world history chapter 10

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Sbjohnson
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world history chapter 10
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2013-08-10 01:48:53
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world history chapter 10 key terms
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  1. Ancillae
    female chattel slaves whose lifelong legal servitude passed to their descendants
  2. female chattel slaves whose lifelong legal servitude passed to their descendants
    Ancillae
  3. Villeins
    English serfs, inhabitants of small villages
  4. English serfs, inhabitants of small villages
    Villeins
  5. Manumission
    • The method through which many energetic and hard-working serfs acquired their freedom in the High Middle Ages.
    • Serfs could save money and through a third-person intermediary, buy their freedom.
  6. The method through which many energetic and hard-working serfs acquired their freedom in the High Middle Ages.
    Serfs could save money and through a third-person intermediary, buy their freedom.
    Manumissions
  7. Manors
    • Most european peasants, free and unfree, lived on estates called manors.
    • The word manor derives from a Latin term meaning "dwelling", "residence", or "homestead".
  8. Most european peasants, free and unfree, lived on estates called manors.
    The word manor derives from a Latin term meaning "dwelling", "residence", or "homestead".
    Manors
  9. Allodial Land
    • Free independent farmers held allodial land - land that they owned out right, free of rents and services.
    • These farms tended to be small and surrounded by large estates that gradually swallowed them up.
  10. Free independent farmers held allodial land - land that they owned out right, free of rents and services.
    These farms tended to be small and surrounded by large estates that gradually swallowed them up.
    Allodial Land
  11. Saints
    • Women and men could pray to the local saints.
    • The saints had once lived on Earth and thus could well understand human problems.
  12. Women and men could pray to the local saints.
    The saints had once lived on Earth and thus could well understand human problems.
    Saints
  13. Relics
    • The stone in the church alter contained relics of the saints - bones, articles of clothing, the saints tears, saliva, even the dust from the saints tomb.
    • These relics often belonged to a local saint to whom the church itself had been dedicated.
  14. The stone in the church alter contained relics of the saints - bones, articles of clothing, the saints tears, saliva, even the dust from the saints tomb.
    These relics often belonged to a local saint to whom the church itself had been dedicated.
    Relics
  15. Popolani
    Saints who were non-nobles or non-aristocrats.
  16. Saints who were non-nobles or non-aristocrats.
    Popolani
  17. Sacrament
    An outward and visible sign instituted by Christ to give grace.
  18. An outward and visible sign instituted by Christ to give grace.
    Sacrament
  19. Eucharist
    The name given to the central ceremony of the Christian worship as well as to the bread and wine consecrated by the priest and consumed by believers.
  20. The name given to the central ceremony of the Christian worship as well as to the bread and wine consecrated by the priest and consumed by believers.
    Eucharist
  21. Nobility
    A small fraction of the population strongly influenced all aspects of medieval culture.
  22. A small fraction of the population strongly influenced all aspects of medieval culture.
    Nobility
  23. Ministerials
    unfree knights
  24. unfree knights
    Ministerials
  25. rustics
    • Peasants
    • European nobility had complex, conflicting, and sometimes contradictary attitudes toward the peasants.
  26. Peasants
    European nobility had complex, conflicting, and sometimes contradictary attitudes toward the peasants.
    rustics
  27. Oblates
    • The word oblate derives from the Latin oblatio, meaning "offering".
    • Boys and girls were given to monasteries or convents as permanent gifts.
    • Saint Benedict takes oblation as a normal method for entrance into the maonastic life.
    • "Parents of any social status could donate a child of either sex, at least up to the age of ten".
  28. The word oblate derives from the Latin oblatio, meaning "offering".
    Boys and girls were given to monasteries or convents as permanent gifts.
    Saint Benedict takes oblation as a normal method for entrance into the maonastic life.
    "Parents of any social status could donate a child of either sex, at least up to the age of ten".
    oblates
  29. tournament
    a number of men competed from horseback.
  30. a number of men competed from horseback.
    tournament
  31. Joust
    Two men competed from horseback.
  32. Two men competed from horseback.
    Joust
  33. Abbess/Prioress
    The house's superior office went to a nun of considerable social standing.
  34. The house's superior office went to a nun of considerable social standing.
    Abbess/Prioress
  35. Lay Brothers
    Vowed religious drawn from the servile classes, with simpler religious and intellectual obligations than those of the choir monks.
  36. Vowed religious drawn from the servile classes, with simpler religious and intellectual obligations than those of the choir monks.
    Lay Brothers

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