IPB

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harmkenn
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230566
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IPB
Updated:
2013-08-25 18:46:03
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IPB WOBC 08 13
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IPB WOBC 08-13
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  1. What is the definition of IPB?
    A systematic process for analyzing and visualizing portions of the Mission Variables, including threat, terrain, weather, and civil considerations, in a specific area of interest and for a specific mission. It is a continuous process that updates running estimates and supports MDMP.
  2. What is the purpose of IPB?
    To reduce uncertainties concerning the enemy, terrain, weather, and civil considerations for all types of operations.
  3. What is the reference manual for IPB?
    FM 2-01.3 (FM 2-01.301)
  4. What are the steps of IPB (D2ED)?
    • Define the operational environment. (5)
    • Describe the environmental effects on operations. (2)
    • Evaluate the threat. (2)
    • Determine threat courses of action. (5)
  5. What are the significant characteristics of the operational environment?
    • Geographical Terrain (Hydro, Vegetation, Soil, Elevation).
    • Climate and Weather (WATCH-VP)
    • Civil Considerations (ASCOPE)
  6. What are the 5 sub steps for Define the Operational Environment?
    • Identify Significant Characteristics of the Environment
    • Identify the Limits of the Command's Area of Operations
    • Establish the Limits of the Area of Influence and the Area of Interest
    • Evaluate Existing Databases and Identify Intelligence Gaps
    • Initiate Collection of Information Required to Complete IPB
  7. What are the significant characteristics of the operational environment?
    • Geographical Terrain (Hydro, Vegetation, Soil, Elevation).
    • Climate and Weather (WATCH-VP)
    • Civil Considerations;(ASCOPE)
  8. What does defining the Operational Environment do?
    It identifies for further analysis specific features of the environment and activities within it and the physical space where they exist that may influence available courses of action (COAs) or the commander's decision cycle.
  9. What is the definition of Area of Influence (AI)?
    A geographical area in which a commander is directly capable of influencing operations by maneuver or fire support systems normally under the commander's control.
  10. What is the definition of Area of Interest (AoI)?
    That area of concern to the commander, including the area of influence, areas adjacent thereto, and extending into enemy territory to the objectives of current or planned operations.
  11. What is the definition of terrain analysis?
    The collection, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of geographic information on the natural and man-made features of the terrain, combined with other relevant factors, to predict the effect of terrain on military operations.
  12. What are the Operational Variables (PMESII-PT)?
    • Political
    • Military
    • Economic
    • Social
    • Information
    • Infrastructure
    • Physical Environment
    • Time
  13. What are the Tactical Variables (METT-TC)?
    • Mission
    • Enemy
    • Terrain & Weather
    • Troops Available
    • Time Available
    • Civil Considerations
  14. What are the Military Aspects of Terrain (OAKOC)?
    • Observation & Fields of Fire
    • Avenues of Approach
    • Key Terrain
    • Obstacles
    • Cover & Concealment
  15. What are the Military Aspects of Weather (WATCH-VP)?
    • Wind
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Temperature
    • Cloud Cover
    • Humidity
    • Visibility
    • Precipitation
  16. What are the Civil Considerations (ASCOPE)?
    • Areas [social regions]
    • Structures [public]
    • Capabilities [sustainment] [SWEAT-MS]
    • Organizations
    • People
    • Events
  17. Civil Capabilities [SWEAT-MS]
    • Sewage
    • Water
    • Electric
    • Academics
    • Trash
    • Medical
    • Security
  18. What are the two sub-steps for terrain analysis?
    • Analyze the military aspects of the terrain and weather (OAKOC & WATCH-VP).
    • Evaluate the terrains effect on military operations (4 methods).
  19. What are the 4 methods to evaluate terrain's effects on COAs?
    • Concentric Ring
    • Belt
    • Avenue in Depth
    • Box
  20. What is the definition of an HVT?
    A high value target is a target/resource the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of his mission.
  21. What is the definition of an HPT?
    A high payoff target is a target/resource whose loss to the enemy will significantly contribute to the success of the friendly course of action.
  22. How many threat characteristics are there? What are the two most important?
    • 17: Composition, Disposition, Tactics, Training, Logistics, Operational Effectiveness, Communications, Intelligence, Recruitment, Support, Finance, Reach, National Agencies, Law Enforcement Agencies, International / Intergovernmental / Non-governmental Organizations, Personality, Other threats
    • Composition: The identification of threat cells or forces and their affiliated political, religious, or ethnic organizations.
    • Disposition: The geographical location of threat elements and how they are deployed, employed, or located.
  23. What are the two sub-steps in evaluating the threat?
    • Create or update threat models
    • Identify threat capabilities
  24. What are the 3 Threat Model sub sub steps?
    • Convert threat doctrine/TTPs to graphics.
    • Describe tactics and options (As a narrative).
    • Identify HVTs and HPTs.
  25. What are threat capabilities?
    COAs and supporting operations the threat can take to influence accomplishing friendly missions.
  26. What are the 5 sub steps of Determining Threat COAs?
    • Identify the threats likely objectives and end-state.
