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Affectional bond is...
An enduring tie to a partner, viewed as unique.
A type of affectional bond in which the presence of the partner adds a special sense of security, a "safe base," for the individual.
Attachment behaviors are...
The collection of (probably) instinctive behaviors of one person toward another that bring about or maintain proximity and caregiving, such as the smile of the young infant; behaviors that reflect an attachment.
Internal working model is...
As applied to social relationships, a cognitive construction of the workings of relationships, such as expectations of support or affection, trustworthiness, and so on. The earliest relationships may from the template for such a cognitive construction.
Paternal control is...
A pattern in which fathers interrupt and redirect infants behavior in line with cultural expectations for the child's age and gender, hinders infants' social development.
Goal corrected partnership is...
Term used by Bowlby to describe the form of the child parent attachment in the preschool years, in which the two partners, through improved communication, negotiate the form and frequency of contact between them.
The process of psychological, social, and physical separation from parents that begins in adolescence.
Strange situation is...
A series of episodes used by Mary Ainsworth and others in studies of attachment. The child is observed with the mother, with a stranger, alone, when reunited with the stranger, and when reunited with the mother.
Secure attachment is...
An internal working model of relationships in which the child uses the parent as a safe base and is readily consoled after separation, when fearful, or when otherwise stressed.
Insecure attachment is...
An internal working model of relationships in which the child does not as readily use the parent as a safe base and is not readily consoled by the parent if upset. Includes three subtypes of attachment: avoidant, ambivalent, and disorganized/ disoriented.
Goodness of fit is...
The degree to which an infant's environment and his or her temperament work together.
Parallel play is...
Form of play seen in toddlers, in which children play next to, but not with, one another.
Reciprocal friendship is...
A friendship in which each partner identifies the other as a friend; also, a quality of friendship in school aged children, when friendship is for the first time perceived as being based on reciprocal trust.
Social status is...
A term used by psychologist to refer to how well an individual child is liked by his or her peers.
Popular children are...
Children who are described as well liked by a majority of peers.
Neglected children are...
Children who are seldom described by peers as either liked or disliked.
Rejected children are...
Unpopular children who are explicitly avoided and not chosen as playmates or friends.
A group of 4 to 6 friends with strong affectional bonds and high levels of group solidarity and loyalty; the term is used by researchers to describe a self chosen group of friends.
A larger and looser group of friends than a clique, normally made up of several cliques that have joined together; a reputation based group, common in adolescent subsculture, with widely agreed upon characteristics.
Prosocial behavior is...
Voluntary behavior intended to benefit another, such as giving away or sharing possessions, money, or time, with no obvious self gain; altruism.
Behavior that is aimed at harming or injuring another person or object.
Instrumental aggression is...
Aggressive behavior intended to achieve a goal; such as obtaining a toy from another child.
Hostile aggression is...
Aggressive verbal behavior intended to hurt another's feelings.
Relational aggression is...
Aggression aimed at damaging another person's self esteem or peer relationships, such as by using ostracism or threats of ostracism, cruel gossiping, or facial expressions of disdain.
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