Ecology: Chapter 2, Section 4 & 5 Biomes

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lcayward
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230790
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Ecology: Chapter 2, Section 4 & 5 Biomes
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2013-08-21 13:25:21
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Ecology Chapter Section Biomes
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  1. BIOME
    A group of land ecosystems with similar climate and organisms
  2. WHAT ARE THE 6 NAMES OF MAJOR BIOMES?
    • 1. Rain Forest 
    • 2. Desert
    • 3. Grassland
    • 4. Deciduous Forest
    • 5. Boreal Forest
    • 6. Tundra
  3. WHAT TWO THINGS WITHIN A CLIMATE DETERMINE A BIOME?
    1. Temperature

    2. Precipitation
  4. WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF TWO TYPES OF RAIN FORESTS?
    1. Temperate Rain Forest

    2. Tropical Rain Forest
  5. TEMPERATE
    Having moderate temperature
  6. WHAT ARE CHARACTERISTICS OF A TROPICAL RAIN FOREST?
    • 1. Wet
    • 2. Warm
    • 3. A Lot of Plants
    • 4. A Lot of Water
  7. CANOPY
    When tall trees form a leafy roof
  8. UNDERSTORY
    A second layer of shorter trees and vines form this layer. Plants that grow well in shade thrive here.
  9. DESERT
    An area that receives less than 25 cm of rain per year/the amount of evaporation is greater than the amount of precipitation.
  10. GRASSLAND
    An area that is populated by grasses and other nonwoody plants/receives between 25 & 75 cm per year
  11. SAVANNA
    A grassland that is located closest to the equator
  12. DECIDUOUS TREES
    Trees that shed their leaves and grow new ones each year
  13. CONIFEROUS TREES
    Trees that grow seeds in a cone and leaves shaped like needles
  14. TAIGA
    Russian name for boreal forest
  15. CHARACTERISTICS OF DECIDUOUS FOREST BIOMES
    • 1. Animals Hibernate
    • 2. Growing season 5-6 months 
    • 3. Cool mornings/hot days
  16. CHARACTERISTICS OF BOREAL FOREST BIOMES
    • 1. Smells like spruce & fir trees
    • 2. Colder climate/winter with lots of snow and rainy/ wet summers
    • 3. Water frozen most of year so trees have adapted to prevent water loss
  17. TUNDRA
    An extremely cold and dry biome/ not deep piles of snow
  18. PERMAFROST
    Another name for the frozen soil in the tundra
  19. CHARACTERISTICS OF A TUNDRA BIOME
    • 1. Cold
    • 2. Deep snow
    • 3. No more water than desert
    • 4. Short summer
    • 5. Frozen soil
    • 6. Shallow ponds
    • 7. Mosses/grasses
    • 8. Few trees/animals
  20. NAMES OF THE 3 FOREST BIOMES
    • 1. Boreal
    • 2. Rain
    • 3. Deciduous
  21. HOW ARE THE 3 FOREST BIOMES SIMILAR?
    • 1. Trees/ many habitats
    • 2. Animals
  22. HOW ARE 3 FOREST BIOMES DIFFERENT?
    • 1. Amount of rain
    • 2. Location
    • 3. Temperature
    • 4. Sunlight
    • 5. Plants
    • 6. Animals
  23. WHERE DO MANY LARGE HERBIVORES LIVE? WHY?
    Grasslands because there are so many plants
  24. WHAt ARE THE NAMES OF EARTH'S MAJOR WATER (AQUATIC) BIOMES (OR ECOSYSTEMS)?
    • Fresh water biomes:
    • 1. Streams
    • 2. Rivers
    • 3. Ponds
    • 4. Lakes
    • Salt water/marine biomes/eco
    • 1. Estuary
    • 2. Intertidal zone
    • 3. Neritic zone
    • 4. Open ocean
    • (Surface/deep zones)
  25. HOW DOES CLIMATE DETERMINE A BIOME'S CHARACTERISTICS?
    Climate limits the type of plants that can survive in the biome which in turn determines the kinds of animals that can live there
  26. HIBERNATION
    When an animal enters a stage of greatly reduced body activity similar to sleep
  27. EVAPORATION
    When the water on earth is heated by the sun's energy and is changed from a liquid to a gas
  28. AQUATIC
    Water based ecosystems
  29. WHAT ARE TWO TYPES OF AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS?
    • 1. Fresh water
    • 2. Marine/Salt water
  30. EVEN THOUGH MOST OF EARTH'S SURFACE IS COVERED IN WATER, ONLY A TINY FRACTION IS ________  WATER
    Fresh
  31. WHAT ARE SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS?
    • 1. Some bodies are still water
    • 2. Fresh, not salt water
    • 3. Include a variety of habitats
    • 4. Shallow compared to most bodies of salt water
  32. ESTUARY
    An area found where fresh water meets salt water
  33. INTERTIDAL ZONE
    A salty ecosystem between the highest and lowest tide lines
  34. NERITIC ZONE
    A salty ecosystem below the lowest tide lines/shallow water
  35. WHAT ARE SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF MARINE ECOSYSTEMS?
    • 1. Salty
    • 2. Algae/plants food and shelter to marine animals
    • 3. Animals such as: crabs; worms; clams; and fish
  36. WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF EARTH'S 6 MAJOR LAND BIOMES?
    • 1. Tundra
    • 2. Grassland
    • 3. Rain Forest
    • 4. Desert
    • 5. Boreal Forest
    • 6. Deciduous Forest

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