    • Identify the full set of COAs available to the threat.
    • Evaluate and prioritize COAs.
    • Develop each COA (Detail and Time requirements).
    • Identify initial intel requirements (Surveillance/Recon).
  27. What is parallel planning?
    Parallel planning is two or more echelons planning for the same operation nearly simultaneously.
  28. What is collaborative planning?
    Collaborative planning is the real-time interaction among commanders and staffs at two or more echelons developing plans for a particular operation.
  29. What are the seven steps of MDMP?
    • Receipt of Mission
    • Mission Analysis
    • Course of action (COA) Development
    • COA Analysis (aka Wargaming)
    • COA Comparison
    • COA Approval
    • Orders Production
  30. What is the definition of Named Area of Interest (NAI)?
    The geographical area where information that will satisfy a specific information requirement can be collected. Named areas of interest are usually selected to capture indications of adversary courses of action, but also may be related to conditions of the battlespace.
  31. What is the definition of Target Area of Interest (TAI)?
    The geographical area where high-value targets can be acquired and engaged by friendly forces.
  32. What are the COA screening criteria (FASDC)?
    • Feasible: The unit must be able to accomplish the mission within the available time, space, and resources.
    • Acceptable: The tactical or operational advantage gained by executing the COA must justify the cost in resources, especially casualties.
    • Suitable: A COA must accomplish the mission and comply with the commander's planning guidance.
    • Distinguishable: Each COA must differ significantly from the others.
    • Complete: A COA must show how the decisive, shaping and sustaining operations accomplish the mission.
  33. What is a Commander's Critical Information Requirement (CCIR)?
    An information requirement identified by the commander as being critical to facilitating timely decision making. It includes two key elements; Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) and Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR).
  34. What is a Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR)?
    An intelligence requirement, stated by the commander as a priority for intelligence support, which the commander needs to support decision making and to understand the area of interest or the threat.
  35. What is a Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR)?
    Information the commander and staff need about the forces available for the operation. This includes personnel, maintenance, supply, ammunition, and petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) status, and experience and leadership capabilities.
  36. What are Essential Elements of Friendly Information (EEFIs)?
    They identify those elements of friendly force information that, if compromised, would jeopardize mission success. They have the same importance as CCIRs and must be approved by the commander.
  37. What is an Intelligence Requirement (IR)?
    A type of information requirement developed by subordinate commanders and the staff (including subordinate staffs) that requires dedicated SR collection for the elements of threat, terrain and weather, and civil considerations.
  38. What is a Specific Information Requirement (SIR)?
    It facilitates tasking by matching requirements to assets.
  39. What is Latest Time Information of Value (LTIOV)?
    The time by which information must be delivered to the requestor in order to provide decision makers with timely intelligence.
  40. What tools do we utilize to graphically depict enemy COAs?
    Templates; THREATEMP + MCOO = SITEMP, EVENTEMP
  41. What is a Threat Template (THREATEMP)?
    A threat template dictates the enemy approach to a particular tactical situation, without terrain and weather constraints
  42. What is a Modified Combined Obstacle Overlay (MCOO)?
    A joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace product used to portray the effects of each battlespace dimension on military operations.
  43. What should each Threat COA include?
    • Situation Template (SITEMP).
    • MLCOA/MDCOA.
    • HVTs specific to that COA.
  44. What is a Situation Template (SITEMP)?
    A depiction of assumed adversary dispositions, based on adversary doctrine and the effects of the battlespace if the adversary should adopt a particular course of action.
  45. What is an Event Template (EVENTEMP)?
    A model against which threat activity can be recorded and compared. It represents a sequential projection of events that relate to space and time on the battlefield and indicates the enemy's ability to adopt a particular course of action. Depicts the NAIs where activity or lack thereof will indicate which threat COA the threat has adopted, the combination of the NAI, indicators, and Time Phased Lines (TPLs) associated with each threat COA forms the basis of the event template.
  46. What are the annexes and appendices important to IPB?
    • Annex B - Intelligence
    • Appendix 1 - Intelligence Estimate
    • Annex K - Civil Affairs
  47. Information Requirement Management Cycle (6 Steps)
    • Develop Requirements
    • Develop ISR Sync Plan
    • Support ISR Integration
    • Disseminate Information
    • Assess ISR Operations
    • Update ISR Operations
  48. Intelligence Process (PPCP)
    Plan; Prepare; Collect; Produce
  49. Intelligence Disciplines
    • * Counterintelligence (CI)
    • * Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT)
    • * Human Intelligence (HUMINT) 
    • * Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT)
    • * Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) 
    • * Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) 
    • * Technical Intelligence (TECHINT)
  50. Center of Gravity Methodology
    • Center of Gravity (Power and Strength)
    • Critical Capabilities (enablers for Functioning)
    • Critical Requirements (means for CC to operate)
    • Critical Vulnerabilities (where CR is vulnerable to attack)
  51. CARVER Assessment
    • Criticality
    • Accessibility
    • Recouperability
    • Vulnerability
    • Effect
    • Recognizability

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