EMT-Chapter 43-Hazardous Materials

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Author:
rolliespring
ID:
229988
Filename:
EMT-Chapter 43-Hazardous Materials
Updated:
2013-08-14 13:31:45
Tags:
emt hazardous materials
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Description:
Ch43
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  1. Hazardous Materials
    Material that poses a threat or unreasonable risk to life, health, or property.
  2. Explosives
    • TNT
    • Ammunition
    • Fireworks
    • Black powder
  3. Toxic and Flammable Gases
    • Chlorine
    • Ammonia
    • Nitrogen
    • CO
    • Acetylene
    • Propane
    • Butane
    • H2
  4. Flammable and Combustible Liquids
    • Gasoline
    • Acetone
    • Diesel
    • Brake Fluid
    • Oil
  5. Flammable Solids, Dangerous when Wet, Spontaneously Combustible
    • Phosphorus
    • Magnesium
    • Titanium
    • Lithium
    • Calcium resinate
  6. Oxidizing Substances and Organic Peroxides
    • Lithium peroxide
    • Calcium chlorite
    • Pool chlorine
  7. Toxic and Infectious Substances
    • Cyanide
    • Arsenic
    • Phosgene
    • Insecticides
    • Pesticides
  8. Radioactive Materials
    • Plutonium
    • Cobalt
    • Uranium
  9. Corrosive Substances
    • Hydrochloric acid
    • Sulfuric acid
    • Caustic
  10. Types of Damage from Hazmats
    • Thermal: heat sources, burns
    • Radiological: radiation emitting
    • Asphyxiation: lack of O2 due to chemical vapors, heavy gases
    • Chemical: toxic or corrosive
    • Etiological: biohazards
    • Mechanical: bullets
  11. RAIN
    • Recognize that a hazmat incident has occurred.
    • Avoid contact with the hazmat substance
    • Isolate the area
    • Notify the appropriate authorities or response agencies.
  12. Safety Zones
    Areas surrounding a hazardous material accident, such as hot, war, and cool zones, designated for specific rescue operations
  13. Hot Zone
    • Area where contamination is present, generally adjacent to the accident site.
    • Also known as exclusion zone.
    • Only trained personnel should enter.
  14. Warm Zone
    • Area adjacent to the hot zone, where life-saving care is performed.
    • Contamination reduction zone.
    • All personnel should wear protective gear
  15. Cool Zone
    • Area adjacent to warm zone, where normal treatment is performed.
    • Support zone.

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