AP human geography chap1: Key issues 1

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AP human geography chap1: Key issues 1
2013-08-20 03:43:38
human geography ap

ap human geography
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  1. contemporary geography
    the scientific study of the location of people and activities across the earth and the reasons for the distribution.
  2. globalization
    actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
  3. Human geography
    • the study of where and why human activities are located where they are
    • ex. religions,cities,businesses
  4. physical geography
    • studies where and why natural forces occur as they do
    • ex. climates,landforms,and types of vegetation
  5. map
    a two dimensional or flat scale model of earth's surface, or a portion of it.
  6. place
    a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
  7. region
    an area of earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features.
  8. scale
    the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole.
  9. space
    the physical gap or interval between two objects
  10. connections
    relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
  11. maps as a reference tool
    helps find the shortest route between two places and avoid getting lost on the way. learn where something is in relation to another place.
  12. maps as communication tool
    best means for depicting the distribution of human activities or physical features as well as thinking about reasons underlying a distribution
  13. a ratio or fraction
    • shows the numerical ratio between distances on the map and the earth surface
    • ex. 1:240
    • 1/240
  14. a written scale
    • describes the relation between map and earth distances in words.
    • ex. 1 inch equals 1 mile
  15. a graphic scale
    bar line marked to show distance
  16. projection
    the scientific method of transferring locations on earth's surface to a flat map
  17. Land ordinance of 1785
    a law that divided much of the united states into townships to facilitate the sale of lands to settlers
  18. township
    a square 6 miles on each side
  19. principal meridians
    north-south lines seperating townships
  20. base lines
    east-west lines
  21. sections
    a square 1 by 1 mile. townships made of 36 sections
  22. gps
    • global positioning system
    • the system that accurately determines the precise position of something on earth
  23. remote sensing
    the acquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting earth or from other long distance methods
  24. Gis
    • geographic information system
    • a computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, ad display geographic data