Week 1

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Author:
cheyennevarela
ID:
230752
Filename:
Week 1
Updated:
2013-08-21 02:12:16
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Terminology
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Description:
Bone Structure
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  1. anatomical position
    standing up legs together hands at side with palms forward
  2. prone position
    laying down with face up
  3. supine position
    laying with face down
  4. brachium
    arm
  5. antebrachium
    forearm
  6. antecubitis
    front of elbow
  7. olecranon
    back of elbow
  8. carpus
    at the wrist
  9. digit
    finger
  10. phalanx
    finger bone
  11. femur
    thigh
  12. patella
    knee cap
  13. popliteus
    back of knee
  14. fibula
    bottom leg lateral side
  15. tarsus
    ankle
  16. planta
    sole of foot
  17. cephalon
    head
  18. cervicis
    neck
  19. thoracis
    chest
  20. lumbus
    lower back
  21. sacrum
    lower than lumbar
  22. oculus
    eye
  23. bucca
    cheek
  24. axilla
    armpit
  25. acromial
    shoulder
  26. gluteus
    buttock
  27. abdomen
    abdominal
  28. inguen
    groin
  29. sagittal
    plane that separates body left from right
  30. frontal
    plane that separates body front to back
  31. transverse
    cross portions of the body
  32. superior
    above
  33. inferior
    below
  34. cranial
    toward the head
  35. caudal
    tall bone
  36. anterior
    front
  37. ventral
    belly side
  38. posterior
    back
  39. dorsal
    back
  40. medial
    toward the midline
  41. lateral
    away from the midline
  42. proximal
    closest to the trunk
  43. distal
    away from the trunk
  44. superficial
    surface
  45. deep
    within and away from the suface
  46. dorsal cavity
    back cavity contains the cranial and vertebral
  47. cranial cavity
    brain
  48. vertebral cavity
    spinal cord
  49. ventral cavity
    front cavity contains thoracic, abdominopelvic
  50. thoracic cavity
    chest
  51. mediastinum
    middle
  52. pleural
    lungs
  53. pericardial
    heart
  54. abdominopelvic cavity
    stomach
  55. long bone
    longer than it is wide
  56. short bone
    equal length in width
  57. flat bone
    flat spongy bone
  58. irregular bone
    complex shape
  59. sesamoid bone
    rounded irregular shape
  60. trochanters
    large blunt irregular shape process
  61. tuberosity
    rough projection
  62. epicondyle
    just above the condyle
  63. head
    expanded articular end of epiphysis
  64. condyle
    smooth rounded articular process
  65. facet
    little face of bone
  66. fossa
    shallow depression
  67. sulcus
    narrow groove
  68. foramen
    hole for nerves and blood vessles
  69. fissure
    small cleft narrow
  70. meatus or canal
    canal surrounded by bone
  71. epiphysis
    the ends
  72. diaphysis
    shaft
  73. compact bone
    solid
  74. spongy bone
    lighten massive strength produces red bone marrow
  75. medullary cavity
    produces yellow bone marrow
  76. epiphyseal plate and epiphyseal line
    found at ends part actively growing
  77. endosteum
    inside lining covers
  78. periosteum
    outside lining covers
  79. yellow marrow
    medullary cavity
  80. red marrow
    spongy bone
  81. osteons
    functional unit of compact bone
  82. osteocytes
    cell responsible for maintenance function
  83. lamella
    little layers of bone
  84. lacuna
    one osteocyte lives
  85. central canal
    blood vessels found
  86. canaliculi
    little canals use nutrients and discard waste
  87. chondrocytes
    cartilage cell flexible smooth
  88. matrix
    flexible support nonliving substance which cell live
  89. clavicle sternal end
    medial end
  90. clavicle acromial end
    lateral end
  91. clavicle conoid end
    cone like facing back
  92. scapula superior border
    top border
  93. scapula lateral border
    axillary border
  94. scapula medial border
    vertebral
  95. scapula superior angle
    corners of scapular triangle
  96. scapula inferior angle
    bottom angle
  97. scapula suprascapular notch
    medial indention
  98. scapula acromion process
    lateral to clavical
  99. scapula coracoid process
    smaller anterior projection
  100. scapula gleniod cavity
    numerous
  101. scapula supraspinous fossa
    superior to spine
  102. scapula infraspinous fossa
    inferior to spine
  103. scapula subscapular fossa
    shallow depression body

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