PSY 200 chapter 1 summary questions

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bblair
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230058
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PSY 200 chapter 1 summary questions
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2013-08-15 01:46:41
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chapter review questions
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Introduction to psychology chapter 1 review questions
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  1. Psychology is the scientific study of ______ and _______.
    behavior and mind
  2. Scientific knowledge is based on _________.
    observation
  3. Psychologists infer how the mind works from directly measuring________
    behavior
  4. _____ psychologists diagnose and treat psychological problems
    clinical
  5. ____________  psychologists extend the principles of scientific psychology to practical, everyday problems in the real world
    applied
  6. ___________  psychologists conduct experiments and collect data to discover the basic principles of behavior and mind
    research
  7. Modern psychology developed out of the disciplines of ___________ and ______________.
    philosophy and physiology
  8. ________ believed that the mind is separate from the body, which the mind controls through the pineal gland.
    Descartes
  9. Modern psychologists believe that the mind and body are the same because the _____ is what the brain does.
    mind
  10. ________ holds that we learn everything through experience.
    empiricism
  11. _____ holds that certain kinds of knowledge and ideas are innate (inborn).
    nativism
  12. ________ proposed that natural selection guides evolution and that certain tendencies are inherited
    Darwin
  13. Today, virtually all psychologists accept that psychological characteristics are influenced by both _________ and ________.
    • genes or nature
    • and
    • experience or nurture
  14. ___________ was founded by Wundt, who established an experimental lab to study the elementary components of immediate experience and how they add up to a meaningful whole
    Structuralism
  15. __________ was developed by North American psychologists who studied the adaptive purpose (function) of immediate experience
    functionalism
  16. __________, led by Watson, was based on the premise that because immediate conscious experience cannot be observed, measurable behavior is the proper subject of psychology
    behaviorism
  17. Freud was a neurologist and clinician who developed _________, which used dreams and free association to analyze both the mind and ______ determinants of behavior.
    psychoanalysis

    unconscious
  18. Rogers and Maslow rejected Freud's pessimism and focused instead on positive traits.  ______ psychology holds that we control our destinies and can attain our full potential as human beings.
    humanistic
  19. ___________ who developed a paired-association technique, was the first female president of the American Psychological Association.
    Calkins
  20. _____ was the first woman to receive a doctorate in psychology and is well known for her behavioral views on consciousness.
    Washburn
  21. _______ helped pioneer the study of sex differences.
    Wooley
  22. _____ and _____ did significant work on color vision and perception.
    Ladd-Franklin and Martin
  23. _____ made important contributions to the study of clinical and developmental psychology.
    Howard
  24. _____ contributed significantly to the study of ethnic issues
    Bernal
  25. _______ means that information is selected from many different sources rather than just one.
    Eclectic
  26. Cognition is the process of knowing that involves learning _______, and reasoning an that importantly influences behavior.
    memory
  27. Biology influences thought and behavior.  Certain psychological problems may be caused by imbalances among the _________ messengers in the brain.
    chemical
  28. ___________ factors may be the basis for the thoughts and actions that are controlled by innate mental mechanisms.
    Evolutionary
  29. Culture is influenced by the thoughts and actions of group members along with their shared ________, customs, and beliefs.
    values

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