PSY 200 chapter 6
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PSY 200 chapter 6
chapter 6 Psy 200 vocab terms
The subjective awareness of internal and external events
The internal processes used to set priorities for mental functioning.
Different auditory messages are presented separately and simultaneously to each ear. The subject's task is to repeat aloud one message while ignoring the other.
The ability to focus on one auditory message and ignore others; also refers to the tendency to notice when your name suddenly appears in a message that you've been actively ignoring
cocktail party effect
Fast and effortless processing that requires little or no focused attention
A complex disorder of attention characterized by a tendency to ignore things that appear on one side of the body (usually the left side)
A psychological disorder marked by difficulties in concentrating or in sustaining attention for extended periods; can be associated with hyperactivity
attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder ADHD
Biological activities that rise and fall in accordance with a 24-hour cycle.
brain structures that schedule rhythmic variations in bodily functions by triggering them at appropriate times.
The pattern of brain activity observed in someone who is in a relaxed state
the pattern of brain activity observed in stage 1 sleep
the pattern of brain activity observed in stage 3 and 4 sleep; it's characterized by synchronized slow waves. also called slow-wave sleep
a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and low-amplitude, irregular EEG patterns resembling those found in the waking brain. REM is typically associated with dreaming
The tendency to increase time spent in REM sleep after REM deprivation
According to Freud, the actual symbols and events experienced in a dream
According to Freud, the true psychological meaning of dream symbols
the idea that dreams represent the brain's attempt to make sense of the random patterns of neural activity generated during sleep
a chronic condition marked by difficulties in initiating or maintaining sleep, lasting for a period of at least one month
a chronic condition marked by excessive sleepiness
a rare sleep disorder characterized by sudden extreme sleepiness
frightening and anxiety-arousing dreams that occur primarily during the REM stage of sleep
terrifying experiences, which occur mainly in children, in which the sleeper awakens suddenly in an extreme state of panic
the sleeper arises during sleep and wanders about
drugs that affect behavior and mental processes through alterations of conscious awareness
an adaptation made by the body to compensate for the continued use of a drug, such that increasing amounts of the drug are needed to produce the same physical and behavioral effects
a condition in which one experiences physical or psychological need for continued use of a drug
physical reactions, such as sweating, vomiting, changes in heart rate, or tremors, that occur when a person stops taking certain drugs after continued use
a class of drugs that slow or depress the ongoing activity of the central nervous system.
a class of drugs that increase central nervous system activity, enhancing neural transmission
a class of drugs that reduce anxiety, lower sensitivity to pain, and elevate mood; opiates often act to depress nervous system activity
a class of drugs that tends to disrupt normal mental and emotional functioning, including distorting perception and altering reality
a form of social interaction that produces a heightened state of suggestibility in a willing participant
the supposed enhancement in memory that occurs under hypnosis; there is little if any evidence to support the existence of this effect
a hypnotically induced splitting of consciousness during which multiple forms of awareness exist
a technique for self-induced manipulation of awareness, often used for the purpose of relaxation and self-reflection