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the _______ __________ are located on the superomedial aspects of the kidneys and diaphragmatic crura, where they are surrounded by considerable connective tissue
Where do the blood vessels to the suprarenal glands originate from the _________ aorta
•from the Abdominal Aorta
69.What is the difference between the renal sinus and the renal pelvis?
renal _________ contains the renal pelvis, calyces, vessels and fat
Renal _______ acts as funnel to collect urine and gives rise to the ureter
the renal fascia and fat surrounds the _______ to protect them.
The significance of the ___________ is that is has different epithelial lining then the rest of the urinary bladder, this is where urinary bladder
cancer can originate.
smooth triangular area on surface of bladder containing the openings of the ureters and an opening to the urethra
74.Be able to identify the structural differences between the male and female pelvic bone. (Video) (A&M pg 207 Table 3.1)
•Females have a larger Pubic Arch than males
75.What are the divisions of the pelvic bone? (A&M pg 204-206)
•Greater & Lesser Pelvis?
76.What is the landmark for the division of the true pelvis from the false pelvis?
________ ________ of the pelvic inlet
77.What are the bones that form the pelvic girdle? (A&M pg 204)
78.What is the importance of the sub pubic angle? (A&M pg 205, see question 74)
•can be measured with fingers in vagina during pelvic exam
Tell me what are the boundaries of the brim ( inlet of pelvis)
- Lateral--sacroiliac joint , ileopectineal line , upper borders of pubic bones
- Posterior---sacral promontory , and ala of sacrum.
- Anteriorly---Superior border of symphysis pubis.
79.Identify the three places where the ureter is constricted. (A&M pg 176)
•at junction of _____ and _______ pelvis
•where ureters cross the _______ of pelvic inlet
•during passage through wall of ________
- ureturs and renal
the Internal _______ arterior (anterior division) supplies the viscera and perineum with blood.
Internal _________ artery is another branch off of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It is the primary blood supply to the perineum, supplying the muscles and skin of the perineum and the erectile bodies.
Hemorrhoids—There are two different types of hemorrhoids. __________ hemorrhoids occur due to a prolapse of the rectal mucosa around the internal venous plexus. Because these occur superior to the pectinate line, there is less pain associated with them.
__________ hemorrhoids are blood clots of the external venus plexus that are covered by skin. Because this type occurs inferior to the pectinate line, they are more painful b/c of the somatic innervation here.
__________ are painful swollen veins in lower portion of anus.________
hemorrhoids occur just inside the anus, at the beginning of the rectum.
________ hemorrhoids occur at the anal opening and may hang outside the anus.
external and internal
The ________ (isoreactal) fosse is filled w/fat & subcutaneous tissue; allows for anal canal to expand during passing of feces
the ________ ________ or tendinous center of the perineum, is a median, fibromuscular node situated at the convergence of several muscles, including the levator ani and the exteal anal sphincter. may be injured during parturition.
celic trunk gives rise to - _______ artery, _________, ________,
_________ ________(near the stomach)
- splenic artery, common heptic,
- left gastri