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Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930)
American psychologist who conducted research on memory, personality, and dreams; established one of the first U.S. psychology research laboratories; first women president of the American Psychology Association.
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
English naturalist and scientist whose theory of evolution through natural selection was first published in On the Origin of Species in 1859.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Australian physician and founder of psychoanalysis.
G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924)
American psychologist who established the first psychology research laboratory in the united states; founded the American Psychological Association.
William James (1842-1910)
American philosopher and psychologist who founded psychology in the United States and established the psychological school called functionalism.
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)
American humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation.
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
Russian psychologist whose pioneering research on learning contributed to the development of behaviorism.