AP human geography chap1: Key issues 1
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the scientific study of the location of people and activities across the earth and the reasons for the distribution.
actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
- the study of where and why human activities are located where they are
- ex. religions,cities,businesses
- studies where and why natural forces occur as they do
- ex. climates,landforms,and types of vegetation
a two dimensional or flat scale model of earth's surface, or a portion of it.
a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
an area of earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features.
the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole.
the physical gap or interval between two objects
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
maps as a reference tool
helps find the shortest route between two places and avoid getting lost on the way. learn where something is in relation to another place.
maps as communication tool
best means for depicting the distribution of human activities or physical features as well as thinking about reasons underlying a distribution
a ratio or fraction
- shows the numerical ratio between distances on the map and the earth surface
- ex. 1:240
a written scale
- describes the relation between map and earth distances in words.
- ex. 1 inch equals 1 mile
a graphic scale
bar line marked to show distance
the scientific method of transferring locations on earth's surface to a flat map
Land ordinance of 1785
a law that divided much of the united states into townships to facilitate the sale of lands to settlers
a square 6 miles on each side
north-south lines seperating townships
a square 1 by 1 mile. townships made of 36 sections
- global positioning system
- the system that accurately determines the precise position of something on earth
the acquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting earth or from other long distance methods
- geographic information system
- a computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, ad display geographic data
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