-Found in the Zagros Mountains in Iraq
-Elderly Neanderthal male known as ‘Nandy’ to its excavators
-Aged between 40 and 50 years
-Displayed severe signs of deformity; At some point in his life he had suffered a violent blow to the left side of his face, creating a crushing fracture to his left orbit which would have left him blind in one eye.He also suffered from a withered right arm which had been fractured in several places and healed, but which caused the loss of his lower arm and hand. This is thought to be either congenital, a result of childhood disease and trauma or due to an amputation later in his life. The arm had healed but the injury may have caused some paralysis down his right side, leading to deformities in his lower legs and foot and would have resulted in him walking with a pronounced, painful limp.
-All these injuries were acquired long before death, showing extensive healing and this has been used to infer that Neanderthals looked after their sick and aged, denoting implicit group concern.