SCIENCE UNITS 8

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lauratwinoaks
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230472
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SCIENCE UNITS 8
Updated:
2013-08-21 22:05:26
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SCIENCE UNITS
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SCIENCE UNITS 8
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  1. *TALL PLANT     +     DWARF
    • = HYBRID TALL (100%)
    • HYBRID TALL         +     HYBRID TALL
    • TALL                             SHORT
    • 75%                              25%
  2. *FATHER      GENES
                                    Tall             Tall
    Mothers short
    Mothers short
    • Father genes
    •                                Tall           Tall
    • Mothers short              Ts             Ts
    • Mothers short              Ts             Ts
  3. *Father   
                                             Tall       short
    Mother Tall
    Mother short
    • Father
    •                                          Tall         short
    • Mother Tall                           TT           Ts
    • Mother short                         sT           ss
  4. MOLECULAR GENETICS
    THE STUDY OF THE MECHANISM THAT PASSES GENETIC INFORMATION FROM PARENTS TO OFFSPRING AT THE MOLECULAR LEVEL
  5. *MEIOSIS
    INVOLVES THE REPLICATION OF DNA MOLECULES
  6. PRIOR TO CELL DIVISION
    CHROMOSOMES DIVIDE
  7. GAMITES
    FERTILIZED RESULTS IN A FULL DNA SET
  8. 2 TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACIDS
    • DNA - DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
    • RNA - RIBONUCLEIC ACID
  9. NUCLEIC ACIDS
    • 1.  MOLECULES THAT CARRY & INTERPRET THE GENETIC CODE
    • 2.  GOVERN THE INHERITANCE OF PHYSICAL TRAITS
    • 3.  GOVERN THE BASIC CHEMICAL CELLULAR OPERATIONS
  10. NUCLEIC ACIDS FORMED FROM
    LONG CHAINS OF SUBUNITS CALLED NUCLEOTIDES
  11. *NUCLEOTIDES COMPRISED OF:
    • 1)  PHOSPHATE
    • 2)  SUGAR
    • 3)  BASE
  12. *4 BASES
    • A - ADENINE
    • G - GUANINE
    • C - CYSTOSINE
    • T - THYMINE
  13. *4 POSSIBLE BONDS
    A-
    T-
    C-
    G-
    • A-T
    • T-A
    • C-G
    • G-C
  14. RNA BUILT
    • SAME MANNER AS DNA EXCEPT
    • -U - URICILL BASE REPLACES THYMINE
  15. DNA TRANSCRIPTIONS
    DNA SUPPLIES THE INFORMATION THAT RUNS THE CHEMISTRY WITHIN INDIVIDUAL CELLS
  16. *MESSENGER RNA
    • =mRNA
    • -TRANSCRIBES DNA IN PREPARATION FOR PHOTO SYNTHESIS
  17. *SYNTHESIS OF PROTIENS
    • -TRANSFER RNA = +RNA
    • -READS THE CODED MESSAGE OF mRNA
  18. ORGANELE
    RIBOSOMES
  19. *RIBOSONAL RNA
    ALIGNS mRNA TO tRNA, AIDING IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
  20. PROTEINS FORM
    • THE FOUNDATION FOR MOST BODY FUNCTIONS
    • -CENTRAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  21. ONE GENE CODES FOR
    ONE PROTEIN
  22. GENOME
    SUM TOTAL OF ALL BASE PAIRS IN AN ORGANS DNA
  23. DNA SEQUENCING
    THE PROCESS OF DETERMINING BASE PAIR BY BASE PAIR, THE EXACT ORDER OF BASES ALONG A DNA MOLECURE
  24. *GENETIC ENGINEERING
    FOREIGN GENES ARE INSERTED INTO AN ORGANISM OR EXISTING GENES ARE ALTERED (WHICH MODIFIES THEIR FUNCTION)
  25. *GENETIC ENGINEERING TECHNIQUE
    • 1)  RETRICTION ENZYMES - CUT DNA MOLECULE LEAVING UNATTACHED BASES
    • 2)  ANOTHER CUT STRAND CAN THEN BE INTRODUCED (EX. CORN, INSULIN)
  26. *GENETIC MUTATION
    MISTAKE IN THE ORDERED BASE PAIRS OF A CHROMOSOME (SWITCHED, DROPPED, REPEATED)
  27. *DNA FINGERPRINTING - FORENSICS
    EXCEPT FOR IDENTICAL TWINS, NO TWO HUMANS HAVE THE SAME DNA
  28. *CANCER
    UNREGULATED REPRODUCTION OF CELLS IN TISSUES OR ORGANS
  29. *REGENERATIVE MEDICINES
    USES STEMCELLS

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