Anatomy Latin Prefixes Suffixes

Card Set Information

Author:
Ballzack
ID:
230305
Filename:
Anatomy Latin Prefixes Suffixes
Updated:
2013-08-18 01:18:10
Tags:
Prefixes Suffixes
Folders:

Description:
common anatomy prefixes and suffixes
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Ballzack on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. a-
    • without, lack of
    • Asymptomatic (lack of symptoms)
  2. ab-
    • away from 
    • abstinence (to hold back from)
  3. acou-
    • hearing 
    • acoustics (science of sound)
  4. -ac, -al
    • pertaining to 
    • cardiac (the heart), myocardial (heart muscle)
  5. ad-
    • to, toward, near to
    • adduction (movement toward the midline)
  6. aden-, adeno-
    • gland
    • adenoma (tumor of a gland)
  7. af-
    • toward
    • afferent (moving toward)
  8. albi-
    • white
    • albinuria (passing of pale or white urine)
  9. -algia
    • painful condition
    • myalgia (muscle pain)
  10. an-
    • without, lack of
    • anesthesia (absence of pain)
  11. andro-
    • male
    • androgen (male hormone)
  12. angi-, angio-
    • vessel
    • angiopathy (disease of blood vessels)
  13. ante-
    • before
    • antepartum (before birth)
  14. anti-
    • against 
    • anticoagulant (prevents blood clotting)
  15. apo-
    • separated from, off
    • apodia (congenital absence of feet)
  16. arthr-, arthro-
    • joint
    • arthritis (inflammation of a joint)
  17. -ary
    • associated with
    • urinary (associated with the urine)
  18. -asis, -asia
    • condition or state of 
    • homeostasis (state of metabolic balance)
  19. audio-
    • hearing
    • auditory (belonging to the hearing sense)
  20. auri-
    • ear
    • auricle (ear-shaped structure)
  21. auto-
    • self
    • autolysis (self breakdown)
  22. baro-
    • weight, pressure
    • baroreceptor (receptor for pressure changes)
  23. bi-
    • twice, double
    • bicuspid (two cusps)
  24. -blast
    • germ, bud
    • chondroblast (cartilage producing cell)
  25. brachi-
    • arm
    • brachial (of the arm)
  26. brady-
    • slow
    • bradycardia (slow heart rate)
  27. bucc-
    • cheek
    • buccal cavity (inside cheek region)
  28. carcin-
    • cancer
    • carcinogenic (causing cancer)
  29. cardio-
    • heart
    • cardiology (study of the heart)
  30. caud-
    • tail
    • caudal (by the tail)
  31. cephal-
    • head
    • cephalic (by the head)
  32. cephal-
    • head
    • cephalic (by the head)
  33. cerebro-
    • brain 
    • cerebrospinal (of the brain and spinal cord)
  34. chondro-
    • cartilage
    • chondrocyte (cartilage cell)
  35. -cide
    • kill
    • spermicide (agent that kills sperm)
  36. circum-
    • around
    • circumduction (movement forming a circle)
  37. -clast
    • break
    • osteoclast (cell the breaks down bone)
  38. co-, com-
    • with, together
    • cooperate, gray commissure (connects rt/lt horns)
  39. contra-
    • against, opposite
    • contralateral (opposite side)
  40. cost-
    • rib
    • intercostals (between the rib)
  41. crani-
    • skull
    • crainial cavity (where the brain is located)
  42. cune-
    • wedge
    • cuneiform (wedge shaped)
  43. cuti-
    • skin
    • subcutaneous (under the skin)
  44. cyan-
    • blue color
    • cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin)
  45. cysti-, cysto-
    • sac, bladder
    • cystoscope (instrument for examining the inside of a bladder)
  46. -cyte, -cyto
    • cell
    • erythrocyte (red blood cell), cytology (study of cells)
  47. demi-
    • half 
    • costal demifacet (half-moon facet on vertebra for rib articulation)
  48. di-, diplo-
    • two
    • diploid (two sets of chromosomes)
  49. duct-, -duct
    • lead, draw
    • ovarian duct, adduct (toward midline)
  50. dur-
    • hard
    • dura mater (tough menix of CNS)
  51. dys-
    • painful, difficult, bad
    • dysuria (painful urination)
  52. e-, ec-, ef-, ex-,
    • out, from
    • efferent (carries away from), excretion (eliminate)
