Vitamins HUCM 17

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Author:
oardila
ID:
229648
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Vitamins HUCM 17
Updated:
2013-08-10 18:01:06
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vitamins coenzymes functions
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Description:
Vitamins, coenzymes functions
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  1. B1
    • Vitamin: B1 (Thiamine)
    • Coenzyme: Thiamine Pyrophosphate
    • Reaction type: Transfer of aldehydes
    • Defficiency causes: BeriBeri
  2. B2
    • Vitamin B2 (Rivoflavin)
    • Coenzyme: FAD - Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide
    • Reaction: Redox
    • Defficiency causes: Dermatitis, Cheliosis and angular stomatitis.
  3. B6
    • Vitamine B6 (Pyridoxyne)
    • Coenzyme: Pyridoxal Phosphate
    • Reaction: Transfer groups to/from amino acids
    • Deficiency: Depression, confusion, convulsions
  4. B12
    • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
    • Coenzyme: Cobalamin
    • Reaction: Transfer methyl groups and mediate intramolecular rearrangements
    • Defficiency causes: Anemia, Pernicious anemia, methylmalonic acidosis
  5. Nicotinic Acid
    • Vitamin: Nicotinic Acid (Niacin)
    • Coenzyme: NAD+ -Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
    • Reaction: Redox
    • Defficiency causes: Pellagra (dermatitis, hypertension, diarrhea)
  6. Pantothenic Acid
    • Vitamin: Panthothenic Acid
    • Coenzyme: Coenzyme A
    • Reaction: Transfer Acyl groups
    • Defficiency causes: Hypertension
  7. Biotin
    • Vitamin: Biotin
    • Coenzyme: Biotin-lysine
    • Reaction: ATP-dependent carboxylation
    • Defficiency: muscle pain, rash in eyebrows
  8. Folic Acid
    • Vitamin: Folic Acid
    • Coenzyme: Tetrahydrofolate
    • Reaction: Thyamine synthesis, and transfer one-carbon components
    • Defficiency causes: Anemia, developmental neural tube defects.
  9. Vitamin A
    • Function: Roles in vision, growth, reproduction
    • Defficiency: Night blindness, cornea damage, damage to resp and GI tract.
  10. Vitamin C
    • Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid
    • Function: Antioxidant
    • Defficiency causes: Scurvy (swollen & bleeding gums), subdermal hemorrages
  11. Vitamin D
    • function: Regulation of calcium and phosphate metabolism
    • Defficiency causes: Rickets(children), Osteomalacia(adults), deforminites, impaired growth, soft or bending bones.
  12. Vitamin E
    • Function: Antioxidant
    • Deficiency causes: inhibition of sperm production. Lesions in muscles and nerves (rare cases)
  13. Vitamin K
    • Function: Blood coagulation
    • Defficiency: Subdermal hemorrages.

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