AP US Government Ch. 1

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AP US Government Ch. 1
2013-08-18 14:11:49
Government America

Key Terms and Concepts Ch. 1
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  1. Democracy
    a means of selecting policy makers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences
  2. Elite and Class Theory
    argues that society is divided along class lines and that an upper class elite rules on the basis of its wealth
  3. Government
    Institutions that make public policy for a society
  4. Gross Domestic Product
    the total value of all goods and services produced annually by the United States
  5. Hyperpluralism
    argues that too many strong influential groups cripple the government's ability to make coherent policy by dividing government and its authority
  6. Individualism
    a belief that individual problems can be solved by individual, not governmental, solutions
  7. Linkage Institutions
    institutions such as parties, elections, interest groups, and the media which provide a link between the preferences of citizens and the government's policy agenda
  8. Majority Rule
    weighing the desires of the majority in choosing among policy alternatives
  9. Minority Rights
    protecting the rights and freedoms of the minority in choosing among policy alternatives
  10. Pluralist Theory
    argues that there are many centers of influence in which groups compete with with one another for control over public policy through bargaining and compromise
  11. Policy Agenda
    the list of subjects or problems to which people inside and outside government are paying serious attention at any given time
  12. Policy Gridlock
    where each interest uses its influence to thwart policies it opposes so that no coalition forms a majority to establish policy
  13. Policymaking Institutions
    institutions such as Congress, the presidency, and the Courts established by the Constitution to make to make policy
  14. Policymaking System
    institutions of government designed to respond to each other and to the priorities of the people by governmental action
  15. Political Issue
    this arises when people disagree about a problem or about public policy choices made to combat a problem
  16. Political Participation
    the ways in which people get involved in politics
  17. Politics
    determines whom we select as our government leaders and what policies they pursue; in other words who gets what, when, and how
  18. Public Goods
    things that everyone can share
  19. Public Policy
    a choice that government makes in response to some issue on its agenda
  20. Representation
    the relationship between the leaders and the followers
  21. Single-issue Groups
    groups so concerned with one matter that their members cast their votes on the basis of that issue only