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A formal declaration made before a duly
authorized officer, usually a notary public, by a person who has signed a
The actual, open, notorious, hostile, and
continuous possession of another’s land under a claim of title. Possession for
a statutory period may be a means of acquiring title.
A deed that carries with it no warranties
against liens or other encumbrances but that does imply that the grantor has
the right to convey title. The grantor may add warranties to the deed at his or
Bargain and sale deed
A written instrument that, when executed and
delivered, conveys title to or an interest in real estate.
A deed of trust (or deed in trust in some
states) is the means by which a trustor conveys real estate to a trustee for
the benefit of a beneficiary.
Deed of trust
A gift of real property by will. The donor is
the devisor, and the recipient is the devisee.
A deed in which the grantor fully warrants good,
clear title to the premises. Used in most real estate deed transfers, a general
warranty deed offers the greatest protection of any deed.
General warranty deed
A person who receives a transfer of real
property from a grantor.
Words in a deed of conveyance that state the
grantor’s intention to convey the property at the present time. This clause is
generally worded as “convey and warrant”; “grant”; “grant, bargain, and sell”;
or the like.
The owner transferring title to or an interest
in real property to a grantee.
That part of a deed beginning with the words “to
have and to hold,” following the granting clause and defining the extent of
ownership the grantor is conveying.
A legal process by which a court determines who
will inherit a decedent’s property and what the estate’s assets are.
A conveyance by which the grantor transfers
whatever interest he or she has in the real estate, without warranties
A deed used by a trustee under a deed of trust
to return title to the trustor.
A deed in which the grantor warrants, or
guarantee, the title only against defects arising during the period of his or
her tenure and ownership of the property and not against defects existing
before that time, generally using the language, “by, through, or under the
grantor but not otherwise.”
Special warranty deed
Having made and left a valid will.
A person who has made a valid will. A woman
often is referred to as a testatrix, although testator can be used for either
(1) The right to ownership or the ownership of
land. (2) The evidence of ownership of land.
Tax stamps required to be affixed to a deed by
state and/or local law.
One to whom something is entrusted and who holds
legal title to property and administers the property for the benefit of a
beneficiary. Or a member of a board entrusted with the administration of an
institution or organization, such as a cooperative.
A written document, properly witnessed,
providing for the transfer of title to property owned by the deceased, called