Forstry Utilization

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sylon
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230633
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Forstry Utilization
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2013-08-20 12:04:26
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Forstry Utilization
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  1. What is meant by defect?
    Any imperfection in a tree or tree product which reduces its volume, durability,strength or value.
  2. What is bucking?
    Limbing and cutting the tree stem into log or bolt lengths.
  3. What is "shake"?
    A lengthwise separation of wood which usually occurs between and parallel to the growth layers.
  4. What is a choker cable?
    A cable which is attached to logs in orderto pull them out of the woods.
  5. What sweet forest product is Vermont famous for?
    Maple syrup/sugar
  6. What are two types of saws are used to convert logs to lumber in a sawmill?
    Circular saw and band saw
  7. What is a preservative?
    A chemical substance which, when suitably applied to wood, makes it resistant to attack by fungi, insects, or marine borers.
  8. What causes shrinkage in wood products?
    Drying them below the fiber saturation point.
  9. What is slash?
    Branches, bark, tops, chunks, cull logs,uprooted stumps, and broken or uprooted trees left on the ground after logging; also, a large accumulation of debris after wind or fire.
  10. What is the function of a cutoff saw in a sawmill?
    A saw which is used to standardize length of lumber and often improve the quality of the boards.
  11. What is meant by the term "kerf"?
    The narrow slot cut by a saw advancing through wood.
  12. What is felling?
    The act of cutting or severing the tree from the stump.
  13. What is veneer?
    A thin sheet of wood of uniform thickness produced by peeling, slicing, or sawing logs, bolts and flitches.
  14. What are the two most important uses for the nation’s timber?
    Sawlogs - 51%; Pulpwood - 32%
  15. What is a tree skidder?
    A rubber-tired machine used for dragging trees (log length) out of the woods.
  16. Of what significance was the king’s broad arrow on a tree?
    In colonial times it signified that the tree was the property of the king of England and that death would befall anyone taking such a tree.
  17. What is a widowmaker?
    A limb or branch caught in a tree and which could fall on a forest worker or logger.
  18. What is a dry kiln?
    An oven type structure used for drying wood.
  19. What is wood?
    The lignified water-conducting,strengthening, and storing tissue of branches, stems and roots.
  20. What do you do when you season lumber?
    Dry lumber either in the open or in a dry kiln.
  21. What size trees are considered saw timber?
    12" plus in diameter (dbh).
  22. What is done at the green chain in a sawmill?
    Lumber is sorted and stacked. In some cases lumber is also graded there.
  23. What size are pole timber trees?
    6-12" or more dbh.
  24. What is a tote road?
    A term used for smaller logging roads in some parts of the country.
  25. What is sweep?
    A gradual bend in a log, pole or piling -considered a defect.
  26. What is a slab?
    The exterior portion of a log removed in sawing timber.
  27. What is wedging?
    In logging, to drive a wedge into the sawcut to prevent the saw from binding and to direct the fall of the tree.
  28. Name 4 commercial byproducts from wood.
    Vitamins, plastics, explosives, photographic film, toothpaste, pharmaceuticals, naval stores.
  29. What is a liquid product of wood that is used in mixing paints?
    Turpentine.
  30. What percent of the land area in Kentucky is commercial forest?
    About 50%.
  31. What are the 4 species of trees most used for pulp products?
    Pine, spruce, hemlock, fir.
  32. What is the most important eastern hardwood timber tree species used for cooperage?
    White oak
  33. Name a use for the red mulberry
    Fence posts.
  34. What is pulpwood?
    Wood which is made into paper.
  35. What is an access road?
    A road built into isolated stands of commercial timber so they can be reached by loggers, fire fighters, and others.
  36. What is a barber chair?
    In logger’s slang, a stump which leaves standing a slab that splintered off the tree a sit fell. Generally, it indicates careless felling.
  37. What is the abbreviation for thousand board feet?
    MBF
  38. What are bolts?
    Small logs or sections of larger logs that have been split. A bolt is usually less than 4½ feet long.
  39. What is a butt?
    Base of tree or lower end of log
  40. What is a catface?
    A scar on the surface of a log, generally elliptical in shape, resulting from wounds which have not healed over; also, a fire scar at the base of a tree.
  41. What is a corduroy road?
    A road built of logs or poles laid side byside perpendicular to the direction of theroad, usually in low or swampy places.
  42. What is crosshaul?
    A method of loading log-transportation vehicles. One end of a line is passed over the load, around the log to be loaded, and made fast to the load. Power applied to the other end of the line imparts a rolling motion to the log.
  43. What is a "cut"?
    The yield, during a specified period, of products that are cut, as of grain, timber, or, in sawmilling, timber.
  44. What is a cutting cycle?
    The planned interval between major felling operations in the same stand.
  45. What is a log deck?
    A pile of logs or a rollway where material is collected in preparation for being hauled away to the mills.
  46. What is a log drive?
    Logs or timbers that are floated on water from the forest to a mill or shipping point.
  47. What is a go-devil?
    A small, short sled (scoot) without a tongue, used in skidding logs.
  48. What is hot-logging?
    A logging operation in which logs go from the stump to the mill without pause.
  49. What is integrated logging?
    A method of logging designed to make the best use of all timber products. It removes in one cutting all timber that should be cut, and distributes the various timber products to the industries that can use them to best advantage.
  50. What does it mean to "log"?
    To cut and remove logs from an area.
  51. What is a logger?
    • 1) A person who is engaged in logging operations,
    • 2) locally, a person who haul slogs to landings and skidways.
  52. What is a lumberjack?
    One works on logging operations;colloquial term for a male logger.
  53. What does it mean to "notch"?
    To cut a notch in a tree before felling it to prevent splitting and binding and to control the direction of fall.
  54. What is overrun?
    The excess of the amount of lumber actually sawed from logs over the estimated volume or log scale, usually expressed in percent of log scale.
  55. What is a peavey?
    A stout wood lever for rolling logs. A curved metal hook is hinged to the lower part of the handle, and the tip is armed with a sharp steel spike.
  56. What is a peeler?
    • 1) Usually one who removes bark from timber cut in the spring months when bark slips;
    • 2) a log used in the manufacture of rotary-cut veneer.
  57. What is a skidway?
    Two skids laid parallel at right angles to a road, usually raised above the ground at the end nearest the road. As they are brought from the stump, logs are usually piled up on a skidway for loading upon sleds, wagons,or cars.
  58. What is a spud?
    A hand tool used in stripping bark from felled trees.
  59. How many pounds of paper does a person use in a year?
    600 pounds.

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