Test 3 - Speedback 2 - questions1.txt

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Test 3 - Speedback 2 - questions1.txt
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Test 3 - Speedback 2 questions - set 1
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  1. 1. When surface tension is too great, the alveoli collapse. This is prevented by
    A. water
    B. mucus
    C. surfactant
    D. type 1 cells
    C
  2. 2. What cells are responsible for digesting foreign particles that enter the lungs?
    A. type 1 cells B. type 2 cells C. monocytes D. dust cells
    D
  3. 3. Gas exchange between the blood and lungs is
    A. pulmonary ventilation
    B. external respiration
    C. gas transport
    D. internal respiration
    B
  4. 4. The cough reflex originates at the
    A. primary bronchi B. tongue
    C. larynx
    D. carina
    D
  5. 5. What epithelial lining of the nasal cavity is
    A. simple cuboidal
    B. simple columnar
    C. stratified squamous
    D. pseudostratified columnar
    D
  6. 6. The alveoli are lined by______________cells.
    A. Simple squamous
    B. simple cuboidal
    C. simple columnar
    D. stratified squamous
    A
  7. 7. The volume of voice is controlled by
    A. the force of expired air
    B. the tension in the vocal folds C. the size of the larynx
    A
  8. 8. What are the smallest tubes of the bronchial tree?
    A. bronchioles
    B. terminal bronchioles C. segmental bronchi D. lobar bronchi
    B
  9. 9. What layer of the trachea contains the glands?
    A. mucosa
    B. submucosa C. adventitia
    B
  10. 10. Internal respiration occurs
    A. between the blood and lungs.
    B. only in the cariovasucalr system. C. between the blood and cells.
    D. in the lungs
    C
  11. 11. The respiratory membrane is
    A. a layer of simple squamous epithelium.
    B. primarily type 2 cells.
    C. the combination of alveolar and capillary walls. D. the same as the alveolar wall.
    C
  12. 12. The serosa surrounding the lungs is the
    A. the pleura
    B. the pleural cavity C. thoracic cavity
    D. serosal cavity
    A
  13. 13. The siaphragm is innercated by the _____________nerve(s).
    A. vagus
    B. phrenic
    C. pleural
    D. intercostal
    B
  14. 14. The respiratory system is fully matured
    A. in a fetus, at about 7 months B. at birth
    C. about two weeks after birth D. during young adulthood
    D
  15. 15. The____________attaches to the greater curvature of the stomach.
    A. mesentery proper B. lesser omemtum C. greater omentum D. dorsal mesentery
    C
  16. 16. Taste occurs through which papilla?
    A. filliform B. fungiform C. vallate
    D. b and c
    E. a,b, and c
    D
  17. 17. Which contributes to chemical digestion?
    A. teeth
    B. esophagus
    C. salivary glands D. muscularis
    C
  18. 18. The majority of the digestive tract is lined by
    A. simple squamous epithelium.
    B. simple cuboidal epithelium.
    C. pseudostratified columnar epithelium. D. simple columnar epithelium.
    D
  19. 19. The majority of meseteries are
    A. ventral B. dorsal
    B
  20. 20. Digestive organs that do not have mesenteries are
    A. retroperitoneal B. intraperitoneal C. peritoneal
    A
  21. 21. The portion of the tooth that provides sensation and nutrients is the
    A. gingiva B. pulp
    C. enamel D. dentin
    B
  22. 22. The contents of the gollbladder dump into the
    A. duodenum
    B. jejunum
    C. ileum
    D. transverse colon
    A
  23. 23. Which part of the gastrointestinal tract is responsible for absorption of water and electrolytes?
    A. liver
    B. stomach
    C. large intestine D. anal canal
    C
  24. 24. Adults normally have how many teeth?
    A. 20 B. 32 C. 36 D. 40
    B
  25. 25. Which is true regarding bile?
    A. It is synthesized by the gallbladder. B. It is stored in the liver.
    C. It assists in the digestion of proteins. D. It emulsifies fats
    D
  26. 26. Pancreatic islets
    A. make up the exocrine portion of the liver B. secrete insulin and glucagon.
    C. produce enzymes to aid in digestion.
    D. secrete hormones into the small intestine.
    B
  27. 27. What is an accessory organ to the gastrointestinal tract?
    A. pancreas
    B. stomach
    C. esophagus
    D. lesser omentum
    A
  28. 28. A peptic ulcer is
    A. herniations in the colon.
    B. inflammation of the alimentary canal.
    C. erosion of the mucosa in the stomach or duodenum. D. a solid crystal precipitate of cholesterol.
    C
  29. 29. Where does the most absorption occur in digestion?
