A strip of land, usually used as a park or
designated for a similar use, separating land dedicated to one use from land
dedicated to another use (e.g., residential from commercial).
An ordinance that specifies minimum standards of
construction for buildings to protect public safety and health.
Permission by the municipal inspector to occupy
a completed building structure after being inspected and having complied with
Certificate of occupancy
See master plan.
Private agreements that affect the land use.
They may be enforced by an owner of real estate and included in the seller’s
deed to the buyer.
Covenants Conditions, and Restrictions
Zoning ordinances that restrict the maximum
average number of houses per acre that may be built within a particular area,
generally a subdivision.
One who attempts to put land to its most
profitable use through the construction of improvements.
State legislation that confers zoning powers on
A federal law that regulates that sale of certain
real estate in interstate commerce.
Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act
An action brought by a property owner seeking
just compensation for land taken for public use when the taker of the property
does not intend to bring eminent domain proceedings. Property is condemned
because. Its use and value have been diminished due to an adjacent property’s
A use of property that is permitted to continue
after a zoning ordinance prohibiting it has been established for the area.
A planned combination of diverse land uses, such
as housing, recreation, and shopping, in one contained development or
Planned unit development (PUD)
A detailed map that illustrates the geographic
boundaries of individual lots.
A clause in a deed that limits the way the real
estate ownership may be used.
One who buys undeveloped land, divides it into
smaller, usable lots and sells the lots to potential users.
A tract of land divided by the owner, known as
the subdivider, into blocks, building lots, and streets according to a recorded
subdivision plat, which must comply with local ordinances and regulations.
Permission obtained from zoning authorities to
build a structure or conduct a use that is expressly prohibited by the current
zoning laws; an exception from the zoning ordinances.
A regulatory tool that helps communities
regulate and control how land is used.
An exercise of police power by a municipality to
regulate and control the character and use of property.