PSY 200 chapter 6

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PSY 200 chapter 6
2013-08-14 04:10:18

chapter 6 Psy 200 vocab terms
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  1. The subjective awareness of internal and external events
  2. The internal processes used to set priorities for mental functioning.
  3. Different auditory messages are presented separately and simultaneously to each ear.  The subject's task is to repeat aloud one message while ignoring the other.
    dichotic listening
  4. The ability to focus on one auditory message and ignore others; also refers to the tendency to notice when your name suddenly appears in a message that you've been actively ignoring
    cocktail party effect
  5. Fast and effortless processing that requires little or no focused attention
  6. A complex disorder of attention characterized by a tendency to ignore things that appear on one side of the body (usually the left side)
    visual neglect
  7. A psychological disorder marked by difficulties in concentrating or in sustaining attention for extended periods; can be associated with hyperactivity
    attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder ADHD
  8. Biological activities that rise and fall in accordance with a 24-hour cycle.
    circadian rhythms
  9. brain structures that schedule rhythmic variations in bodily functions by triggering them at appropriate times.
    biological clocks
  10. The pattern of brain activity observed in someone who is in a relaxed state
    alpha waves
  11. the pattern of brain activity observed in stage 1 sleep
    theta waves
  12. the pattern of brain activity observed in stage 3 and 4 sleep; it's characterized by synchronized slow waves.  also called slow-wave sleep
    delta activity
  13. a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and low-amplitude, irregular EEG patterns resembling those found in the waking brain.  REM is typically associated with dreaming
  14. The tendency to increase time spent in REM sleep after REM deprivation
    REM rebound
  15. According to Freud, the actual symbols and events experienced in a dream
    manifest content
  16. According to Freud, the true psychological meaning of dream symbols
    latent content
  17. the idea that dreams represent the brain's attempt to make sense of the random patterns of neural activity generated during sleep
    activation-synthesis hypothesis
  18. a chronic condition marked by difficulties in initiating or maintaining sleep, lasting for a period of at least one month
  19. a chronic condition marked by excessive sleepiness
  20. a rare sleep disorder characterized by sudden extreme sleepiness
  21. frightening and anxiety-arousing dreams that occur primarily during the REM stage of sleep
  22. terrifying experiences, which occur mainly in children, in which the sleeper awakens suddenly in an extreme state of panic
    night terrors
  23. the sleeper arises during sleep and wanders about
  24. drugs that affect behavior and mental processes through alterations of conscious awareness
    psychoactive drugs
  25. an adaptation made by the body to compensate for the continued use of a drug, such that increasing amounts of the drug are needed to produce the same physical and behavioral effects
  26. a condition in which one experiences physical or psychological need for continued use of a drug
    drug dependency
  27. physical reactions, such as sweating, vomiting, changes in heart rate, or tremors, that occur when a person stops taking certain drugs after continued use
  28. a class of drugs that slow or depress the ongoing activity of the central nervous system.
  29. a class of drugs that increase central nervous system activity, enhancing neural transmission
  30. a class of drugs that reduce anxiety, lower sensitivity to pain, and elevate mood; opiates often act to depress nervous system activity
  31. a class of drugs that tends to disrupt normal mental and emotional functioning, including distorting perception and altering reality
  32. a form of social interaction that produces a heightened state of suggestibility in a willing participant
  33. the supposed enhancement in memory that occurs under hypnosis; there is little if any evidence to support the existence of this effect
    hypnotic hypermnesia
  34. a hypnotically induced splitting of consciousness during which multiple forms of awareness exist
    hypnotic dissociation
  35. a technique for self-induced manipulation of awareness, often used for the purpose of relaxation and self-reflection