chapter 7

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chapter 7
2013-08-22 17:09:35

chapter 7 diseases
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  1. anisocytosis
    the presence of red blood cells of unequal size (condition of without equal cells)
  2. bacteremia
    the presence of bacteria in a sample of blood (condition of bacteria in the blood)
  3. erythropenia
    abnormally reduced number of red blood cells in a sample of blood
  4. hemolysis
    the rupture of red blood cell membrance
  5. hemorrhage
    the abnormal loss od blood from the circulation is a sign of trauma or illness
  6. lekopenia
    abnormally reduced number of white blood cells in a sample of blood is a sign of disease
  7. macrocytosis
    the presence of abnormally large red blood cells in a sample of blood is a sign of disease
  8. poikilocytosis
    the presence of tear shaped red blood sells ( condition of irregular cell)
  9. polycythemia
    abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood (condition of red cell)
  10. splenomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the spleen is a sympton of injury or infection
  11. thrombopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of platelets in a sample of blood is a symptom of disease
  12. toxemia
    the presence of toxins in the bloodstream ( condition of blood poison)
  13. aids
    • acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    • devasting disease is caused by the human immunodiciency virus (HIV) desrtoying important white blood cells known as helper T cells
  14. allergy
    is the body immune response to allergens. physical contact with the allergen
  15. anaphylaxis
    an immediate reaction to a foreign substance that inculudes rapid inflammation, vasodildtion, bronchospasms, and spasms of the GI tract
  16. anemia
    without blood
  17. anthrax
    a bacterial disease that has been threatned to be used in bioterrorism
  18. autoimmune disease
    a disease that is caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissue 
  19. botulism
    one lethal form of food borne illness
  20. communicable disease
    a diease that capble of transmission from one person to another
  21. diphtheria
    is an infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation of the mucous membrances, primarily in the mouth and throat
  22. dyscrasia
    ia any abnoraml condition of the blood
  23. edema
    the leakage of the fluid from the bloodstream into the interstitial space between body cells causes swelling and is one aspect of inflammation
  24. fungemia
    which is a fungal infection that speads thoughout the body by way od the bloodstream
  25. gas gangrene
    infection of a wond may be caused by various anaerobic bateria causing damage to local tissue