PSY 200 chapter 1 summary questions
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Psychology is the scientific study of ______ and _______.
behavior and mind
Scientific knowledge is based on _________.
Psychologists infer how the mind works from directly measuring________
_____ psychologists diagnose and treat psychological problems
____________ psychologists extend the principles of scientific psychology to practical, everyday problems in the real world
___________ psychologists conduct experiments and collect data to discover the basic principles of behavior and mind
Modern psychology developed out of the disciplines of ___________ and ______________.
philosophy and physiology
________ believed that the mind is separate from the body, which the mind controls through the pineal gland.
Modern psychologists believe that the mind and body are the same because the _____ is what the brain does.
________ holds that we learn everything through experience.
_____ holds that certain kinds of knowledge and ideas are innate (inborn).
________ proposed that natural selection guides evolution and that certain tendencies are inherited
Today, virtually all psychologists accept that psychological characteristics are influenced by both _________ and ________.
- genes or nature
- experience or nurture
___________ was founded by Wundt, who established an experimental lab to study the elementary components of immediate experience and how they add up to a meaningful whole
__________ was developed by North American psychologists who studied the adaptive purpose (function) of immediate experience
__________, led by Watson, was based on the premise that because immediate conscious experience cannot be observed, measurable behavior is the proper subject of psychology
Freud was a neurologist and clinician who developed _________, which used dreams and free association to analyze both the mind and ______ determinants of behavior.
Rogers and Maslow rejected Freud's pessimism and focused instead on positive traits. ______ psychology holds that we control our destinies and can attain our full potential as human beings.
___________ who developed a paired-association technique, was the first female president of the American Psychological Association.
_____ was the first woman to receive a doctorate in psychology and is well known for her behavioral views on consciousness.
_______ helped pioneer the study of sex differences.
_____ and _____ did significant work on color vision and perception.
Ladd-Franklin and Martin
_____ made important contributions to the study of clinical and developmental psychology.
_____ contributed significantly to the study of ethnic issues
_______ means that information is selected from many different sources rather than just one.
Cognition is the process of knowing that involves learning _______, and reasoning an that importantly influences behavior.
Biology influences thought and behavior. Certain psychological problems may be caused by imbalances among the _________ messengers in the brain.
___________ factors may be the basis for the thoughts and actions that are controlled by innate mental mechanisms.
Culture is influenced by the thoughts and actions of group members along with their shared ________, customs, and beliefs.
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