vocab

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vocab
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  1. circumlocution
    • (sur-kuhm-loh-kyoo-shuhn) -noun
    • 1. a roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.
    • 2. a roundabout expression.
  2. esoterica
    • [es-uh-ter-i-kuh]plural noun
    • 1. things understood by or meant for a select few; recondite matters or items.
    • 2. curiosa (  def 1 ) .
  3. clandestine
    • [klan-des-tin] adjective
    • characterized by, done in, or executed with secrecy or concealment, especially for purposes of subversion or deception; private or surreptitious: Their clandestine meetings went undiscovered for two years.
  4. aquiline
    • [ak-wuh-lahyn, -lin] adjective
    • 1. (of the nose) shaped like an eagle's beak; hooked.
    • 2. of or like the eagle.
  5. patrician
    • [puh-trish-uhn] noun
    • 1. a person of noble or high rank; aristocrat. 2. a person of very good background, education, and refinement.
    • 3. a member of the original senatorial aristocracy in ancient Rome.
    • 4. (under the later Roman and Byzantine empires) a title or dignity conferred by the emperor.
    • 5. a member of a hereditary ruling class in certain medieval German, Swiss, and Italian free cities.
  6. mellifluous
    • [muh-lif-loo-uhs] adjective
    • 1. sweetly or smoothly flowing; sweet-sounding: a mellifluous voice; mellifluous tones.
    • 2. flowing with honey; sweetened with or as if with honey.
  7. summation
    • [suh-mey-shuhn]  noun
    • 1. the act or process of summing.
    • 2. the result of this; an aggregate or total.
    • 3. a review or recapitulation of previously stated facts or statements, often with a final conclusion or conclusions drawn from them. 4. Law. the final arguments of opposing attorneys before a case goes to the jury.
    • 5. Physiology . the arousal of impulses by a rapid succession of stimuli, carried either by separate sensory neurons (spatial summation)  or by the same sensory neuron (temporal summation)
  8. innocuous
    • [ih-nok-yoo-uhs] adjective
    • 1. not harmful or injurious; harmless: an innocuous home remedy.
    • 2. not likely to irritate or offend; inoffensive; an innocuous remark.
    • 3. not interesting, stimulating, or significant; pallid; insipid: an innocuous novel.
  9. courtesan
    • [kawr-tuh-zuhn, kohr-, kur-] noun
    • a prostitute or paramour, especially one associating with noblemen or men of wealth.
  10. surreptitious
    • [sur-uhp-tish-uhs] adjective
    • 1. obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine: a surreptitious glance.
    • 2. acting in a stealthy way.
    • 3. obtained by subreption; subreptitious.
  11. Sisyphean
  12.  sis-uh-FEE-uhn, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. endless and unavailing, as labor or a task.
    • 2. of or pertaining to Sisyphus.
    •  
    • Alongside the futile Sisyphean trials of his fellow men, the song of suicide could only beckon. But again, he said no.
    • -- Claire Messud, The Last Life, 2000
  13. integrant
  14.  IN-ti-gruhnt, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. making up or being a part of a whole; constituent.
    •  
    • noun:
    • 1. an integrant part.
    • 2. a solid, rigid sheet of building material composed of several layers of the same or of different materials.
    •  
    • First-class relics were taken from the body or any of its integrant parts, such as limbs, ashes, and bones.
    • -- Alice Fulton, The Nightingales of Troy, 2010
  15. rifacimento
  16.  ri-fah-chi-MEN-toh; It. ree-fah-chee-MEN-taw, noun:
    •  
    • a recast or adaptation, as of a literary or musical work.
    •  
    • It is not a rifacimento of compliments; such is not the style with which I am saluted by the Duke of Doze and the Earl of Leatherdale!
    • -- Benjamin Disraeli, Vivian Grey, 1906
    •  
  17. fribble
  18. FRIB-uhl, verb:
    •  
    • 1. to act in a foolish or frivolous manner; trifle.
    • 2. to waste foolishly (often followed by away): He fribbled away one opportunity after another.
    •  
    • noun:
    • 1. a foolish or frivolous person; trifler.
    • 2. anything trifling or frivolous.
    • 3. frivolousness.
    •  
    • adjective:
    • 1. frivolous; foolish; trifling.
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • When a little recovered, he fribbled with his waistcoat buttons, as if he had been telling his beads.
    • -- Samuel Richardson, Clarrisa, 1748
  19. scabrous
  20.  SKAB-ruhs, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. full of difficulties.
    • 2. having a rough surface because of minute points or projections.
