Pathology

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Author:
AstephZ
ID:
23060
Filename:
Pathology
Updated:
2010-06-11 02:30:42
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Systems
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Systems
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  1. Free air in the peritoneal cavity is suggestive of?
    Bowel perforation.
  2. Left pleural effusion is suggestive of?
    • pancreatitis
    • esophageal rupture
  3. What kind of necrosis is found in immune complex vasculitis and related processes?
    Fibrinoid necrosis
  4. Loss of proprioception and vibation senses, ataxia, with Argyll Roberston pupil can be found in patients with:
    Tabes dorsalis - tertiary syphilis
  5. Children with high fever, palmoplantar erythema with periungual desquamation, oral mucosal and conjunctival inflammation and cervical lymphadenopathy have:
    Kawaski disease - vasculitis
  6. Vitamin E deficiency with ataxia, dysarthria, and loss of both position and vibration sensation is most similar to:
    Friedreich ataxia
  7. Pure red cell aplasia is characterized by:
    Marrow failure with marked hypoplasia of marrow erythroid elements in the setting of normal granulopoiesis and thrmbopoiesis.

    Can be idiopathic, due to thymoma, or to parvovirus B19
  8. What do renal cell carcinoma, cerebellar hemangioblastomas and uterine fibroids have in common?
    Polycythemia
  9. Small vessel leukocytoclastic angiitis associated with IgA and C3 deposition is typical of?
    Henoch-Schonlein purpura
  10. C3 deficiency predisposes to recurrent infections with:
    Encapsulated organisms: SHiN
  11. Deficiencies of C5-9 lead to recurrent infections of:
    N. meningitidis or N. gonorrhoeae
  12. Cutaneous angiofibromas, seizures, mental retardation, renal cysts, hamartomas, cardiac rhabdomyomas with ash leaf spots on the skin are indicative of:
    Tuberous sclerosis
  13. Cardiac abnormality associated with DiGeorge's syndrome?
    Tetralogy of Fallot and aortic arch anomalies
  14. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is associated with spinocerebellar degeneration in this condition:
    Friedreich's ataxia - mutatin in frataxin, a mitochondrial protein important in iron homeostasis and respiratory function
  15. Coarctation of the aorta is associated with ths condition:
    Turner's syndrome
  16. Vulvular obstruction due to cardiac rhabdomyomas is found in:
    Tuberous sclerosis
  17. ST elevations in leads V1-V4 is indicative of occlusion in:
    LAD
  18. ST elevations in V5,V6 and maybe I and aVL are indicative of:
    LCX
  19. ST elevation in leads II, III, and aVF is indicative of:
    RCA
  20. Hemolytic anemia, hypercoagulable state, and decreased blood counts are indicative of:
    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) - lost of complement inactivation on RBCs
  21. Deficiency of CD 55 and CD 59 is diagnostic for:
    Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
  22. Cleft lip and palate, polydactyly, rocker-bottom feet and holoprosencephaly is associated with:
    Trisomy 13
  23. Decreased acetylcholine levels in the hippocampus and nucleus basalis of Meynert can be found in:
    Alzheimer's disease
  24. Loss of dopaminergic neruons of substantia nigra is seen in:
    Parkinson's Disease
  25. This area located in the caudal pontine central gray matter and contains large amounts of norepinephrine plays a role in panic attacks and panic disorder:
    Locus ceruleus
  26. NMDA receptors are depleted in the striatum of these patients with atrophy of the nucleus caudatus:
    Huntington's disease
  27. Craniopharyngiomas arise from:
    remnants of Rathke's pouch
  28. Clue cells can be seen in women with:
    bacterial vaginosis. Squamous cells covered with bacilli.
  29. Type of Epithelium in the Ovary:
    Simple cuboidal
  30. Type of epithelium in the fallopian tube
    Simple columnar
  31. Type of epithelium in the uterus:
    Simple (pseudostratified) columnar
  32. Type of epithelium in the cervix:
    • Endocervix - simple columnar
    • Ectocervix - stratified squamous
  33. Type of epithelium in the vagina:
    stratified squamous non-keratinized

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