Test 3 - Speedback 2 - questions2.txt

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Test 3 - Speedback 2 - questions2.txt
2013-08-14 00:49:20
byu anatomy

Test 3 - Speedback 2 questions - set 2
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  1. 1. What is the name of the serous membrane that covers the external surface of the lung?
    A. pleural sac
    B. pleuropericardial sac C. parietal pleura
    D. visceral pleura
  2. 2. What is the name of the structure that connects the pharynx to the trachea?
    A. larynx
    B. oropharynx
    C. nasopharynx
    D. laryngopharynx
  3. 3. pulmonary ventilation
    A. gas exchange between blood and lungs B. breathing
    C. gas exchange between cells and blood
  4. 4. external respiration
    A. gas exchange between blood and lungs B. breathing
    C. gas exchange between cells and blood
  5. 5. internal respiration
    A. gas exchange between blood and lungs B. breathing
    C. gas exchange between cells and blood
  6. 6. The cilia of the respiratory tract
    A. move mucous out of the airways into the lungs
    B. move mucous out of the airways into the pharynx C. help move air into and out of the respiratory tract D. increase absorption of nutrients from air
  7. 7. The best description of the epithelium that lines the nasal cavity is
    A. ciliated stratified columnar
    B. ciliated pseudostratified columnar C. simple columnar
    D. stratified columnar
  8. 8. An inhaled object often lodges in the __________ primary bronchus.
    A. left B. right
  9. 9. Cells of the alveoli that allow rapid diffusion of respiratory gases are
    A. type II cells
    B. simple squamous epithelium C. simple cuboidal epithelium D. simple cplumnar
  10. 10. What condition is characterized by excess chloride in epithelial cells causing the bodies antibiotics to become ineffective?
    A. bronchitis
    B. cystic fibrosis C. lung cancer D. emphysema
  11. 11. he portal vein branches to sinusoids to central vein to hepatic vein to inferior vena cava.
    A. true B. false
  12. 12. The gallbladder makes bile.
    A. true B. false
  13. 13. The large intestine is unique in that it contains
    A. haustra
    B. intestinal crypts
    C. intestinal villi
    D. epiploic appendages E. teniae coli
    F. three of these options
  14. 14. The insulin- and glucagon-secreting cells are found in the
    A. acinar cells
    B. pancreatic cells (islets of langerhans) C. hepatic lobules
    D. zymogen granules
  15. 15. Which of the following digestive organs is directly involved in the chemical breakdown of food?
    A. mouth
    B. esophagus
    C. small intestine D. stomach
    E. three of these
  16. 16. What structure originates from the foregut?
    A. transverse colon B. jejunum
    C. stomach
    D. anal canal
  17. 17. Which of the following organs is intraperitoneal?
    A. ascending colon B. stomach
    C. duodenum
    D. pancreas
  18. 18. Which mesentery attaches the anterior part of the liver to the abdominal wall?
    A. omentum
    B. round ligament
    C. mesentary proper D. falciform ligament
  19. 19. The main pancreatic duct extends through the length of the pancreas and joins the bile duct to form the hepatopancreatic ampulla that empties into the duodenum.
    A. true B. false
  20. 20. The mesentery that attaches to the greater curvature of the stomach and has the most fat is the
    A. gastrocolon
    B. lesser omentum
    C. falciform ligament D. greater omentum
  21. 21. The volume of voice is controlled by
    A. the force of expired air
    B. the tension in the vocal folds C. the size of the larynx
  22. 22. Adults normally have how many teeth?
    A. 36 B. 20 C. 32 D. 40
  23. 23. Which tonsil protects the nasopharynx from pathogens?
    A. palatine
    B. lingual
    C. pharyngeal D. sublingual
  24. 24. Which tonsil protects the nasopharynx from pathogens?
    A. palatine
    B. lingual
    C. pharyngeal D. sublingual
  25. 25. The cough reflex originates at the
    A. carina
    B. larynx
    C. tongue
    D. primary bronchi
  26. 26. The majority of mesenteries are
    A. dorsal B. ventral
  27. 27. The cilia lining the lower respiratory passageways beat __________.
