Review Ch. 4

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Review Ch. 4
2010-06-10 14:13:10

CNA Flash cards
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  1. A state of being unaware of one's surrondings and being unable to react or respond to people, places, or things.
  2. Joint inflammation.
  3. Degenerative joint disease. It occurs from aging, joint injury, and obesity.
    Osteoarthritis. The person has joint stiffness, pain, swelling, and tenderness.
  4. An inflammatory disease. It causes joint pain, swelling, and stiffness.
    Rheumatoid arthritis.
  5. Bones become porous adn brittle. They are fragile and break easily.
  6. A broken bone.
  7. An injury to a ligament.
  8. A muscle is torn or stretched.
  9. The science of desinging the job to fit the worker. The task, work station, equipment, adn tools are changed to reduce stress on the worker's body. The goal is to prevent a serios and disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD).
  10. MSDs vs MSDS
    MSDs are injuries and disorders of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and cartilage. They also involve the nervous system. MSDS: material safety data sheet
  11. Move the stretcher feet first.
  12. Turn on cold water first, then hot water. Turn off hot water first, then cold water.
  13. This application relives pain, relaxes muscles, and decreases joint stiffness. They also promote healing and reduce tissue swelling.
    Heat applications. When heat is applied to the skin, blood vessels in the area dilate (expand, open wider). Blood flow increases. Tissues have more oxygen and nutrients for healing. Excess fluid is removed from the area faster.
  14. Moist heat has greater and faster effects than dry heat. Heat penetrates deeper with a moist application.
  15. This application reduces pain, revent swelling, and decreases circulation and bleeding.
    Cold applications. When cold is applied to the skin, blood vessels constrict. Blood flow decreases. Less oxygen and nutrients are carried to the tissues. Cold applications are useful right after injury. Decreased blood flow reduces the amount of bleeding. Less fluid collects in the tissues.
  16. For heat and cold applications check the skin every 5 minutes for signs of complications.
  17. Do not use or give damaged items to residents. Take the item to the nurse.
  18. Oxygen
    The doctor orders oxygen therapy. Oxygen is treated as a drug. The doctor orders the amount of oxygen to give, the device to use, and when to give it. You do not give oxygen. You do not adjust the flow rate unless allowed by your state and center. The nurse and respiratory therapist start and maintain oxxygen therapy. You assist the nurse in providing safe care.
  19. Dealing with agittedor aggressive pesons:
    Stand away from the person, stand close to the door, talk to the person in a calm manner keep hands free, do not touch the person, and tell the person you will get the nurse to speak to him.
  20. Any event that has harmed or could harm a resident, staff member, or visitor. It includes accidents and errors in giving care.
    Incident. Report accidents and errors at once.
  21. True or False: Bed rails are always raised when the bed is raised.
  22. heat and cold ar applied for no longer than 15 to 20 minutes.
  23. Mrs. Ford often tries to get up without help. You should do the following except.
    • a. Keep her bed rails up.
    • b. Remind her to use the signal light
    • c. Check on her often
    • d. help her to the bathroom at regular intervals.