    A. stomach
    B. colon
    C. esophagus
    D. small intestine
    D
  30. 30. The cilia lining the lower respiratory passageways beat_____________
    A. superiorly B. inferiorly C. anteriorly D. posteriorly
    A
  31. 31. What two ducts come together to form the common bile duct?
    A. gastric and hepatic
    B. common hepatic, gastric C. left hepatic, right hepatic D. common hepatic, cystic
    D
  32. 32. The lining of the mouth is made up of
    A. simple columnar epithelium.
    B. stratified squamous epithelium. C. stratified cuboidal epithelium. D. simple cuboidal epithelium.
    B
  33. 33. The disease is characterized by the permanent expansion of the alveoli and is often associated with smoking.
    A. bronchial asthma B. emphysema
    C. bronchitis
    D. pneumothorax
    B
  34. 34. How many muscular layers occur in the stomach?
    A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
    C
  35. 35. Pneumothorax is a collapsed lung as a result of air entering the pleural cavity.
    A. True B. False
    A
  36. 36. Which of the following digestive organs is directly involved in the chemical breakdown of food?
    A. mouth
    B. esphagus
    C. stomach
    D. small intestine E. a,c, and d
    E
  37. 37. Which of the following organs is intrapertioneal?
    A. stomach
    B. pancreas
    C. ascending colon D. duodenum
    A
  38. 38. The gallbladder makes bile.
    A. True B. False
    B
  39. 39. The protal vein branches to sinusolds to central vein to hepatic vein to inferior vena cava.
    A. True B. False
    A
  40. 40. The main pancreatic duct extends through the length of the pancreas and joins the bile duct to form the hepatopancreatic ampulla that empties into the duodenum.
    A. True B. False
    A
  41. 41. The insuling and glucagon-secreting cells are found in the
    A. pancreatic islets
    B. acinar cells
    C. hepatic lobules
    D. zymogen granules
    A
  42. 42. The large intestine is unique in that it contains
    A. intestinal crypts
    B. teniae coli
    C. haustra
    D. epiplotic appendages E. intestinal villi
    F. b,c and d
    F
  43. 43. What structure originates from the foregut?
    A. stomach
    B. jejunum
    C. transverse colon D. anal canal
    A
  44. 44. Which mesentery attaches the anterior part of the liver to the abdominal wall?
    A. omentum
    B. round ligament
    C. falciform ligament D. mesentery proper
    C
  45. 45. pulmonary ventilation
    A. gas exchange between blood and cells B. gas exchange between blood and lungs C. breathing
    C
  46. 46. external respiration
    A. gas exchange between blood and cells B. gas exchange between blood and lungs C. breathing
    B
  47. 47. internal respiration
    A. gas exchange between blood and cells B. gas exchange between blood and lungs C. breathing
    A
  48. 48. What is the name of the structure that connects the pharynx to the trachea?
    A. oropharynx
    B. nasopharynx
    C. laryngopharynx D. larynx
    D
  49. 49. The cilia of the respiratory tract
    A. increase absorption of nutrients from the air.
    B. move mucous out of the airways into the lungs.
    C. move mucous out of the airways toward to pharyx. D. help move air into and out of the respiratory tract
    C
  50. 50. What condition is characterized by excess chloride in epithelial cells causing the bodies antibiotics to become ineffective?
    A. lung cancer
    B. bronchitis
    C. emphysema D. cystic fibrosis
    D
  51. 51. The vagina is lined with_____________epithelium.
    A. simple squamous
    B. stratified squamous C. pseudostratified
    D. stratified columnar
    B
  52. 52. Mammary glans secrete milk from alveoli through the_______ducts.
    A. areolar
    B. milk line C. alveolar
    D. lactiferous
    D
  53. 53. What male structure is homologous to the clitoris?
    A. glans
    B. penis
    C. bulbourethral gland D. prepuce
    B
  54. 54. What is the mucosal layer of the uterus?
    A. perimetrium B. myometrium C. endometrium
    C
  55. 55. Every mouth, the uterine cycle begins with the ________phase.
    A. menstral
    B. secretory
    C. ovulatory
    D. proliferative
    A
  56. 56. What hormone(s) signal events in the secretory phase?
    A. estrogen
    B. LH
    C. FSH
    D. progesterone
    D
  57. 57. Approxiamtely how many days after ovulation will the blastocyst implant in the uterus?
    A. 3 B. 6 C. 9 D. 12
    B
  58. 58. In a female fetus, which structure will deteriorate?
    A. mesonephric duct
    B. Mullerian duct
    C. paramesonephric duct
    A
  59. 59. Which of the following is not a risk factor for breast cancer?
    A. late menopause
    B. early onset of puberty
    C. first live birth before 25
    D. family history of breast cancer
    C
  60. 60. Where does fertilization usually occur?
    A. uterus
    B. infundibulum of oviducts C. isthmus
    D. ampulla of uterine tube
    D
  61. 61. Viability of sperm is dependent on the action of two muscles in the scrotum, the
    A. dartos and cremaster
    B. tunica vaginalis and tuncia albuginea
    C. detrusor muscle and internal urethral sphincter D. detrusor muscle and external urethral sphincter
    A
  62. 62. Cells of the testis that produce testosterone are
    A. sertoli cells
    B. sustentacular cells C. intersitial cells
    D. spermatogenic cells E. spermatogonia
    C
  63. 63. Which of the following is a congenital condition in which the testes remain undescended?
    A. hydrocele
    B. cryptorchidism C. orchitis
    D. varicocele
    E. hypospadias
    B
  64. 64. A newborn infant has a hole on the undersurface of the penis through which urine exits. This is a congential condition called
    A. hypogenital fissure B. urethral groove
    C. labioscrotal opening D. hypospadias
    D
  65. 65. The ductus deferens is derived from
    A. embryonic edoderm
    B. embryonic ectoderm C. mesonephric duct
    D. paramesonephric duct
    C
  66. 66. What gland contributes a neutralizing mucus to semen?
    A. prostate
    B. bulburethral
    C. seminal vesicle D. epididymus
    B
  67. 67. Which is the most mature type of germ cell?
    A. spermatagonia
    B. spermatozoa
    C. permatids
    D. secondary spermatocytes
    B
  68. 68. The semial vesical contributes________________percent of the volume of semen.
    A. 33 B. 60 C. 70 D. 95
    B
  69. 69. The male primary sex organ(s) is(are) the
    A. penis
    B. scrotum C. prostate D. testes
    D
  70. 70. the major calyces dump the urine that they carry into the ________.
    A. ureter
    B. renal medulla C. renal pelvis
    D. renal pyramid
    C
  71. 71. During which of the following processes are most of the nutrients reclaimed from the filrate and returned to the blood of surrounding capillaries?
    A. filration
    B. reabsorption C. reclamation D. secretion
    B
  72. 72. The part(s) of the nephron that is (are) located in the kidney medulla is (are) the
    A. distal and proximal convoluted tubules
    B. ascending and descending limbs of the loop of Henle C. glomerulus
    D. glomerular capsule
    B
  73. 73. Blood flows through the kidney vessels is in the direction of interlobular arteryfrom, efferent arteriole, to glomerular capillaries, to afferent arteriole.
    A. True B. False
    B
  74. 74. The internal urethral sphincter
    A. is involuntary
    B. is voluntary
    C. is a smooth muscle
    D. prevents dribbling of urine between voidings E. All of the above except "b" are correct
    E
  75. 75. The muscle responsible for micturition is the
    A. detrusor
    B. internal urethral sphincter C. external urethra sphincter D. urachus
    A
  76. 76. What region of the nephron is most active is filtration and resorption?
    A. glomerulus
    B. proximal convoluted tubule C. loop of Henle
    D. distal convoluted tubule
    B
  77. 77. An infection of the urethra can spread superiorly to cause a bladder infection called
    A. urethritis
    B. cystitis
    C. incontinence D. micturition
    E. urinitis
    B
  78. 78. The major component of urine is
    A. urea
    B. uric acid C. creatinine D. water
    D
  79. 79. How much of the original filtrate from the glomerulus is reabsorbed back into the blood?
    A. 50 B. 75 C. 95 D. 99
    D
  80. 80. The capillaries in the glomerulus are covered by what type of cells?
    A. podocytes
    B. cuboidal epithelial C. a muscular layer D. fibroblasts
    A
  81. 81. What type of cappilaries is found in the glomerulus?
    A. continuous B. fenestrated C. sinusoidal
    B
  82. 82. Which of the following is permitted to pass through the filtration slits of the glomerulus?
    A. white blood cells B. red blood
    C. large proteins
    D. ions
    D
  83. 83. the urine flows from the _______to the ___________through the ureters.
    A. Baldder, external orifice B. Baldder, prostate
    C. Kidney, Baldder
    D. Kidney, nephron
    C
  84. 84. Which is the correct sequence within a uniferous tubule, starting from the glomerulus?
    A. distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule, glomerular capsule
    B. glomerular capsule, distal convuluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule
    C. glomerular capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule
    D. proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, glomerular capsule
    C
  85. 85. What percentage of urine is composed of ions?
    A. 1% B. 3% C. 5% D. 12%
    C
  86. 86. Which of the following is not a function of the kidney?
