Quarter 4 Exam 3 structure module 5

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Author:
bradley.knox
ID:
230523
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Quarter 4 Exam 3 structure module 5
Updated:
2013-08-19 22:57:46
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peritoneum kidney bladder ureter
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kidney bladder ureter peritoneum
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  1. What peritoneal fold contains the inferior epigastric vessels?
    Lateral umbilical fold
  2. What peritoneal fold contains remnants of urachus
    Median umbilical fold
  3. What does the medial umbilical fold contain remnants of
    Umbilical arteries
  4. What is the nerve supply of the peritoneum
    • intercostal nerves peripherally
    • Phrenic nerve centrally
  5. what are the plexus roots of the phrenic nerve
    C3 C4 C5
  6. Where is the omental bursa (lesser sac) located?
    posterior to stomach
  7. How do the greater and lesser sacs communicate
    epiploic foramen
  8. what is the superior border of the epiploic foramen
    caudate lobe (liver)
  9. what is the anterior border of the epiploic foramen
    Portal vein in free edge of lesser omentum
  10. What is the inferior border of the epiploic foramen
    First part duodenum
  11. What is the posterior border of the epiploic foramen
    IVC
  12. What is the order of excretion of urine
    • Renal papilla
    • minor calyces
    • major calyces
    • renal pelvis
    • ureter
    • bladder
    • IUO
    • prostetic urethra
    • membranous urethra 
    • penile urethra
  13. what are the covering of the kidney and surrounding layers from deep to superficial
    • true renal capsule
    • perirenal fat
    • renal fascia (also invests adrenal)
    • extraperitoneal fat / renal fat
    • posterior abdominal wall
  14. What four muscles lie posterior to the kidney
    • Quadratus lumborum
    • Psoas Major
    • Thoracic diaphram
    • Transverus abdominus
  15. What three nerves lie posterior to the kidney
    • Subcostal (t12)
    • Iliohypogastric (t12-L1)
    • Ilioinguinal (L2)
  16. What two vessels lie posterior to the kidney
    • subcostal vein 
    • subcostal artery
  17. At what spinal level does the renal artery come off the AA
    L1
  18. What veins drain into the left renal vein?
    • left suprarenal vein
    • left gonadal (ovarian/testicular) vein
  19. what is the shape of the left adrenal gland?
    crescent
  20. How long is the ureter?
    25 cm
  21. What muscle does the ureter descend over
    psoas major
  22. what arterial bifurcation does the ureter pass over
    common iliac artery
  23. what does the ureter pass under in the male and female respectively just before meeting the bladder
    • Male: ductus deferens
    • Female: uterine artery
  24. List the three areas of the ureter where kidney stones are likely to form?
    • Pelvi-ureteric junction
    • crossing plevic brim
    • intramural (bladder entry)
  25. what are the surface markings for the right and left kidney respectively
    Superior border (L) T11 (R) T12 5cm from midline
  26. `What is the normal capacity of the bladder
    300 CC
  27. Where is the neck of the bladder located
    inferior resting on prostate
  28. What muscle makes up the bladder wall
    Detrusor muscle
  29. What type of tissue lines the bladder
    transitional epithelium
  30. What is the blood supply of the bladder
    • Superior vesicle arteries
    • Inferior vesicle arteries
  31. What structure does the inferolateral aspect of the bladder lie against
    • Obturator internus
    • Levator ani muscles
  32. Where are the seminal vesicles and ductus deferentia lie in relation to the bladder
    Posterior
  33. What is the parasympathetic innervation of the bladder and what is the function
    • Pelvic Spanchnic nerves S2, S3, S4
    • Detrusor muscle contraction
    • Relaxation of internal urethral sphincter
  34. What is the sympathetic innervation of the bladder and what is the function
    • Inferior hypogastric plexus
    • Contraction of internal urethral sphincter (During ejaculation)
  35. What is the function of the nephron
    • Filtration
    • Reabsorption
    • Excretion
  36. At what part of the nephron does filtration occur
    Renal Corpusle
  37. What is the route filtrate takes after leaving the renal corpusle
    • Proximal convoluted tubule
    • Loop of Henle
    • Distal convoluted tubule
    • Collective tubule
    • Collective duct
    • Minor calyx
    • Major Calyx
  38. What type of muscle lines the upper 2/3 of the ureter?
    • Inner longitudinal
    • Outer circular
  39. What type of muscle lines the lower 1/3 of the ureter?
    • Inner longitudinal
    • Middle circular
    • Outer Longitudinal
  40. What is the function of the glumerulus
    Filtration (remove water and solutes)
  41. Function of Proximal convoluted tubule
    Reabsorption (water and solutes)
  42. Function of DCT and collecting tubules
    • Reabsorption: ammonia potassium
    • Secretion: H+ and drugs

    • Reabsorption: DCT -> Blood 
    • Secretion: Blood -> DCT
  43. What is the most common type of kidney stone
    calcium
  44. What type of Kidney stone may form after an infection in the urinary system
    Struvite: (magnesium and ammonia)
  45. What is the rarest type of kidney stone?
    Cystine type (genetic defect amino acid metabolism)

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