*M16/A2 (FM 3-22.7)
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FM concerning M16/A2 Rifle?
What is the first thing you do when handling a weapon?
Five Phases of Basic Rifle Marksmanship?
- 1. Preliminary Rifle Instruction
- 2. Downrange Feedback
- 3. Field Fire
- 4. Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
- 5. Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
it provides immediate feedback is available to critique the soldier
Four fundamentals of marksmanship?
- 1. steady position
- 2. proper aim
- 3. breathing
- 4. trigger squeeze
The only two positions taught during Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI) are?
- 1. individual foxhole supported
- 2. basic prone unsupported
two basic elements of the sight picture
- 1. sight alignment
- 2. Placing of the Aiming Point
What does SPORTS stand for?
Slap, pull, observe, release, tap, squeeze
what is remedial action?
the continuing effort to determine the cause of stoppage and clear it
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action
- 1. try to place the weapon on safe
- 2. Remove the magazine
- 3. Lock the bolt to the rear
- 4. Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe proper procedure for applying immediate action on M16/A2
- 1. Slap magazine
- 2. Pull charging handle to the rear
- 3. observe for ejection of round
- 4. Release charging handle
- 5. tap forward assist
- 6. squeeze the trigger and try to fire rifle
What type of action is SPORTS?
define immediate action
quickly applying a possible correction to continue firing
How many times should immediate action be applied?
once, if weapon fails to fire apply remedial action
weapon not firing due to stoppage because of a failure of the magazine or ammo
name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2
- 1. failure to feed, chamber or lock
- 2. failure to fire cartridge
- 3. Failure to extract
- 4. Failure to eject
the failure to complete the cycle of operation
how do you clear a stoppage?
apply immediate or remedial action
define maximum effective range?
greatest distance expected to deliver a target hit
What is CLP?
Cleaner, lubricant, preservative
describe the M16/A2
a 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three round burst, hand held shoulder fired weapon
what are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used in the M16/A2
- 1. Ball
- 2. Trace
- 4. Blank
- 5. Ball (green tip)
- 6. Tracer (Red tip)
- 7. short range training ammunition (plastic with blue tip)
describe weights of M16/A2
- 7.78 without magazine and sling
- 8.48 with sling and loaded 20 round mag
- 8.79 with sling and loaded 30 round mag
what are the max effective rates of fire for M16/A2?
- Semiautomatic- 45 rounds per min
- Burst - 90 rounds per min
- Sustained - 12- 15 rounds per min
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