Psy 200 Chapter 7 vocab

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bblair
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229968
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Psy 200 Chapter 7 vocab
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2013-08-14 06:16:04
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vocab psy 200 chapter
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chapter 7 terms
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  1. a relatively permanent change in behavior, or potential behavior, that results from experience
    learning
  2. an inborn tendency to notice and respond to novel or surprising events
    orienting response
  3. the decline in tendency to respond to an event that has become familiar through repeated exposure
    habituation
  4. increased responsiveness, or sensitivity, to an event that has been repeated
    sensitization
  5. a set of procedures used to investigate how organisms learn about the signaling properties of events.  Classical conditioning involves learning relationships between events--conditioned and unconditioned stimuli--that occur outside of one's control
    classical conditioning
  6. A stimulus that automatically leads to an observable response prior to any training
    unconditioned stimulus (US)
  7. the observable response that is produced automatically, prior to training, on presentation of an unconditioned stimulus
    unconditioned response (UR)
  8. the acquired response that is produced by the conditioned stimulus in anticipation of the unconditioned stimulus.
    conditioned response (CR)
  9. the neutral stimulus that is paired with the unconditioned stimulus during classical conditioning
    conditioned stimulus (CS)
  10. a procedure in which an established conditioned stimulus is used to condition a second neutral stimulus
    second-order conditioning
  11. responding to a new stimulus in a way similar to the response produced by an established conditioned stimulus.
    stimulus generalization
  12. responding differently to a new stimulus than how one responds to an established conditioned stimulus
    stimulus dicrimination
  13. presenting a conditioned stimulus repeatedly, after conditioning, without the unconditioned stimulus, resulting in a loss in responding
    extinction
  14. The recovery of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of non exposure to the conditioned stimulus
    spontaneous recovery
  15. learning that an event signals the absence of the unconditioned stimulus
    conditioned inhibition
  16. a procedure for studying how organisms learn about the consequences of their own voluntary actions (also called instrumental conditioning)
    operant conditioning
  17. if a response in a particular situation is followed by a satisfying consequence, it will be strengthened.  If a response in a particular situation is followed by an unsatisfying consequence, it will be weakened
    law of effect
  18. the stimulus situation that sets the occasion for a response to be followed by reinforcement or punishment
    discriminative stimulus
  19. response consequences that increase the likelihood of responding in a similar way again
    reinforcement
  20. an event that, when presented after a response, increases the likelihood of that response.
    positive reinforcement
  21. an event that, when removed after a response, increases the likelihood of that response occurring again
    negative reinforcement
  22. a stimulus that has acquired reinforcing properties through prior learning
    conditioned reinforcer
  23. consequences that decrease the likelihood of responding in a similar way again
    punishment
  24. an event that, when presented after a response, lowers the likelihood of that response occurring again.
    positive punishment
  25. an event that, when removed after a response, lowers the likelihood of that response occurring again
    negative punishment
  26. a rule that an experimenter uses to determine when particular responses will be reinforced
    schedule of reinforcement
  27. a schedule in which reinforcement is delivered only some of the time after the response has occurred.
    partial reinforcement schedule
  28. a schedule in which the number of responses required for reinforcement is fixed and does not change
    fixed-ratio (FR) schedule
  29. a schedule in which a certain number of responses are required for reinforcement, but the number of required responses typically change
    variable-ratio (VR) schedule
  30. a schedule in which the reinforcement is delivered for the first response that occurs following a fixed interval of time
    fixed-interval (FI) schedule
  31. a schedule in which the allotted time before a response will yield reinforcement varies from trial to trial
    variable-interval (VI) schedule
  32. a procedure in which reinforcement is delivered for successive approximations of the desired response
    shaping

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