AP Psychology Chapter 1 Vocab.txt

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AP Psychology Chapter 1 Vocab.txt
2013-08-15 03:13:29

Myers' Psychology for AP Chapter 1 Vocab
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  1. Empiricism
    the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation
  2. Structuralism
    an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind
  3. Functionalism
    a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function, how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish
  4. Experimental Psychology
    the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method
  5. Behaviorism
    • the view that psychology
    • 1)should be an objective science that
    • 2)studies behavior without reference to mental processes.
    • Most research psychologists today agree with 1) but not 2)
  6. Humanistic Psychology
    historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth
  7. Cognitive Neuroscience
    the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language
  8. Psychology
    the science of behavior and mental processes
  9. Nature-nurture Issue
    The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture
  10. Natural Selection
    the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on the succeeding generations
  11. Levels of Analysis
    the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
  12. Biopsychosocial approach
    an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-culture levels of analysis
  13. Biological Psychology
    a branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes
  14. Evolutionary Psychology
    the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection
  15. Psychodynamic Psychology
    the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning
  16. Cognitive Psychology
    the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
  17. Social-Cultural Psychology
    the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking
  18. Psychometrics
    the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attidutes and traits
  19. Basic Research
    pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
  20. Developmental Psychology
    the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
  21. Educational Psychology
    the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning
  22. personality Psychology
    the study of an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting
  23. Social Psychology
    the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
  24. Applied research
    scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
  25. Industiral-organizational (I/O) Psychology
    the application of psychological conecpts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
  26. Human factors psychology
    the study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and enviornments
  27. Counseling Psychology
    a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being
  28. Clinical Psychology
    a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
  29. Psychiatry
    a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
  30. SQ3R
    Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review
  31. Behavioral Psychology
    the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning