A&P

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Author:
loismarie
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230855
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A&P
Updated:
2013-08-21 19:22:41
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ALHS1011
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Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 1
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  1. Sagittal section
    A longitudinal (vertical) plane that divides the body or any of its parts into right and left portions
  2. Physiology
    Study of the functions of living organisms
  3. Cell
    The structural and functional unit of living organisms; contains a nucleus and a variety of organelles enclosed by a limiting membrane
  4. Irritability
    Ability to respond to a stimulus
  5. Cranial
    Pertaining to the skull
  6. Cervical
    Refers to the neck or the necklike portion of an organ or structure
  7. Gland
    Organ specialized to secrete or excrete substances for further use in the body or for elimination
  8. FRONTAL (CORONAL) SECTION
    LONGITUDINAL (VERTICAL) PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PARTS
  9. INFERIOR (CAUDAL)
    PERTAINING TO A POSITION NEAR THE TAIL END OF THE LONG AXIS OF THE BODY
  10. BRACHIAL
    PERTAINING TO THE ARM
  11. TISSUE
    A GROUP OF SIMILAR CELLS SPECIALIZED TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC FUNCTION
  12. ORGAN
    A PART OF THE BODY FORMED OF TWO OR MORE TISSUES AND ADAPTED TO CARRY OUT A SPECIFIC FUNCTION
  13. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    BODY SYSTEM THAT INCLUDES INTERNAL ORGANS THAT SECRETE HORMONES
  14. TRANSVERSE (HORIZONTAL) SECTION
    A PLANE RUNNING FROM RIGHT TO LEFT, DIVIDING THE BODY INTO SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PARTS
  15. EXCRETION
    ELIMINATION OF WASTE PRODUCTS FROM THE BODY
  16. HYPOTHALAMUS
    REGION OF THE DIENCEPHALON FORMING THE FLOOR OF THE THIRD VENTRICLE OF THE BRAIN
  17. LATERAL
    AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
  18. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    SYSTEM CONSISTING OF LYMPHATIC VESSELS, LYMPH NODES, AND OTHER LYMPHOID ORGANS AND TISSUES; DRAINS EXCESS TISSUE FLUID FROM THE EXTRACELLULAR SPACE AND PROVIDES A SITE FOR IMMUNE SURVEILLANCE
  19. THOMEOSTASIS
    A STATE OF BODY EQUILIBRIUM OR STABLE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE BODY
  20. THORACIC
    REFERS TO THE CHEST
  21. NEGATIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISMS
    THE MOST COMMON OF HOMEOSTATIC CONTROL MECHANISMS. THE NET EFFECT IS THAT THE OUTPUT OF THE SYSTEM SHUTS OFF THE ORIGINAL STIMULUS OR REDUCES ITS INTENSITY
  22. RECEPTOR
    (1) A CELL OR NERVE ENDING OF A SENSORY NERURON SPECIALIZED TO RESPOND TO PARTICULAR TYPES OF STIMULI (2) MOLECULE THAT BINDS SPECIFICALLY WITH OTHER MOLECULES
  23. DISTAL
    AWAY FROM THE ATTACHED END OF A LIMB OR THE ORIGIN OF A STRUCTURE
  24. ABDOMEN
    PORTION OF THE BODY BETWEEN THE DIAPHRAGM AND THE PELVIS
  25. PROXIMAL
    TOWARD THE ATTACHED END OF A LIMB OR THE ORIGIN OF A STRUCTURE
  26. SKELETAL SYSTEM
    SYSTEM OF PROTECTION AND SUPPORT COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF BONE AND CARTILAGE
  27. ORGAN SYSTEM
    • A GROUP OF ORGANS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A VITAL BODY FUNCTION
    • EX: THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  28. INGUINAL
    PERTAINING TO THE GROIN REGION
  29. ATOM
    THE SMALLEST PART OF AN ELEMENT; INDIVISIBLE BY ORDINARY CHEMICAL MEANS
  30. CARPAL
    ONE OF THE EIGHT BONES OF THE WRIST
  31. ORGANISM
    THE LIVING ANIMAL (OR PLANT) WHICH REPRESENTS THE SUM TOTAL OF ALL ITS ORGAN SYSTEMS WORKING TOGETHER TO MAINTAIN LIFE
  32. POSITIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISMS
    FEEDBACK THAT TENDS TO CAUSE THE LEVEL OF A VARIABLE TO CHANGE IN THE SAME DIRECTION AS AN INITIAL CHANGE
  33. VENTRAL
    PERTAINING TO THE FRONT; ANTERIOR
  34. ANATOMY
    STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF LIVING ORGANISMS
  35. TARSAL
    ONE OF THE SEVEN BONES THAT FORM THE ANKLE AND HEEL
  36. URINARY SYSTEM
    SYSTEM PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER, ELECTROLYTE, AND ACID-BASE BALANCE AND REMOVAL OF NITROGENOUS WASTES
  37. AXILLA
    ARMPIT
  38. BUCCAL
    PERTAINING TO THE CHEEK
  39. ANTERIOR
    THE FRONT OF AN ORGANISM, ORGAN, OR PART; THE VENTRAL SURFACE
  40. MEDIAL
    TOWARD THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
  41. EFFECTOR
    ORGAN, GLAND, OR MUSCLE CAPABLE OF BEING ACTIVATED BY NERVE ENDINGS
  42. MIDSAGITTAL (MEDIAN) SECTION
    SPECIFIC SAGITTAL PLANE THAT LIES EXACTLY IN THE MIDLINE
  43. MUSCULAR SYSTEM
    THE ORGAN SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE SKELETAL MUSCLES OF THE BODY AND THEIR CONNECTIVE TISSUE ATTACHMENTS
  44. Eyelashes, pain receptors, fingernails, and sweat glands would all be part of which system?
    integumentary
  45. At the cellular level, cells consist of _______.
    molecules
  46. Labeling the parts of a cell on a diagram is an example of an exercise in _______.
    anatomy
  47. What term means the ability of the body to maintain a stable internal environment despite changes in the external environment?
    homeostasis
  48. In proper anatomical positioning the palms face _______.
    FORWARD
  49. This is the only segmentation of the body that could result in mirror image halves.
    midsagittal
  50. You would look for the mediastinum in which cavity?
    thoracic
  51. You would expect to find most of the stomach in which quadrant?
    left upper quadrant
  52. Which region is directly medial to the hypochondriac regions of the body?
    epigastric
  53. A structure found in the left lumbar region is the _______.
    descending colon of the large intestine

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