Geog 3: Lecture 2

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  1. North China Plain
    • -large alluvial(sediments) plain of northern China
    • -along the Yellow River
    • -high population density
    • -the soil super rich
    • -where China grew from
  2. Sichuan Basian
    • -Eastern CHina
    • -Isolated pockets of dense population
    • -Qinling mountains:
  3. Indo-Gangetic Plain
    • -Home to 3/5 of India's population
    • -has some of the most fertile soil in the world
    • 1. Lies between the Indus River (west) and the Ganges River (east).
    • 2. Many people live around the rivers and work as substinence farmers.
    • 3. The rivers carry water and silt into the farmlands to enrich and irrigate the land.
    • 4. Floods during monsoon season
  4. Humans liver near
    • 1. Rivers
    • 2. Lowland
  5. Most populous country in Africa
  6. Culture
    • -way of life
    • -group of people share
    • 1. Religion
    • 2. Tradition
    • 3. Food
    • 4. Language
    • 5. Festivals/holidays
    • 6. knowledge, beliefs, practices,abilties
    • -must all be learned
  7. Carrier of culture
    • Language
    • -use to teach religion
  8. English is not defined by the way we________
    write it
  9. Types of Language
    • 1. Spoken
    • 2. Written
  10. sign
    • something you can observe with a meaning
    • Ex. Cup
  11. communication
    use of signs and interpretation of signs
  12. Symbol meaning is determined by
    agreed by convention
  13. logic
    system for meaning by arrangement of symbols
  14. phone
    • speech sound 
    • [ k* a p* ]
  15. phoneme
    • -the sound you think you're saying 
    • -the smallest unit of sound  that is capable of conveying a distinction in meaning.
    • -Ex. In English we can tell that pail and tail are different words, so /p/ and /t/ are phonemes
    • -/kap/
  16. Morpheme
    • -smallest unit of meaning
    • - For example, the word "bookkeeper" has three morphemes: "book", "keep", and "-er".
    • -Ex. the word Cups has two morphemes: "cup","s"
  17. Vernacular language
    -everyday speech
  18. Standard language
    • -understandable by a lot of people
    • -grammar rules
    • -taught in schools
  19. Official Language
    Dialect of government
  20. Promoted language
    spread of a particular speech
  21. lingua franca
    • -language of franks
    • -any common language spoken by two groups who speak different languages
  22. Pidgin
    • -New dialect created that contains elements of both groups
    • -generally the less powerful group do most grammar and sound
    • -powerful group does vocabulary
  23. creole
    • -acquired pidgin
    • -children grow up speaking it
    • -evolves to the point that it becomes the primary language to the people who speak it.
  24. creole continuum
    move back and forth from creole to standard(formal situations)
  25. code-switching
    switching back and forth between two different dialects based on situation
  26. Mutual Intelligibility
    • two language group understand each other
    • -used as a distinction
    • -matter of degree
    • -Ex. California English vs Midwest english
  27. Dialect Continuum
    • There is no clear break in intelligibility between dialects in a country, so they change gradually from place to place
    • -extremes might not be able to understand each other
    • -innovation can reach entire distance
    • -the greater the geographical separation, the greater the difficulty of comprehension
  28. How do languages divert?
    • 1. Migration-----separation
    • 2. Change
    • -slang
    • -technology

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Geog 3: Lecture 2
2013-08-21 10:48:54

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