 mya
When comparing traits of Early Homo to Australopithecines, what differences are seen?
- Brain size
- Less post orbital constriction
- More rounded skulls
- Less prognatism
- More gracile mandible
- Smaller premolars/molars
What is the name of "simple stone tools" that were found in the oldest site around 2.5 mya
What species (3) were possible Oduwan tool makers?
- A. garhi
- P. robustus
- Early homo species
Evidence of complex foraging (3) include:
- collected foods
- extracted foods
- hunted foods
Give 2 examples of archaeological evidence of complex foraging in early hominins
- fossilized animal bones
- stone artifacts
Where were Olduwan tools first discovered?
The debate of how many species of Homo reflect two main perspectives of the pattern of evolution. What are the two orientations called and what do each of them mean?
Lumpers - see one or few species in the Homo fossil record
Splitters -- see many species
Around what year did Homo erectus start spreading around the Old world?
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