Flawed Methods of Reasoning

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Author:
leejihyungrace
ID:
230862
Filename:
Flawed Methods of Reasoning
Updated:
2013-08-21 18:49:32
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Flawed Methods Reasoning
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Flawed Methods of Reasoning
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  1. The argument's conclusion is identical to one of its premises
    Circular reasoning
  2. The argument attempts to support its conclusion solely by restating that conclusion in other words.
    Circular reasoning
  3. The argument rephrases its conclusion without offering any support for it
    circular reasoning
  4. The argument draws a conclusion that simply restates a claim given in support of that conclusion
    Circular reasoning
  5. The argument offers, in place of support for its conclusion, a mere restatement of that conclusion
    circular reasoning
  6. The overall conclusions reached merely repeats the evidence offered
    circular reasoning
  7. the argument assumes what it seeks to establish
    circular reasoning
  8. the argument presupposes what it sets out to conclude
    circular reasoning
  9. the argument takes for granted what it is trying to prove
    circular reasoning
  10. the argument presents its sole premise a claim that one would accept as true only if one accepted the truth of the conclusion
    circular reasoning
  11. the argument attempts to justify its conclusion by citing reasons that people would find plausible only if they were already convinced the conclusion was true
    circular reasoning
  12. the argument relies on an assumption that is tantamount to assuming that the conclusion is true
    circular reasoning
  13. the argument includes a premise that is implausible unless the conclusion is presumed to be true
    circular reasoning
  14. the argument precludes the possibility of disconfirming evidence
    circular reasoning
  15. the argument disallows in principle any evidence that would disconfirm its conclusion
    circular reasoning
  16. the argument uses a key term abiguously
    ambiguous word usage
  17. the argument draws a conclusion based on equivocal language
    ambiguous word usage
  18. the argument unfairly exploits an ambiguity in a word by treating two different meanings of the word as if they were equivalent
    ambiguous word usage
  19. the argument inappropriately uses language that is vague
    ambiguous word usage

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