The Language of Composition - Chapter 1 terms

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tjudy
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229825
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The Language of Composition - Chapter 1 terms
Updated:
2013-08-12 21:22:52
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AP rhetoric language composition
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Terms from chapter 1 of THE LANGUAGE OF COMPOSITION, 1st edition
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  1. Rhetoric
    The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of "the “available means of persuasion.”"
  2. Audience
    One’s listener or readership; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed.
  3. Context
    Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
  4. Purpose
    One’s intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing
  5. Thesis
    The central idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer
  6. Claim
    An assertion, usually supported by evidence.
  7. Assertion
    An emphatic statement; declaration. An assertion supported by evidence becomes an argument.
  8. Subject
    In rhetoric, the topic addressed in a piece of writing.
  9. Speaker
    A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing
  10. Rhetorical triangle
    A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience.
  11. Aristotelian triangle
    A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience
  12. Persona
    The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing.
  13. Ethos
    A Greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle’s three rhetorical appeals.
  14. Logos
    A Greek term that means “word”; an appeal to logic; one of Aristotle’s three rhetorical appeals.
  15. Pathos
    A Greek term that refers to suffering but has come to be associated with broader appeals to emotion; one of Aristotle’s three rhetorical appeals.
  16. Tone
    The speaker’s attitude toward the subject or audience.
  17. Assumption
    A belief or statement taken for granted without proof.
  18. Counterargument
    A challenge to a position; an opposing argument.
  19. Concede
    Reluctantly acknowledging or yielding
  20. Concession
    A reluctant acknowledgment or yielding.
  21. Refute
    To discredit an argument, particularly a counterargument.
  22. Connotations
    That which is implied by a word, as opposed to the word’s literal meaning
  23. Denotation
    The literal meaning of a word; its dictionary definition.
  24. Propaganda
    A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information.
  25. Polemical
    An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion.
  26. Classical model
    A five-part structure for an oratory or speech
  27. Introduction (exordium)
    The part of a text that introduces the reader to the subject and somehow gets their attention
  28. Narration (narratio)
    The part of a text that introduces background information on a subject
  29. Confirmation (confirmatio)
    Usually the major part of the text that includes the development and the proof need to make the writer's case
  30. Refutation (refutatio)
    The part of a text that addresses the counterargument
  31. Conclusion (peroratio)
    The part of a text that brings all the writer's ideas together and answers the question, so what?
  32. Patterns of development/modes of discourse/rhetorical modes
    Patterns of organization developed to achieve a specific purpose; modes include but are not limited to narration, description, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, definition, exemplification, classification and division, process analysis, and argumentation.
  33. Narration
    Retelling an event or series of events.
  34. Description
    Providing many specific details, emphasizing the senses by painting a picture.
  35. Process analysis
    Explaining how something works, how to do something, or how something was done.
  36. Exemplification
    Providing a series of examples.
  37. Comparison and contrast
    Juxtaposing two things to highlight their similarities and differences.
  38. Classification and Division
    Sorting material and ideas into major categories.
  39. Definition
    Exploring and clarifying the meaning of a term.
  40. Cause and Effect
    Analyzing the causes that lead to a certain effect or the effects that result from a certain cause.

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