European exploration (first history)

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Author:
ldc8713
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230528
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European exploration (first history)
Updated:
2013-08-19 22:46:27
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history coach Kelly colonies European first
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New explorers
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  1. Cahokia Mound Builders
    Build for burial or religion
  2. Leif Ericsson
    • -Norwegian Viking
    • -Discovered Vinland in 995
  3. Motivation for European Explorers
    Spices, gold, furs, expand their knowledge, glory, and religion
  4. Prince Henry
    • -Portugal
    • -Set up geography school 1416
  5. Bartholemeu Dias
    1488 rounded southern tip of Africa
  6. Vasco da Gama
    • -1498 Sailed around Africa
    • -Found an all water route to India
  7. Christopher Columbus
    • -Faster way to Asia
    • -thought the world was small
    • -thought japan was 24,000 miles west
  8. Columbian Exchange
    America -> Europe -> Africa -> America
  9. Amerigo Vespucci
    • -Named America
    • -made second voyage
    • -Credited for discovery
  10. Treaty of Tordesillas
    • -1494
    • -Treaty negotiated by the pope
    • divided the new world
    • -West went to Spain
    • -East went to Portugal
  11. Ferdinand Magellan
    • -1519
    • -Portuguese navigator
    • -Named pacific (meaning peaceful)
    • -Circumnavigated the world
  12. Hernando Cortes
    Conquered the Aztecs in Mexico, 1521
  13. Conquistadors
    Spanish conquerors
  14. St. Augustine
    • -Set up in Florida
    • -1565 
    • -oldest permanent settlement in the U.S.
  15. Jacques Cartier
    Discover the St. Lawrence River in 1535
  16. Marquette and Joliet
    set up trading post down the Mississippi River to spread Christianity
  17. La Salle
    • -Claimed the lower Mississippi River Valley for France 
    • -1682
    • -Named Louisiana after Louis XIV
  18. John Cabot
    First modern European in America
  19. Sir Walter Raleigh
    • - Attempted to establish a colony in Roanoke Island off of the coast of North Carolina
    • -It failed
    • -Tried in 1587 and everyone disappeared
  20. Joint- Stock Companies
    more than one person creates and controls the colony
  21. Charter in Virginia
    • -Guaranteed Colonists the same right as Englishmen in England 
    • -Provision incorporated into later documents
  22. Jamestown
    • -40 people died on the journey over
    • -males wouldn't work to feed themselves and died by the dozens
    • -went through the starving period 
    • -turned to cannibalism
    • -More came over and died

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