  53. ecto-
    • outside, outer
    • ectocardia (displacement of heart)
  54. -ectomy
    • to cut out
    • appendectomy (removal of appendix)
  55. ede-, -edem
    • swelling
    • myoedemia (muscle swelling)
  56. -el, -elle
    • small
    • organelle (tiny structure that performs cell function)
  57. endo-
    • within
    • endocardium (lining within heart chambers)
  58. entero-
    • intestine
    • enteritis (inflammation of intestines)
  59. epi-
    • above, on
    • epicardium (membrane covering heart)
  60. ex-, exo-,
    • outside
    • exhale (breath out), exocrine (gland that secretes to the outside)
  61. extra-
    • outside
    • extracellular (outside the cell)
  62. -ferent
    • carry
    • afferent (carries toward)
  63. -form
    • resembling, shape of
    • fusiform (spindle shaped)
  64. gastr-, gastro-
    • stomach
    • gastric ulcer (stomach ulcer)
  65. -genesis, -genic
    • produce, orgin 
    • gluconeogenesis (glucose from another molecule), carcinogenic (causes cancer)
  66. gloss-, glosso-
    • tongue
    • hypoglossal (under tongue)
  67. glyco-
    • sugar, sweet
    • glycolysis
  68. gyn-
    • female, woman
    • gynecology (treatment of female reproductive organs)
  69. haplo-
    • single
    • haploid (single set of chromosomes)
  70. hem-, hemato-
    • blood 
    • hematology (study of blood)
  71. hepato-
    • liver
    • hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)
  72. hetero-
    • different 
    • heterosexual (involving different sexes)
  73. histo-, hist-
    • tissue
    • histology (study of tissues)
  74. homo-, homeo-
    • same
    • homeostasis (constancy of body parameters)
  75. hydro-
    • water 
    • hydroadipsia (absence of thirst for water)
  76. hyper-
    • above, over
    • hypertrophy (overgrowth of cells or part)
  77. hypo-
    • under, below
    • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  78. idio-
    • self, distinct
    • idiopathic (disease of unknown cause)
  79. infra-
    • below
    • infraspinatus (below the spine of scapula)
  80. inter-
    • between
    • interosseous (between two bones)
  81. intra-
    • within 
    • intracellular (within the cell)
  82. -issimus
    • greatest
    • latissimus (widest)
  83. iso-
    • equal, same
    • isotonic (same concentration)
  84. -itis
    • inflammation
    • neuritis (inflammation of nerve)
  85. juxta-
    • near
    • juxtaglomerular (near the glomerulus)
  86. labi-
    • lip
    • labia major (thickened folds of skin in female external genitalia)
  87. lacto-
    • milk
    • lactose (milk sugar)
  88. leuko-
    • white 
    • leukocyte (white blood cell)
  89. lip-
    • fat
    • liposuction (removal of fat from an area)
  90. -ology
    • study of
    • urology (study of urinary system)
  91. -lysis
    • breaking up, dissolve
    • hemolysis (breaking up of erythrocytes)
  92. macro-
    • large
    • macrophage (certain large leukocyte)
  93. mamm-, mast-
    • breast
    • mammary gland, mastectomy ( breast removal)
  94. medi-
    • middle
    • medial (towards the midline)
  95. melano-
    • black 
    • melanocyte (dark pigment-producing cell)
  96. -mers, -meres
    • parts
    • polymers (larger molecules made of monomers)
  97. meta-
    • after, beyond
    • metastasis (beyond the original position)
  98. micro-
    • small
    • microorganism (very small organism)
  99. mono-
    • single, one
    • monomer (a single part)
  100. morph-
    • form, shape
    • morphology (study of shape)
  101. myo-
    • muscle
    • myometrium (muscular wall of uterus)
  102. necro-
    • dead
    • necrotic (dead tissue)
  103. neo-
    • new
    • neonatal (new born)
  104. nephro-
    • kidney
    • nephrology (study of kidney)
  105. neuro-
    • nerve
    • neurilemma (nerve cell membrane)
  106. oculo-, ophthalm-
    • eye
    • oculomoter (movement of the eye), ophthalmology (study of the eye)
  107. odonto-
    • tooth
    • odontoid (shaped like a tooth)
