child psych

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Author:
jadki1582
ID:
229605
Filename:
child psych
Updated:
2013-08-09 18:30:55
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chapter12
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vocabulary
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  1. Social cognition is...
    Thinking about and understanding the emotions of and interactions and relationships among people.
  2. Empathy is...
    As defined by Hoffman, "a vicarious affective response that does not necessarily match another's affective state but is more appropriate to the other's situation than to one's own"
  3. Effort control is...
    The temperamental capacity to regulate emotion in order to accomplish goals.
  4. Conventional rules are...
    As defined by Turiel, arbitrary, socially defined rules specific to a particular culture, subculture, group, or setting, such as "Don't run in the halls" or "Smoking allowed only in designated areas."
  5. Moral rules are...
    As defined by Turiel, universal and obligatory rules reflecting basic principles that guarantee the rights of others.
  6. Moral development is...
    The process of learning to distinguish between right and wrong in accordance with cultural values.
  7. Conscience is...
    The list of "don'ts" in the superego; violation of any of these leads to feelings of guilt.
  8. Ego ideal is..
    The list of "dos" in the superego; violation of any of these leads to feelings of shame.
  9. Moral realism stage is...
    The first of Piaget's stages of moral development, in which children believe that rules are inflexible.
  10. Moral relativism stage is...
    The second of Piaget's stages of moral development, in which children understand that many rules can be changed through social agreement.
  11. Preconventional morality is...
    The first level of moral development proposed by Kohlberg, in which moral judgments are dominated by consideration of what will be punished and what feels good.
  12. Conventional morality is...
    The second level of moral development proposed by Kohlberg, in which a person's judgments are dominated by considerations of group values and laws.
  13. Principled (postconventional) morality is...
    The third level of moral development proposed by Kohlberg, in which considerations of justice, individual rights, and social contracts dominate moral judgment.
  14. Role taking is...
    The ability to look at a situation from another person's perspective.
  15. Hedonistic reasoning is...
    A form of prosocial moral reasoning described by Eisenberg in which the child is concerned with consequences to self rather than moral considerations, roughly equivalent to Kohlberg's stage 2.
  16. Needs oriented reasoning is...
    A form of prosocial moral reasoning proposed by Eisenberg in which the child expresses concern directly for the other person's need, even if the other's need conflicts with the child's own wishes or desires.

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