Patho Final

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skcook2
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230869
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Patho Final
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2013-08-22 10:35:14
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Patho Final
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Patho Final
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  1. These glands regulate salt, minerals, stress
    hormones and anti-inflammatory response
    Adrenal Glands
  2. Abnormality in a target gland is called...
    a primary disorder
  3. Too much ACTH causes increased cortisol levels and increased cortisol causes...
    Diabetes
  4. Differentiation potential of a stem cell is called...
    potency
  5. Normal genes that become cancer causing when mutated are...
    oncogenes
  6. Compression of nerves by a tumor cause what symptoms...
    pain
  7. this type of tissue growth is uncoordinated and undifferentiated
    Malignant
  8. Generalized effects of cancer causes; anorexia,
    weight loss, muscle wasting, etc is termed...
    cachexia
  9. Reduction of skeletal muscle can occur secondary to traction...
    Atrophy
  10. Homozygous mom = brown eyes
    Heterozygous dad = blue eyes
    What color will kid's eyes be?
    Brown
  11. The second stage general adaptation syndrome
    produces corticol to increase blood glucose levels...
    resistance adaptation stage
  12. Symptoms of stress related to anxiety due to a physical exam...
    elevated HR and BP
  13. Phenotype tells you...
    physical characteristics
  14. Power plant of smallest functional unit, the cell, is...
    the mitochondria
  15. Anaerobic process for energy production that results in 2 ATP...
    Glycolysis
  16. End production of mitochondrial power production...
    ATP
  17. Means by which glucose enters body cells...
    Facilitated diffusion
  18. Structure that contains the genetic code...
    nucleus
  19. All are formed from epidermis...
    Hair, nails and glands
  20. Causes turnover of epidermal cells at high rate...
    psoriasis
  21. Viral growths can be removed using duct tape...
    warts
  22. cellular building block can be directly damaged by UV rays...
    DNA
  23. Skin injury causing complications in all body systems...
    3rd degree burns
  24. Torn ligament is this type of injury...
    sprain
  25. Post synaptic cell has positive ion inside and around it and has ion channels for that ion...
    Na+ will enter the cell
  26. 2 boys suffer hypoxia.  One boy is at normal temp, the other is cold.  Which boy will have lower pH?
    Boy with normal temp will have lower pH
  27. Stroke patient on oxygen and calcium channel blockers, why?
    Stop calcium cascade and get rid of ischemia
  28. Distinguishing feature of a virus...
    can replicate, but requires a host cell
  29. Substance most likely to be reabsorbed in tubular segments of nephron using passive...
    water
  30. Lab results associated with abnormalities in renal function...
    BUN and creatinine
  31. SOB, bounding pulse, edema and audible crackles in lungs...
    excess fluid volume
  32. Osmolality of RBC is 400, hypotonic sol'n administered, what will happen to the RBC?
    Cell will swell
  33. Osteoporosis increases risk to develop...
    Fractures
  34. Debilitating symptom of osteoarthritis is most likely reason person finally seeks help...
    pain
  35. Form of arthritis is caused by crystallization of uric acid in synovial fluid...
    gouty arthritis
  36. The 3 P's used to describe symptoms of compartment syndrome...
    Pain, Pallor and Pulses (absence of)
  37. Mature bone cells are called...
    Osteocytes
  38. 3 A's of Treatment for Shingles...
    Analgesics, Antivirals and Antidepressants
  39. Sensation of itching is induced by...
    Histamine, Bradykinin, and Substance P
  40. Common transmission sources of tinea corpis...
    soil, humans and animals
  41. Condition that involved reddened wheals that itch and blanch when pressed...
    urticaria
  42. Condition that can be described as the bane of adolescence...
    Acne vulgaria
  43. Condition causes palpitations and paresthesia of hands and feet.  Blood gases 7.52, CO2 28 and HCO3 25
    Respiratory Alkalosis
  44. Blood Gases pH: 7.28
    CO2: 40
    HCO3: 18
    Metabolic Acidosis
  45. Blood gases pH: 7.58
    CO2: 43
    HCO3: 44
    Metabolic Alkalosis
  46. Blood gases pH: 7.31
    CO2: 58
    HCO3: 25
    Respiratory Acidosis
  47. Acid-Base homeostasis, reflection of hydrogen ion concentration is called...
    pH
  48. Double layer extension fold of peritoneum can wall off...
    greater omentum
  49. Result of parasympathetic innervation of GI tract...
    increased motility
  50. Functions are what make liver important...
    detoxification, bile production, metabolism
  51. Treatment plan for GERD...
    elevate HOB, take anti-acids, eat smaller meals
  52. What does secretin do best?
    regulate pH in the stomach
  53. Organ that detoxifies blood, regulates BP and electrolytes...
    Kidneys
  54. 3 components of urine formation...
    filtration, reabsorption, and secretion
  55. Causes decreased active transport of a.a. into cells and decreases glucose transport into skeletal muscle and adipose tissues...
    decreased insulin
  56. Underlying causes of metabolic syndrome...
    obesity, sedentary lifestyle and genetics
  57. Pancreatic hormone decreases GI activity and suppresses insulin...
    somatastatin
  58. Condition poses serious danger to health due to decreased oxygen supply to brain and heart...
    obstructive sleep apnea
  59. Chronic bronchitis, asthma and emphysema make up....
    COPD [Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease]
  60. If blood circulates thru an area of lung filled with stale air, this will happen to pulmonary arterioles...
    vasoconstriction
  61. Dehydration will cause change in # of bacteria in lungs?  Which way?
    Increase in bacteria numbers
  62. Lung damage caused by smoke inhalation...
    Inflammation and lack of surfactant
  63. Body's CNS and PNS are derived from this embryonic later...
    ectoderm
  64. Autonomic negative feedback mechanism occurs with predictability and little variability...
    Reflexes
  65. Area of brain involved with voluntary movement, judgement, memory and speech...
    frontal lobe
  66. definition of chronic pain...
    pain that lasts longer than 6 mos.
  67. Definition of paraplegia...
    Lower body paralized
  68. Baroreceptors are sensitive to...
    stretch
  69. Baroreceptors are the first compensation
    mechanism to respond to these types of shock...
    hypovolemic and anaphylactic shock
  70. Formula for cardiac output...
    HR + SV = CO
  71. DM, sedentary lifestyle, smoking and dyslipidema are all...
    heart failure risk factors
  72. This gland directly regulates the functions of
    BP, HR, hormone function, CO2, O2 and communicates with the pituitary
    hypothalamus
  73. Symptom distinguishes fever from heat stroke is...
    shivering
  74. These exocrine glands secrete amylase to
    breakdown starches to glucose...
    salivary glands

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