  108. -ole
    • little
    • arteriole (small artery like vessel)
  109. oligo-
    • few, little, deficient 
    • oliguria (little urine output)
  110. -oma
    • tumor
    • carcinoma (cancerous tumor)
  111. oo-
    • egg
    • oocyte (egg cell)
  112. -osis
    • condition of 
    • osteoporosis (having bones that are porous)
  113. osse-, osteo-
    • bone
    • osteoblast (bone-forming cell)
  114. oto-
    • ear
    • otogenic (originating within the ear)
  115. para-
    • near, beside
    • paranasal (by the nose)
  116. -pathy
    • disease
    • neuropathy (nerve disease)
  117. pelv-
    • basin
    • renal pelvis (collection area in kidney)
  118. -penia
    • deficiency 
    • leucopenia (deficiency of leukocytes)
  119. peri-
    • around
    • perioosteum (membrane covering bone)
  120. phag-
    • eat
    • phagocytosis (cellular eating)
  121. phil-
    • have an affinity for 
    • lipophilic (associates with fat)
  122. -plegia
    • paralyze, stroke
    • paraplegia (paralysis of lower extremities)
  123. pneumo-
    • air, gas, lungs
    • pneumothorax (air in pleural cavity)
  124. -poiesis
    • make, formation of
    • erythropoietin (hormone that stimulates erythrocyte production)
  125. poly-
    • many
    • polycythemia (excess erythrocytes)
  126. post-
    • after
    • postnatal (after birth)
  127. pre-
    • before in time, place
    • prenatal (before birth)
  128. pro-
    • before in time, place
    • prosect (to cut for demonstration)
  129. pseudo-
    • false
    • pseudostratified (not truly layered)
  130. quad-
    • fourfold
    • quadriceps femoris (4-headed muscle of anterior thigh)
  131. rami-
    • branch
    • ramus (primary division of a nerve)
  132. rect-
    • straight
    • rectus abdominis (straight muscle of abdomen)
  133. reno-
    • kidney
    • renal (of the kidney)
  134. retro-
    • backward, behind
    • retroperitoneal (posterior to peritoneum)
  135. sclera-
    • hard
    • arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
  136. semi-
    • half
    • semilunar (half moon shaped)
  137. serrate-
    • saw edged
    • serratus anterior (muscle of thorax)
  138. somato-
    • body
    • somatotropin (growth hormone)
  139. steno-
    • narrow
    • stenosis (narrowing of opening)
  140. sterno-
    • breast, chest
    • sternum (bone over heart and medial to ribs)
  141. stria-
    • stripe
    • striated (showing stripes or lines)
  142. sub-
    • under
    • subcutaneous (under the skin)
  143. super-, supra-
    • above, upper
    • supercilia (upper brows)
  144. sym-, syn-
    • together, with 
    • symphysis (growhing together)
  145. tachy-
    • fast
    • tachycardia (rapid heart rate)
  146. therm-
    • heat
    • thermometer (tool to measure temperature)
  147. thorac-
    • chest
    • thoracic cavity (body cavity containing heart lungs)
  148. thrombo-
    • blood clot
    • thrombocyte (platelet)
  149. -tomy
    • cut, incise
    • appendectomy (removal of appendix)
  150. topo-
    • place, position
    • ectopic (being out of position)
  151. trans-
    • across
    • transdermal (across the skin)
  152. tri-
    • three
    • triceps brachii (three headed muscle)
  153. -tropic
    • influencing
    • gonadotropic (effecting the gonads)
  154. tunica-
    • layer, coat
    • tunica interna (inner part of blood vessel)
  155. ultra-
    • beyond excess
    • ultradian (more than every 24 hours)
  156. uni-
    • one
    • unicellular (single cell)
  157. -uria
    • urine
    • polyuria (excess urine)
  158. vas-
    • vessel
    • vasodilation (widening of lumen of blood vessel)
  159. vertebra-
    • spine
    • vertebrae (bones of the spine)
  160. villo-
    • hair
    • microvillia (minute projections of cell membrane)
  161. viscer-
    • internal organ
    • visceral (of the internal organs)
  162. zyg-
    • yoked, paired, union
    • azygos (unpaired anatomical structure)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview