Card Set Information
Causative agent of gas gangrene.
Causative agent of peptic ulcers.
Causative agent of antibiotic related enterocolitis.
Causative agent of the severe food poisoning from ingesting contaminated high protein low-acid canned goods.
Causative agent of the bacterial disease travelers diarrhea.
Round worm that can be acquired from fleas.
Round worm that can be acquired from encysted forms in undercooked wild pig & bear meat.
Cause of Tinea capitis.
Infective state of Entamoeba hystolytica.
Causes thrush and skin diseases.
How does the tetanus toxin cause damage?
blocks the relaxation of muscles
Most common cause of UTI
Herpes simplex I is contained (not cured) by antiviral agents such as ________.
Primary mode of transmission of polio virus.
Contaminated food & water
What is Cryptococcus neoformans associated with?
Target cells of HS2 virus.
Most common STD in the US.
Causes bubonic plague.
Sometimes called rabbit fever.
Causative agent of tuleremia.
Causative agent of Rocky Mt Spotted fever.
Route of transmission for N. meningitidis.
What causes African sleeping sickness?
Can cause stiff neck, headaches, shock and even death.
Causes dehydration, disrupts electrolyte balance and acts on small intestine.
Arthrospores of this organism are found in bird & bat droppings.
Arthrospores of this organism are often inhaled in dust storms.
How was KURU acquired?
How is anthrax transmitted?
contact, inhalation, & ingestion
A disease that can cause a rapidly fatal toxemia & septicemia in humans.
Forms a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat.
Major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diptheriae.
What are the stages of TB?
primary, progressive, secondary
Symptoms are low-grade fever, coughing, fatigue, weight loss & night sweats.
Live bacilli can remain dormant in lungs and reactivate later in life.
What vaccine is used in other countries for TB?
What disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from hot tubs, ac, misters, etc?
Cryptococcus neoformans is a _____ with a ______.
Where is the highest incidence of Blastomycosis in the US?
East & Midwest
Causes high fever, pneumonia, & respiratory distress & is caused by the respiratory virus.
What is the bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever from?
Most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS pts.
What is the most likely cause of a sudden drop in BP in pts with Staph & sometimes Strep surgical wound infections?
toxic shock syndrome toxin
What causes the bright red skin and sloughing off in certain Staph infections (SSSS)?
Erysipelas, inpetigo, septicemia, & necrotizing fasciitis are caused by?
Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS beta-hemolytic)
What causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
What virus causes smallpox?
What virus causes chickenpox?
Three diseases that strep causes.
3 diseases that staph causes.
Causative agent of Necrotizing Fasciitis.
3 genera of fungi that cause skin infections.
Mortality rate of acanthameba infection.
How do you treat gas gangrene?
debridement of dead tissue;
Can grow in high protein low oxygen & causes FBI.
Gram (-) rod that affects the LARGE intestine and causes bloody diarrhea.
Gram (-) rod that affects the SALL intestine and produces H2S.
Are salmonella and shigella treated with antibiotics?
What is the virulence factor in Vibrio cholera?
How is Vibrio cholera treated?
IV fluids & antibiotics such as tetracycline
How is Vibrio cholera prevented?
Proper hygiene and proper cooking
Caus. agent of classic measles.
Caus. agent of RED measles.