PHM 123 Final

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Cruzin4Life
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229541
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PHM 123 Final
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2013-08-08 18:18:06
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PHM 123 Final
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PHM 123 Final
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  1. What is the most important factor in the preparation of ophthalmics?
    Sterility
  2. What are the 3 ophthalmic auxiliary labels?
    • For the eye
    • Shake well
    • Keep refrigerated
  3. What 2 fluids are used for irrigations?
    Sodium Chloride and Sterile Water
  4. What are the auxiliary labels for irrigations?
    For Irrigation Use Only
  5. What drugs are used to irrigate the bladder?
    Amphotericin B and Vancomycin
  6. What could happen if someone was given an irrigation through their IV?
    It could block or irritate a blood vessel and my not be compatible with blood or internal body fluids
  7. What is hypotonic and could cause cells to expand causing tissue damage?
    SWFI
  8. What technique procedures are used to prevent contamination?
    Aseptic
  9. What does HEPA stand for?
    High Efficiency Particulate Air
  10. What are the 2 parts of a needle?
    Hub and Shaft
  11. What is known as the size of the needles’ lumen?
    Needle Gauge
  12. What % capacity should syringes be used to?
    75%
  13. What type of syringes are preferred for delivery?
    Luer-lock
  14. Why are standardized abbreviations used?
    To eliminate the possibility of misinterpreting orders
  15. What are the 2 main types of ophthalmic preparations?
    Solutions and suspensions
  16. What was used to dilate women’s pupils for cosmetic reasons?
    Belladonna
  17. When did the concept of sterility become a standard for the preparation of eye solutions?
    After WWII
  18. What are known as bony pockets in the skull?
    Orbits
  19. What washes away foreign debris in the eye?
    Tears
  20. What is known as the “White” of the eye?
    Sclera
  21. What is the inner most layer of the eye?
    Retina
  22. What is responsible for the sensitivity to color?
    Cones
  23. What perceives light in the eye?
    Rods
  24. What is responsible for focusing the incoming light onto the retina?
    Lens
  25. What is responsible for eye color?
    Iris
  26. What is the central opening of the iris that allows light to pass through?
    Pupil
  27. What disorder of the eye can be cause by a bacteria called “pink eye”
    Conjunctivitis
  28. What is a gonococcal infection of the eyes of newborns resulting from passage through the birth canal?
    Ophthalmia neonatorum
  29. What is the cause of increased intra-ocular pressure?
    Glaucoma
  30. What can Glaucoma lead to?
    Blindness
  31. Where should all ophthalmic solutions be prepared?
    Laminar Air Flow Hood
  32. What is the preferred container for ophthalmic solutions?
    Squeeze bottle
  33. What is the main disadvantage of eye solutions?
    Only in contact with the surface for a short period of time
  34. _____ must be free from all foreign matter and does not mean the solution must be colorless?
    Clarity
  35. What should the pH level of an ophthalmic solution be?
    7.4
  36. What is referred to as the osmotic pressure that is exerted by salts in aqueous solution.
    Tonicity
  37. What range can the eye tolerate with solutions?
    0.5% - 1.8%
  38. What increases the contact time between the eye and the medication?
    Viscosity
  39. Solutions that are to be used should be _____ and properly preserved to be suitable for use in the eye?
    Isotonic
  40. Boric acid solution has a pH of ___?
    5
  41. What is the preferred method of sterilization?
    Filtration
  42. What gas is used when doing gas sterilization?
    Ethylene oxide
  43. Why is gas sterilization used?
    For those medications that are not heat resistant
  44. What is the most frequently found bacteria?
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  45. What is a pathogenic fungus?
    Aspergillus fumigatus
  46. What contamination is the most difficult to control?
    Virus
  47. What should be done once a syringe has been prepared?
    Needle should be removed and a sterile syringe cap will be attached

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