Card Set Information
Info for tests
What is the normal Respiratory rate for an infant, toddler, pre-school & school-age?
School age 18-30
What are the Normal Heart Rate?
< 3 months 80-205
3 months - 2 years 75-190
2-10 years 60-140
10 + years 50-100
Hypotension by SBP
< 1 month <60
1 month - 1 year <70
1-10 years <70
10 + years <90
Hypotension + signs of poor perfusion is?
What are the 6 "H's"?
What are the 5 "T's"?
Thrombosis -Coronary (AMI), Pulmonary (PE)
What is a rapid cardiopulmonary assesment?
It's a systematic head to-toe approach used to identify infants and children in respiratory distress and failure, shock and pulseless arrest
What does AVPU stand for?
V=responds to verbal
P=responds to pain
What are the ABC's?
Breathing what are you looking for
: present - absent
: normal - slow -fast
: regular - irregular - gasping
: normal shallow deep
: stridor grunting wheezing
: nasal flaring sternal retractions accessory muscles
Circulation what are you looking for?
Circulation: central pulses
: present absent Rate: normal slow fast
: regular irregular
: narrow wide
The liver is palpated where?
At the costal margin
When the liver is palpated below the costal margin what does this mean?
What is the normal urine output for infants, children & adolescents?
infant & children=1-2 cc/kg/hr
adolesencents= 30 cc/hr
What is the difference between stable vs unstable?
: needs little support reassess frequently
: needs immediate support & intervention
What is respiratory distress &respiratory failure?
increased heart rate, effort and noise of
requires much energy
slow or absent rate, weak or no effort
SBP acceptable for age
perfusion is poor
central vs peripheral pulses are unequal
peripheral color is poor
capillary refill is > 2 sec
Systolic hypotension with poor or absent pulses
weak compensatory effort
How do you determine the correct ET tube size?
Cuffed vs uncuffed
: (age in years/4)+4
: (age in yrs/4)+3
What is DOPE?
-drug of choice for bradycardia after oxygen &
-increases heart rate, PVR & CO
-during CPR it increases the myocardial &
cerebral blood flow
-used during cardiac arrest
0.01mg/kg (0.1ml/kg) Q 3-5 min
antiarrthmic (atrial & ventricular antiarrhythmic)
-slows AV nodal & ventricular conduction
-increases the QT interval
: 5mg/kg bolus
: 5mg/kg over 20-60 min
: 5mg/kg over 20-60min
: 15mg/24 hrs
: hypotension Torsades half life up to 40 days
Ventricular anti-arrythmic when amiodarone is unavaialble
decreases ventricular automaticity conduction & repolarization
: 1mg/kg bolus Q 5-15min
: 1mg/kg bolus Q 5-15min
: 20-50 mcg/kg/min
: neuro toxicity leading to seizures
-Ventricular anti-arrhythmic for Torsades &
: 25-50 mg/kg over 10-20 min
: 2 gm
can cause AV Block