    • 3. indecent or scandalous; risqué; obscene: scabrous books.
    •  
    • The old divorce case had been revived by a journalist. It was moderately scabrous. It had been with the wife of a still-prominent Tory politician.
    • -- C. P. Snow, In Their Wisdom, 2000
    • He had amused her with the exacting nature of his questions, and his demands that she should include even the most scabrous details in her accounts.
    • -- Sarah Shun-lien Bynum, Madeline is Sleeping, 2005
  21. Accrete
  22.   uh-KREET, verb:
    • 1. to grow together; adhere (usually followed by to).
    • 2. to add, as by growth.
    •  
    • adjective:
    • 1. Botany. grown together.
    •  
    • Most things accrete that don't gradually crumble, rust or evaporate.
    • -- Iain M. Banks, The Hydrogen Sonata, 2012
    •  
  23. edacity 
  24.            ih-DAS-i-tee, noun:  the state of being edacious; voraciousness; appetite.
    •                        
    •                         Craving can be defined as a compelling and overwhelming edacity for a particular substance.
    •                         -- Robert T. Ammerman, Peggy J. Ott, and Ralph E. Tarter, Prevention and Societal Impact of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1999
  25. muster
  26. MUHS-ter, verb:       1. to gather, summon, rouse (often followed by up): He mustered all his courage.
    •                         2. to assemble (troops, a ship's crew, etc.), as for battle, display, inspection, orders, or discharge.
    •                         3. to assemble for inspection, service, etc., as troops or forces.
    •                         4. to come together; collect; assemble; gather.
    •                         She stopped at one point and shut her eyes, trying to muster her strength.
    •                         -- Terry Brooks, High Druid of Shannara, 2005
  27. vilify
  28.     VIL-uh-fahy, verb:   1. to speak ill of; defame; slander.
    •                         2. Obsolete. to make vile.
    •                        
    •                         Mr. Tallboys [chanting]: “O all ye children of men, curse ye the Lord, curse Him and vilify Him for ever!”                        -- George Orwell, A Clergyman's Daughter, 1935
  29. gobbet
  30.  GOB-it, noun:
    •  
    • 1. a lump or mass.
    • 2. a fragment or piece, especially of raw flesh.
    •  
    • A man at the window of another building spat, the gobbet of phlegm falling on the dirty pavement by Hermogenes' feet.
    • -- Gillian Bradshaw, Render Unto Caesar, 2004
    • The glowing, faceted eyes glared at me, the mouth opened and spat out a gobbet of flame.
    • -- Sergei Lukyanenko, Last Watch, 2009 
    •  
  31. bushwa
     BOOSH-wah, -waw, noun:   rubbishy nonsense; baloney; bull: You'll hear a lot of boring bushwa about his mechanical skill.   “Bushwa,” she said. “'Bushwa'?” I echoed scornfully. “I suppose that's the high level of intellectual discourse one might expect from the author of the Polly Madison books." -- Kurt Vonnegut, Bluebeard, 2009
  32. sidle
  33.  SAHYD-l, verb:
    •  
    • 1. to move sideways or obliquely.
    • 2. to edge along furtively.
    •  
    • noun:
    • 1. a sidling movement.
    •  
    • I don't want to sidle up to the wrong man. Not that I'd really know how to sidle.
    • -- Alexander McCall Smith, The Lost Art of Gratitude, 2009
  34. dispositive
  35. dih-SPOZ-i-tiv, adjective:
    •  
    • involving or affecting disposition or settlement: a dispositive clue in a case of embezzlement.
    •  
    • Perhaps it had been a hallucination, or it was a false memory. Boggs had even predicted that later Ellis would doubt the incident had even happened—which seemed dispositive toward the dead man's reality…
    • -- Nick Arvin, The Reconstructionist, 2012
    • Looks and charm were often dispositive, the more attractive partner sailing on to other waters.
    • -- Louis Begley, About Schmidt, 1996
  36. cyclopean
  37.  sahy-kluh-PEE-uhn, sahy-KLOP-ee-uhn, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. (sometimes lowercase) gigantic; vast.
    • 2. of or characteristic of the Cyclops.
    • 3. (usually lowercase) Architecture, Building Trades. formed with or containing large, undressed stones fitted closely together without the use of mortar: a cyclopean wall.
    •  
    • Together in this greater self they felt the headway of the long, low hull, the prodigious heart glow of the hungry fires, the cyclopean push of steam in eight vast boilers, the pulsing click and travail of the engines...