    A. anteriorly B. superiorly C. inferiorly D. posteriorly
  28. 28. How many muscular layers occur in the stomach?
    A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
  29. 29. This structure is located dorsal to the esophagus and continuous with the pharynx
    A. trachea
    B. primary bronchi C. esophagus
    D. glottis
  30. 30. Digestive organs that do not have mesenteries are
    A. peritoneal
    B. intraperitoneal C. retroperitonial
  31. 31. The __________ attaches to the greater curvature of the stomach.
    A. lesser omentum
    B. mesentery proper C. greater omentum D. dorsal mesentery
  32. 32. Which is true regarding bile?
    A. it emulsifies fat
    B. it is stored int eh liver
    C. it assists in the digestion of proteins D. it is synthesized by the gallbladder
  33. 33. This disease is characterized by the permanent expansion of the alveoli and is often associated with smoking
    A. pneumothorax
    B. emphysema
    C. bronchitis
    D. bronchial asthma
  34. 34. The epithelial lining of the nasal cavity is
    A. pseudostratified columnar B. stratified squamous
    C. simple cuboidal
    D. simple columnar
  35. 35. A peptic ulcer is
    A. herniations in the colon
    B. erosion of the mucosa in the stomach or duodenum C. a solid crystal precipitate of cholesterol
    D. inflammation of the alimentary canal
  36. 36. The lining of the mouth is made up of
    A. stratified squamous B. simple columnar
    C. stratified cuboidal D. simple cuboidal
  37. 37. What two ducts come together to form the common bile duct?
    A. common hepatic, gastric B. gastric and hepatic
    C. common hepatic, cystic D. left hepatic, right hepatic
  38. 38. Gas exchange between the blood and lungs is
    A. internal respiration
    B. external respiration
    C. pulmonary ventilation D. gas transport
  39. 39. What are the smallest tubes of the bronchial tree?
    A. lobar bronchi
    B. bronchioles
    C. terminal bronchi D. segmental bronchi
  40. 40. When surface tension is too great, the alveoli collapse. This is prevented by
    A. surfactant B. mucus
    C. type I cells D. water
  41. 41. Taste occurs through which papilla? (Select all the apply)
    A. fungiform B. vallate
    C. filliform
  42. 42. Which contributes to chemical digestion?
    A. esophagus
    B. teeth
    C. muscularis
    D. salivary glands
  43. 43. The majority of the digestive tract is lined by
    A. pseudostratified columnar B. simple columnar
    C. simple cuboidal
    D. simple squamous
  44. 44. Pneumothorax is a collapsed lung as a result of air entering the pleural cavity.
    A. true B. false
  45. 45. Internal respiration occurs
    A. only in the cardiovascular system B. between the blood and lungs
    C. in the lungs
    D. between the blood and cells
  46. 46. Where does the most absorption occur in digestion?
    A. stomach
    B. small intestine C. colon
    D. esophagus
  47. 47. What layer of the trachea contains the glands?
    A. mucosa
    B. submucosa C. adventitia
  48. 48. The portion of the tooth that provides sensation and nutrients is the
    A. dentin B. pulp
    C. gingiva D. enamel
  49. 49. Which is an accessory organ to the gastrointestinal tract?
    A. pancreas
    B. lesser omentum C. stomach
    D. esophagus
  50. 50. Which part of the gastrointestinal tract is responsible for absorption of water and electrolytes?
    A. stomach
    B. large intestine C. anal canal
    D. liver
  51. 51. What cells are responsible for digesting foreign particles that enter the lungs?
    A. type II cells B. monocytes C. dust cells D. type I cells
  52. 52. The contents of the gallbladder dump into the
    A. transverse colon B. jejunum
    C. duodenum
    D. ileum
  53. 53. The alveoli are lined by __________ cells.