    A. regulation of blood volume
    B. dispose of excess waste and ions C. regulate water, salts, and acids D. regulate number of blood cells
    D
  87. 87. The smooth muscle that operates under autonomic nervous control to keep the uretha closed when urine is not being passed is the
    A. detrusor
    B. internal urethral sphincter (smooth) C. external uretha sphincter (skeletal) D. muscularis mucosa
    B
  88. 88. Condition where many urine filled sacs develop and destroy normal kidney tissue is
    A. polycystic kidney B. horseshoe kidney C. pyelitis
    D. Renal calculi
    A
  89. 89. The ureter develops from what embryonic structure?
    A. pronephric duct B. metanephros
    C. urogenital sinus D. uretic bud
    D
  90. 90. The corpus luteum secretes which hormone?
    A. LH
    B. progesterone C. FSH
    D. oxytocin
    B
  91. 91. What vessel allows infusion of blood into the penis to cause an erection?
    A. dorsal artery B. dorsal vein C. deep artery D. deep vein
    C
  92. 92. What structure is responsible for trasporting sperm from the testes internally to the body?
    A. epididymus
    B. urethra
    C. Vas deferens
    D. seminiferous tubule
    C
  93. 93. What is the epithelial lining of the vagina?
    A. simple columnar
    B. stratified cuboidal C. simple squamous D. stratified squamous
    D
  94. 94. At what stage is the follicle prepared to ovulate?
    A. primary follicle
    B. Graafian follicle
    C. secondary follicle D. primordial follicle
    B
  95. 95. An ectopic pregnancy is most common in the
    A. uterine tube B. uterus
    C. pelvis
    D. abdomen
    A
  96. 96. What embryonic structure gives rise to the ductus deferens?
    A. mesonephric duct B. paramesonephric C. mullerian duct
    D. urogenital ridge
    A
  97. 97. At what time do embryos differentiate sexually?
    A. 1 week
    B. 5-6 week
    C. 7-8 weeks
    D. 16-17 weeks
    C
  98. 98. The most common congenital abnormally of the male urethra is
    A. hyppspadias
    B. cryptorchidism C. hydrocele
    D. inguial hernia
    A
  99. 99. What is the correct order of sperm formation?
    A. primary spematocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatogonia, spermatids
    B. spermatids, primary spematocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatogonia,
    C. spermatogonia, spermatids, primary spematocyte, secondary spermatocyte
    D. speratogonia, primary spematocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatid
    D
  100. 100.
    What contributes the highest percentage of volume to semen?
    A. seminal vesicle B. prostate
    C. testes
    D. urethra
    C
  101. 101.
    What hormone is responsible for the growth of a follicle?
    A. LH
    B. Progesterone C. estrogen
    D. FSH
    D
  102. 102.
    Normally fertillization occurs
    A. anywhere in the uterine tubes
    B. in the uterus
    C. in the ampulla of the uterine tubes D. on the ovary
    C
  103. 103.
    What condition is characterized by infection of the vagina, uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries?
    A. pelvicitis
    B. pelvic inflammatory disease C. HPV
    D. yeast infection
    B
  104. 104.
    The pathway that sperm follows is
    A. epididymus, rete teste, seminiferous tubules and permatic card.
    B. seminiferous tubules, efferent ductules, rete testes and epididymus C. seminiferous tubules, epididymus, rete testes, efferent ductules,
    D. testicles, vas deferens, and epididymus
    C
  105. 105.
    What muscle is responsible for elevating the testes to bring them closer to the body under cold conditions?
    A. cremaster
    B. dartos
    C. internal oblique D. internal spermatic
    A
  106. 106.
    What is the glycoprotein coat that surrounds and protects the oocyte and must be penetrated for fertilization to occur?
    A. antrum
    B. corona radiate C. theca folliculi D. zona pellucida
    D
  107. 107.
    What is the final stage of parturition? (Childbirth)
    A. placental (3) B. labor
    C. explusion (2) D. dilation (1)
    A
  108. 108.
    What is the number one reason that a Ceasren section is performed istead of a delivering vaginally?
    A. placenta previa
    B. previous C section
    C. deformed or male like pelvis D. abruption placenta
    B
  109. 109.
    What structure is responsible for carrying milk from the alveoli to the nipple?
    A. lactiferous sinus B. mammary duct C. mammary sinus D. lactiferous duct
    D
  110. 110.
    Which reproductive structure causes the most cases of cancer in men?
    A. testes
    B. penis
    C. prostate
    D. seminal vesicle
    C
  111. 111.
    Mammary glands are present, but not normally active, in males.
    A. true B. false
    A

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