SAT Vocab Cards Day 11

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SAT Vocab Cards Day 11
2013-10-06 21:09:32
Day eleven

Day eleven
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  1. disenfranchise (v)
    • DEFINITION: To lose the right to vote. 
    • SENTENCE: The Jim Crow laws disenfranchised African-American voters by requiring racially segregating polling areas, among others.
    • SYNONYMS: n/a
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  2. coerce (v)
    • DEFINITION: To force to act or think in a certain way by use of pressure, threats, or torture; to compel
    • SENTENCE: Stalin used terror to coerce the Russian people to unquestioningly follow his leadership.
    • SYNONYMS: force, urge, intimidate
    • ANTONYMS: leave alone, follow 
  3. egalitarian (n, adj)
    • DEFINITION: Favoring social equality; belief in a society in which all people have equal political, economic, and civil rights
    • SENTENCE: American utopian leaders dreamed of creating egalitarian communities, in which everyone had the same rights.
    • SYNONYMS: equitable, democratic, impartial
    • ANTONYMS: unequal, varying 
  4. belligerent (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Hostile and aggressive; warlike
    • SENTENCE: When North Korea defied world opinion by conducting an underground test of a nuclear bomb, world leaders denounced the action as belligerent.
    • SYNONYMS: aggressive, cantankerous, antagonistic
    • ANTONYMS: cooperative, kind, helping
  5. inquisition (n)
    • DEFINITION: A severe interrogation; a systematic questioning
    • SENTENCE: Senator McCarthy conducted an inquisition in the 1950s to supposedly weed out Communists with harsh questions.
    • SYNONYMS: interrogation, questioning, inquiry
    • ANTONYMS: n/a 
  6. ameliorate (v)
    • DEFINITION: To make a situation better
    • SENTENCE: Amelia was able to ameliorate the tense situation by speaking calmly.
    • SYNONYMS: assuage, mollify, mitigate
    • ANTONYMS: worsen, hurt, aggravate
  7. exacerbate (v)
    • DEFINITION: To make a situation worse
    • SENTENCE: Batman learned that his efforts exacerbated Gotham's crime problem by leading to an escalation of violence to challenge him.
    • SYNONYMS: aggravate, exasperate, worsen
    • ANTONYMS: ameliorate, assuage, mollify, mitigate 
  8. contiguous (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Sharing an edge or boundary; touching
    • SENTENCE: Hawaii and Alaska are the only two states in the USA that are not contiguous with another state.
    • SYNONYMS: adjacent, bordering
    • ANTONYMS: divided, separated 
  9. desiccate (v)
    • DEFINITION: To thoroughly dry out; to make lifeless, totally arid
    • SENTENCE: The Dry Valleys exist because 100 mph downwinds desiccate all moisture.
    • SYNONYMS: dry, dehydrate
    • ANTONYMS: moisten, wet, moisturize 
  10. pertinent (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Relevant; to the point
    • SENTENCE: When you’re in a college interview, make sure to ask pertinent questions about the specific college.
    • SYNONYMS: relevant, applicable, pertaining
    • ANTONYMS: irrelevant, pointless, trivial, unrelated 
  11. complicity (n)
    • DEFINITION: Association or participation in a wrongful act
    • SENTENCE: The criminal’s mother was charged with complicity after she helped her son escape from the police.
    • SYNONYMS: collaboration, collusion, involvement
    • ANTONYMS: innocence, ignorance, noninvolvement. 
  12. exonerate, exculpate (v)
    • DEFINITION: To free from guilt or blame
    • SENTENCE: Dumbledore was not able to exonerate Sirius Black of the murder of Peter Pettigrew and 12 Muggles for many years.
    • SYNONYMS: absolve, acquit, vindicate
    • ANTONYMS: condemn, charge, blame 
  13. indisputable (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Not open to question; undeniable; irrefutable
    • SENTENCE: It’s an indisputable fact that Ted will eventually meet the mother of his children, because he has been telling the story for seven years and has all the proof.
    • SYNONYMS: absolute, actual, incontrovertible
    • ANTONYMS: dubious, questionable, doubtful
  14. precedent (n)
    • DEFINITION: An act or instance that is used as an example in dealing with later similar instances
    • SENTENCE: Jefferson set the precedent of shaking the President's hand rather than bowing; now everyone follows his example.
    • SYNONYMS: antecedent, model, example
    • ANTONYMS: subsequent, following
  15. unprecedented (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Without previous example; describing something that has never happened before
    • SENTENCE: Will Smith has achieved unprecedented success in the film industry as an African American action star.
    • SYNONYMS: unparalleled, unique, remarkable
    • ANTONYMS: mundane, usual, unexceptional 
  16. malfeasance (n)
    • DEFINITION: Misconduct or wrongdoing especially by a public official
    • SENTENCE: President Nixon was charged with several charges of malfeasance when he installed recording devices at the Watergate democratic headquarters.
    • SYNONYMS: misconduct, impropriety, misbehavior
    • ANTONYMS: honor, virtue
  17. arrest (v)
    • DEFINITION: To bring to a stop; halt
    • SENTENCE: Environmentalists hope to arrest the reduction of the ozone layer.
    • SYNONYMS: constrain, stop, limit
    • ANTONYMS: encourage, continue, incite
  18. gravity (n)
    • DEFINITION: A serious situation or problem
    • SENTENCE: When her daughter was diagnosed with leukemia, Isobel recognized the gravity of the situation and agreed to donate bone marrow to save her daughter.
    • SYNONYMS: weighty, grievous, important
    • ANTONYMS: light, insubstantial, unimportant
  19. precipitate (v)
    • DEFINITION: To cause an event to happen
    • SENTENCE: The discovery of Soviet missiles in Cuba precipitated the Cuban Missile Crisis, during which a nuclear war could have happened.
    • SYNONYMS: trigger, cause, advance
    • ANTONYMS: check, slow, wait
  20. relief (n)
    • DEFINITION: Elevation of a land surface
    • SENTENCE: Relief maps of the USA show rises in the mountains in the east and west.
    • SYNONYMS: n/a
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  21. check (v)
    • DEFINITION: To restrain; halt; hold back; contain
    • SENTENCE: During the Cold War, the US policy of containment was designed to check the expansion of Soviet power and influence.
    • SYNONYMS: arrest, stop, limit
    • ANTONYMS: continue, hasten, expedite 
  22. flag (v)
    • DEFINITION: To become weak, feeble, or spiritless
    • SENTENCE: Whenever Beyonce wins an award, she thanks her parents for never letting her enthusiasm for music flag.
    • SYNONYMS: decline, recede, weaken
    • ANTONYMS: increase, spirited, excite 
  23. discriminating (adj)
    • DEFINITION: Characterized by the ability to make fine distinctions; refined taste
    • SENTENCE: Some people are known for their discriminating tastes in rare wine, fine clothes, and valuable art.
    • SYNONYMS: astute, discerning, keen
    • ANTONYMS: inclusive, uncritical, unperceptive 
  24. eclipse (v)
    • DEFINITION: To overshadow; outshine; surpass
    • SENTENCE: Sometimes Amy feels that her own achievements will be eclipsed by those of her older sister, who is much more accomplished than Amy herself.
    • SYNONYMS: outdo, outshine, exceed
    • ANTONYMS: fall behind, fail 
  25. coin (v)
    • DEFINITION: To devise a new word or phrase
    • SENTENCE: Shakespeare is credited with coining many new words for the English language; no one before him had ever used words such as “assassin” before.
    • SYNONYMS: create, compose, establish
    • ANTONYMS: destroy, erase, undo