    • -- George Washington Cable, Gideon's Band, 1915
    • On his return, he threw himself into the cyclopean labour of clearing, ploughing and planting the virgin territory he'd inherited; it was in the far south-west of the island, an area known as Terrenos de Sio Miguel.
    • -- Miguel Sousa Tavares, Equator, 2009
  38. esse
  39.  ES-se; Eng. ES-ee, noun:
    •  
    • being; existence.
    •  
    • The esse of the life of every man, which he has from his father, is called the soul, and the existence of life thence derived is called the body.
    • -- Emanuel Swedenborg, The Earths in Our Solar System, 1758
  40. coaptation
  41.  koh-ap-TEY-shuhn, noun:
    •  
    • a joining or adjustment of parts to one another: the coaptation of a broken bone.
    •  
    • ...though nothing be declared thereby of the structure and coaptation of the spring, wheels, balance, etc. and the manner how they act on one another so as to make the needle point out the true time of day.
    • -- Aldous Huxley, Complete Essays, Vol. 4, 1936-1938
  42. dreck
  43.  drek, noun:
    •  
    • 1. worthless trash; junk.
    • 2. excrement; dung.
    •  
    • Though composed rapidly, it's a better elegy than Milton's to Edward King or Shelley's on the death of John Keats, which is pure dreck—revolting, sentimental dreck.
    • -- Joseph Heller, God Knows, 1997
  44. additament
  45.  uh-DIT-uh-muhnt, noun:
    •  
    • something added; an addition.
    •  
    • Secondly, with an additament, wherein brimstone is approved to help to the melting of iron or steel.
    • -- Francis Bacon, "Physiological Remains," The Works of Lord Bacon, 1838
  46. bemused
  47.  bih-MYOOZD, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. bewildered or confused.
    • 2. lost in thought; preoccupied.
    •  
    • He was not only bemused by the voice he had heard. He was bemused by to the very grandeur of the position which he aspired.
    • -- Robert Penn Warren, All the King's Men, 1946+
  48. lam
  49. lam, verb:
    •  
    • 1. to beat; thrash.
    • 2. to beat; strike; thrash (usually followed by out or into).
    •  
    • Like kingpins, one steel tier lammed into another, then they all crashed to the floor with a sound as of the roof falling.
    • -- Richard Wright, Black Boy, 1945
    • That was just before he lammed out—the time he knocked off that crumb from uptown. I remember once when Harry cut up a guy so bad, the guy couldn't walk.
    • -- Ed McBain, Learning to Kill, 2006
  50. rarefied
  51.  RAIR-uh-fahyd, adjective:
    •  
    • 1. extremely high or elevated; lofty; exalted: the rarefied atmosphere of a scholarly symposium.
    • 2. of, belonging to, or appealing to an exclusive group; select; esoteric: rarefied tastes.
    •  
    • A fire then being made in any chimney, the air over the fire is rarefied by the heat, becomes lighter and therefore immediately rises in the funnel, and goes out...
    • -- Benjamin Franklin, Observations and Experiments, 1744-1785
    • She and Adam had one thing in common--they were both fine-drawn and rarefied--not much clogged with fleshly appetites.
    • -- John Buchan, A Prince of Captivity, 1933
  52. waif
  53. weyf, noun:
  54. 1. a person, especially a child, who has no home or friends.
    • 2. something found, especially a stray animal, whose owner is not known.
    • 3. a stray item or article: to gather waifs of gossip.
    • 4. Nautical. waft.
    •  
    • Cadet Blanchet almost forgot his rancour and no one at the mill knew of Mother Zabelle's project to send the waif back to the foundling hospital.
    • -- George Sand, The Country Waif, 1930
    • It wasn't any one thing that made a waif. Isobel was sure of that. It wasn't being crippled, or being in disgrace, or even not being married. It was a shameful thing to be a waif, but it was also mysterious.
    • -- Maeve Brennan, The Rose Garden: Short Stories, 2000
  55. dissilient
  56. dih-SIL-ee-uhnt\, adjective:
    • bursting apart; bursting open.
    • I imagined the dissilient pod of rumours a creative
    • bureau chief up for promotion might hatch. Stories, once sprung, would snowball
    • out of control, growing more damaging with each repetition.-- Susan Daitch,
    • L.C., 2002
  57. fleer
  58. \fleer\, verb:
    • 1. to grin or laugh coarsely or mockingly.2. to mock or
    • deride.3. a fleering look; a jeer or gibe.
    • Talley's lips fleer back, baring his teeth.--
    • David L. Robbins, Scorched Earth, 2009

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