VMED 5123

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bekahann2017
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230340
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VMED 5123
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2013-08-18 12:51:40
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VMED 5123 Terminology
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VMED 5123 Terminology Exam 1
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  1. Vastus
    Great
  2. Longissimus
    longest
  3. Longus
    long
  4. Latissimus
    widest
  5. Posterior
    near the rear
  6. Anterior
    near the front
  7. Teres
    long and round
  8. Profundus
    deep
  9. Minor
    smaller
  10. Minimus
    smallest
  11. Maximus
    largest
  12. Major
    larger
  13. Magnus
    large
  14. Intrinsic
    inside, within
  15. pyramidal
    pyramid
  16. Internus
    deep, internal
  17. Gracilis
    slender
  18. Extrinsic
    outside
  19. Externus
    superficial
  20. Brevis
    short
  21. Alba
    white
  22. Uro
    urinary
  23. Tibialis
    tibia
  24. Ulnaris
    ulna
  25. Thoracis
    thoracic region
  26. Temporalis
    temples
  27. Scapularis
    scapula
  28. Radialis
    radius
  29. Psoas
    loin
  30. Popliteus
    behind the knee
  31. Pollicis
    thumb
  32. Palpebrae
    eyelid
  33. Oris
    mouth
  34. Oculo
    eye
  35. Nuchal
    back of neck
  36. Nasalis
    nose
  37. Lumborum
    lumbar region
  38. Inguinal
    groin
  39. Ilio
    ilium
  40. Hallucis
    great toe
  41. Glossal
    tongue
  42. Genio
    chin
  43. Femoris
    femur
  44. Cutaneous
    skin
  45. Costalis
    ribs
  46. Coccygeus
    coccyx
  47. Cleido/Clavius
    clavicle
  48. Cervicis
    neck
  49. Carpi
    wrist
  50. Capitis
    head
  51. Brachialis
    brachium
  52. Auricularis
    ear
  53. Anconeus
    elbow
  54. Abdominis
    abdomen
  55. Trapezius
    diamond, trapezoid shaped
  56. Tendinosus
    tendinous
  57. Splenius
    bandage
  58. Serratus
    serrated
  59. Rhomboideus
    rhomboid
  60. Platy
    flat
  61. Piriformis
    pear shaped
  62. Pectinate
    comb-like
  63. Orbicularis
    circle
  64. Deltoid
    triangle
  65. the central line of the body or any of its parts
    axis
  66. of, pertaining to, or relative to the axis. In reference to the digits, the functional axis of the limb passes between the 3rd and 4th digits.
    axial, abaxial
  67. plamar/plantar pairs with what term?
    dorsal
  68. __________=fibular and is used interchangeably when discussing muscles and nerves
    peroneal
  69. on the corresponding sides of the leg (crus), the __________ side being medial and the __________ side being lateral.
    Tibial or Fibular; tibial;fibular
  70. on that side of the forearm in which the ulna is located
    ulnar
  71. on that side of the forearm (antebrachium) in which the radium is located
    radial
  72. away from the main mass or origin; in the limbs and tail, the free end. (toward the paw)
    distal
  73. relatively near the main mass or origin; in the limbs and tail, the attached end. (toward the belly)
    proximal
  74. the study of abnormal development
    Teratology
  75. the study of the development of an individual from zygote to adult
    Developmental Anatomy
  76. the study of the development of an individual from fertilized oocyte to birth
    Embryology
  77. deviation of normal. Relates to disease.
    Pathological Anatomy
  78. the study of structures with an electron microscope
    Ultrastructural Anatomy
  79. the study of structures too small to be seen without a light microscope
    Microscopic Anatomy
  80. application of anatomy to diagnosis and treatment of pathological conditions
    Applied Anatomy
  81. anatomy of one part in relation to other parts of the body
    Topographical Anatomy
  82. study of structures that can be dissected and observed with the unaided eye
    Gross Anatomy
  83. that branch of knowledge concerned with the structure of the animal body and the relation of its parts. All aspects deal with form and function of body tissue.
    Anatomy
  84. ana + temein
    Greek; meaning "to cut up"
  85. the origin of a word and the historical development of its meaning
    Etymology
  86. pertaining to or situated on the opposite side
    contralateral
  87. pertaining to or situated on the same side
    Ipsilateral
  88. pertaining to the mouth
    oral
  89. away from the mouth
    aboral
  90. bottom surface of the forepaw
    palmar
  91. bottom surface of the hindpaw
    plantar
  92. situated on or near the surface
    superficial
  93. farther away from the point of origin (situated farther away from the surface)
    deep
  94. pertaining to or deriving from an axis
    axial
  95. situated away from an axis
    abaxial
  96. situated between
    intermediate
  97. pertaining to the maxilla
    maxillary
  98. emanating from or pertaining to the mandible
    mandibular
  99. situated towards the midline
    medial
  100. farther away from the median plane
    lateral
  101. towards the backbone
    dorsal
  102. towards the belly surface
    ventral
  103. towards the rostrum or beak
    rostral
  104. situated above or directed upward
    Superior
  105. situated below or directed downward
    inferior
  106. situated or directed toward the front
    anterior
  107. directed toward or situated at the back/rear
    posterior
  108. towards the head
    cranial
  109. towards the tail
    caudal
  110. sections the trunk or other part parallel to the dorsal surface
    Dorsal plane
  111. planes situated at right angles to the long axis of the body
    Transverse plane
  112. beside the midplane.
    Paramedian plane
  113. plane of section parallel to the median plane of the body
    Saggital plane
  114. the medial plane
    midsaggital plane
  115. perpendicular line that divides an area into two equal right and left sides
    Median plane
  116. the action of bending or condition of being bent. The bending of a limb or joint so that angle formed is reduced.
    Flexion
  117. the movement of one bone upon another such that the angle formed at their joint is increased.
    Extension
  118. extension beyond 180 degrees
    overextension
  119. the movement of a part away from the median plane
    abduction

    ab=absent or away
  120. the movement of a part toward the median plane
    adduction

    "add 2 things together"
  121. the movement of a part when outlining the surface of a cone (eg., the arm extended drawing a circle)
    circumduction
  122. the movement of a part around its long axis. the direction of its long axis is designated by the direction of movement of its cranial or dorsal surface.
    rotation
  123. lateral rotation of the  appendages so that the palmer/plantar surface of the paw faces medially
    supination

    carry a cup of "soup"
  124. medial rotation of the appendages from the supine postition so that the palmar/plantar surface will face the substrate
    pronation
  125. the arm region between the shoulder and elbow
    brachium
  126. the forearm region (between the elbow and carpus)
    antebrachium

    (antechambers are rooms in front of rooms; radius/ulna are in front of the humerus)
  127. leg region (between the stifle and tarsus;tibia and fibula, does not include pelvic limb)
    crus

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