    A. simple cuboidal
    B. simple columnar
    C. simple squamous D. stratified squamous
  54. 54. The space between the visceral and parietal pleurae is the
    A. pleural cavity B. pleura
    C. serosal cavity D. thoracic cavity
  55. 55. The respiratory system is fully matured
    A. about two weeks after birth B. during young adulthood
    C. at birth
    D. in a fetus, at about 7 months
  56. 56. The diaphragm is innervated by the __________ nerve(s).
    A. pleural
    B. phrenic
    C. intercostal D. vagus
  57. 57. The serosa surrounding the lungs is the
    A. pericardium B. metrum
    C. pleura
    D. peritoneum
  58. 58. The respiratory membrane is
    A. a layer of simple squamous
    B. the same as the alveolar wall
    C. primarily type II cells
    D. combination of alveolar and capillary
  59. 59. Pancreatic islets
    A. make up the exocrine portion of the pancreas B. produce enzymes to aid in digestion
    C. secrete hormones into the small intestine
    D. secrete insulin and glucagon
  60. 60. How much of the original filtrate from the glomerulus is reabsorbed back into the blood?
    A. 50 B. 99 C. 95 D. 75
  61. 61. The internal urethral sphincter
    A. is voluntary
    B. is smooth muscle
    C. prevents dribbling of urine between voidings D. is involuntary
    E. All of these option except "is voluntary"
  62. 62. During which of the following processes are most of the nutrients reclaimed from the filtrate and returned to the blood of surrounding capillaries?
    A. secretion
    B. reabsorption C. filtration
    D. reclamation
  63. 63. Blood flows through the kidney vessels is in the direction of interlobular arteryfrom, efferent arteriole, to glomerular capillaries,to afferent arteriole.
    A. true B. false
  64. 64. The major component of urine is
    A. urea
    B. water
    C. creatine D. uric acid
  65. 65. An infection of the urethra can spread superiorly to cause a bladder infection called
    A. incontinence B. urethritis
    C. micturition D. urinitis
    E. cysitis
  66. 66. The part(s) of the nephron that is (are) located in the kidney medulla is (are) the
    A. ascending and descending limbs of the loop of henle B. glomerular capsule
    C. glomerulus
    D. distal and proximal convoluted tubules
  67. 67. What region of the nephron is most active in filtration and resorption?
    A. proximal convoluted tubule B. distal convoluted tubule
    C. glomerulus
    D. loop of henle
  68. 68. The muscle responsible for micturition is the
    A. urachus
    B. internal urethral sphincter C. detrusor
    D. external urethral sphincter
  69. 69. The major calyces dump the urine that they carry into the __________.
    A. renal pelvis
    B. ureter
    C. renal medulla D. renal pyramid
  70. 70. The ductus deferens is derived from
    A. paramesonephric duct B. mesonephric duct
    C. embryonic ectoderm D. embryonic endoderm
  71. 71. Which is the most mature type of germ cell?
    A. spermatogonia
    B. spermatozoa
    C. spermatids
    D. secondary spermatocyte
  72. 72. Viability of sperm is dependent on the action of two muscles in the scrotum, the
    A. detrusor muscle and interior urethral sphincter B. detrusor muscle and exterior urethral sphincter C. tunica vaginalis and tunica albeginea
    D. dartos and cremaster
  73. 73. A newborn infant has a hole on the undersurface of the penis through which urine exits. This is a congenital condition called
    A. hypospadias
    B. hypogenital fissure C. urethral groove
    D. labioscrotal opening
  74. 74. The male primary sex organ(s) is(are) the
    A. prostate B. scrotum C. testes
    D. penis
  75. 75. The seminal vesicle contributes __________ percent of the volume of semen
    A. 70 B. 95 C. 60 D. 33
  76. 76. Cells of the testis that produce testosterone are
    A. insterstitial cells
    B. sertoli cells
    C. spermatogonia
    D. spermatogenic cells E. sustentacular cells
  77. 77. What gland contributes a neutralizing mucus to semen?
    A. bulbourethral B. epididymus
    C. seminal vesicle
  78. 78. Which of the following is a congenital condition in which the testes remain undescended?
    A. orchitis
    B. cryptorchidism C. varicocele
    D. hypospadias
    E. hydrocele
  79. 79. The accessory glands which contribute secretions to the semen are the
    A. spermatic cord, epididymis, and ejaculatory vesicle
    B. rete testis, epididymis, spermatic cord
    C. seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands D. seminiferous tubules, epididymis, and ejaculatory duct
  80. 80. Every month, the uterine cycle begins with the __________ phase.
    A. secretory
    B. proliferative C. ovulatory
    D. menstrual
  81. 81. The vagina is lined with __________ epithelium.
    A. stratified columnar B. pseudostratified
    C. stratified squamous D. simple squamous
  82. 82. Mammary glands secrete milk from alveoli through the __________ ducts.
    A. alveolar
    B. lactiferous C. areolar
    D. milk-line
  83. 83. What male structure is homologous to the clitoris?
    A. bulbourethral gland B. penis
    C. prepuce
    D. glans
  84. 84. What is the mucosal layer of the uterus?
    A. enodmetrium B. myometrium C. perimetrium
  85. 85. In a female fetus, which structure will deteriorate?
    A. mullerian duct
    B. mesonephric duct
    C. paramesnephric duct
  86. 86. Which of the following is not a risk factor for breast cancer?
    A. family history of breast cancer B. late menopause
    C. first live birth before 25
    D. early onset of puberty
  87. 87. Where does fertilization usually occur?
    A. infundibulum of oviduct B. uterus
    C. isthmus
    D. ampulla of uterine tube
  88. 88. Approximately how many days after ovulation will the blastocyst implant in the uterus?
    A. 3 B. 9 C. 6 D. 12
  89. 89. What hormone(s) signal events in the secretory phase?
    A. LH
    B. estrogen
    C. FSH
    D. progesterone
  90. 90. Which of the following is not a function of the kidney?
    A. regulate number of blood cells
    B. regulate water, salts and acids
    C. regulation of blood volume
    D. dispose of excess waste and ions
  91. 91. The stratified epithelium formed from follicular cells is called the
    A. granulose cells B. theca folliculi C. zona pellucida D. corona radiate
  92. B92. What structure is responsible for carrying milk from the alveoli to the nipple?
    A. lactiferous sinus B. lactiferous duct C. mammary sinus D. mammary duct
  93. 93. What is the epithelial lining of the vagina?
    A. simple columnar
    B. stratified cuboidal C. simple squamous D. stratified squamous
  94. 94. The capillaries in the glomerulus are covered by what type of cells?
    A. a muscular layer
    B. fibroblasts
    C. cuboidal epithelial cells D. podocytes
  95. 95. What hormone is responsible for the growth of a follicle?
    A. LH
    B. progesterone C. estrogen
    D. FSH
  96. 96. What percentage of urine is composed of ions?
    A. 3 B. 1 C. 5 D. 12
  97. 97. What percentage of urine is composed of ions?
    A. 3 B. 1 C. 5 D. 12
  98. 98. The ureter develops from what embryonic structure?
    A. urogenital sinus B. pronephric duct C. metanephros
    D. uretic bud
  99. 99. What vessel allows infusion of blood into the penis to cause an erection?
    A. deep artery B. dorsal artery C. deep vein
    D. dorsal vein
  100. 100.
    What is the final stage of parturition?
    A. placental B. expulsion C. dilation D. labor
  101. 101.
    An ectopic pregnancy is most common in the
    A. abdomen
    B. pelvis
    C. uterus
    D. uterine tube
  102. 102.
    Which reproductive structure causes the most cases of cancer in men?
    A. prostate
    B. penis
    C. testes
    D. seminal vesicle
  103. 103.
    Which is the correct sequence within a uniferous tubule, starting from the glomerulus?
    A. proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, glomerular capsule
    B. distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule, glomerular capsule
    C. glomerular capsule, distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule
    D. glomerular capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule
  104. 104.
    The corpus luteum secretes which hormone?
    A. FSH
    B. oxytocin
    C. LH
    D. progesterone
  105. 105.
    What contributes the highest percentage of volume to semen?
    A. urethra
    B. testes
    C. prostate
    D. seminal vesicle
  106. 106.
    When a nephron loop dips into the deep portion of the medulla it is called a(n) __________ nephron.
    A. intermediate
    B. juxtamedullary C. inter-medullary D. cortical
  107. 107.
    What embryonic structure gives rise to the ductus deferens?
    A. Mullerian duct
    B. urogenital ridge
    C. paramesonephric duct D. mesonephric duct
  108. 108.
    The smooth muscle that operates under autonomic nervous control to keep the urethra closed when urine is not being passed is the __________.
    A. internal urethral sphincter B. muscularis mucosa
    C. external urethral sphincter D. detrusor
  109. 109.
    Mammary glands are present, but not normally active, in males.
    A. true B. false
  110. 110.
    A condition where many urine filled sacs develop and destroy normal kidney tissue is
    A. pyelitis
    B. horseshoe kidney C. renal calculi
    D. polycystic kidney
  111. 111.
    What is the correct order of sperm formation?
    A. primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatogonia, spermatids
    B. speratogonia, primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatid
    C. spermatid, primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte, speratogonia
    D. spermatogonia, spermatid, primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte
  112. 112.
    Testosterone is produced and secreted by what?
    A. prostate
    B. leydig cells
    C. pituitary
    D. sustentacular cells
  113. 113.
    What condition is characterized by infection of the vagina, uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries?
    A. pelvic inflammatory disease B. yeast infection
    C. HPV
    D. pelvicitis
  114. 114.
    Which of the following is a layer of the uterus?
    A. endovarium B. myocardium C. perimetrium D. peritoneum
  115. 115.
    At what time do embryos differentiate sexually?
    A. 1 week
    B. 5-6 weeks
    C. 7-8 weeks
    D. 16-17 weeks
  116. 116.
    What is the glycoprotein coat that surrounds and protects the oocyte and must be penetrated for fertilization to occur?
    A. antrum
    B. corona radiate C. zona pellucida D. theca folliculi
  117. 117.
    What specific layer is discharged during menstruation?
    A. epimetrum
    B. stratum functionalis C. stratum basale
    D. endometrium
  118. 118.
    What muscle is responsible for elevating the testes to bring them closer to the body under cold conditions?
    A. internal oblique
    B. dartos
    C. cremaster
    D. internal spermatic
  119. 119.
    What structure is responsible for transporting sperm from the testes internally to the body?
    A. vas deferens
    B. seminiferous tubules C. urethra
    D. epididymus
  120. 120.
    The most common congenital abnormlity of the male urethra is
    A. hydrocele
    B. inguinal hernia C. cryptochidism D. hypospadias
  121. 121.
    The urine flows from the __________ to the __________ through the ureters.
    A. kidney, bladder
    B. bladder, proscate
    C. kidney, nephron
    D. bladder, external oriface
  122. 122.
    Which of the following is permitted to pass through the filtration slits of the glomerulus?
    A. ions
    B. rbcs
    C. large proteins D. wbcs
  123. 123.
    Normally fertilization occurs
    A. on the ovary
    B. anywhere in the uterine tubes
    C. in the ampulla of the uterine tubules D. in the uterus
  124. 124.
    At what stage is the follicle prepared to ovulate?
    A. primary follicle
    B. primordial follicle C. graafian follicle D. secondary follicle
  125. 125.
    What type of capillaries are found in the glomerulus?
    A. sinusoidal B. fenestrated C. continuous
  126. 126.
    The pathway that sperm follows is
    A. testicle, vas deferens, and epididymus.
    B. epididymus, rete testes, seminiferous tubules, and spermatic cord
    C. seminiferous tubules, rete testes, efferent ductules, and epididymus D. seminiferous tubules, efferent ductules, rete testes, and epididymus.
  127. What is the number one reason that a
    Cesarean section is performed instead of a
    delivering vaginally?

    A. deformed male-like pelvis
    B. previous C-section
    C. abruption placenta
    D. placenta previa