History of Non-Western Art

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  1. Image Upload

    • Robed Male Figure
    • Mohenjo-daro Pakistan
    • ca. 2000-1900 BCE
    • Steatite - 6 7/8 " high
  2.                                                              What cities of the third millennium BCE had sophisticated water-supply and sewage systems, which made possible this brick complex used for ritual bathing of a kind still practiced in South Asia today?
    Indus cities
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    • Great Bath
    • Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan
    • ca.2600–1900 BCE.
  4. The Indus cities date back to what millennium?
    Third millennium BCE
  5. Much of eastern art comes from the Indus Civilization.

    T or F
    False. Very little art
  6. Scholars believe the "Robe Male Figure"  sculpture from the Indus Civilization represents the Buddha.

    T or F
    False. They think it represents a priest-king. It has iconographic similarities to some Sumerian sculptures.
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    • Nude Male Torse
    • Harappa, Pakistan
    • 2000-1900 BCE
    • Red sandstone 3 3/4" high
  8. This miniature figure, with its emphasis on sensuous polished surfaces and swelling curves, already displays many of the stylistic traits that would characterize South Asian sculpture for thousands of years.
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    • Nude Male Torso
    • Harappa , Pakistan
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    • Seal with seated figure in yogic posture
    • Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan
    • 2300–1750 BCE
    • Steatite coated with alkali and baked
    • approx. 1 3/8” X 1 3/8”
  10. The seal depicting a figure (with three faces?) wearing a horned headdress and seated in a posture used in yoga is evidence that this important Indian meditative practice began as early as what civilization?
    Indus Civilization
  11. This seal is evidence that this important Indian meditative practice began as early as the Indus Civilization.
    Image Upload

    Seal with seated figure in yogic posture

    Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan

    2300–1750 BCE.
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    • Lion capital of the column erected by Ashoka 
    • Sarnath, India
    • ca.250 BCE.
    • Polished sandstone
    • approx.
    • 7’ high.
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    • Interior of the chaitya hall
    • Karle, India
    • ca.50 CE
  14. This ruler formulated a legal code based on the Buddha’s teachings and inscribed those laws on the capital columns erected throughout his kingdom.
  15. What did the lions on the capital of the column erected by Ashoka once support?
    The Buddha's Wheel of the Law
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    -Yakshi, detail of the east torana; Great Stupa

    -Sanchi, India

    -Mid-first century BCE to early first century CE.
  17. What do Yakshi's personify?
    Fertility and vegetation
  18. What are the Sanchi yakshis?
    Scantily clad women who make mango trees flower
  19. The yakshi's pose was later used to represent who?
    Queen Maya giving birth to the Buddha
  20. An early example of Buddhist architecture, the ____________ at Karle is carved out of the living rock. It has a pillared ambulatory that allows worshipers to circumambulate the stupa in the apse of the cave.
    Image Upload  Chaitya Hall
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    • Buddha Seated on Lion Throne
    • Mathura India
    • Second Century CE
    • Red Sandstone
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    • Seated Buddha preaching his first sermon
    • Sarnath, India
    • Second half of 5th cen.
    • Tan Sandstone
  23. Under what period did artists formulate the
    canonical image of the Buddha?
    Gupta period
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    • Interior of Cave 19
    • Ajanta, India
    • Second half of 5th cen.
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    • Bodhisattva Padmapani Cave 1 Wall painting
    • Ajanta, India
    • Second half of 5th cen.
  26. Inthis early example of Indian painting in an Ajanta cave, the artist rendered the sensuous form of the richly attired bodhisattva with gentle gradations of color and delicate highlights and shadows.
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    • Bodhisattva Padmapani, wall painting in Cave 1
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    • Boar avatar - Vishnu rescuing the earth- Cave 5
    • Udayagiri, India
    • Early 5th cen
  28. The oldest Hindu cave temples are at _____________, a site that also boasts some of the earliest Hindu stone sculptures, such as this huge relief of Vishnu as the boar Varaha rescuing the earth.
    Udayagiri, India
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    • Dancing Shiva - rock cut relief in cave temple
    • Badami, India
    • Late 6th cen
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    • Shiva as Mahadeva Cave 1
    • Elephanta, India
    • Basalt

  31. This immense rock-cut image emerges out of the depths of the Elephanta cave as worshipers’ eyes adjust to the darkness. The god has both male and female faces.
    Shiva as Mahadeva, Cave 1
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    • Vishnu Temple
    • Deogarh , India
    • Early 6th cen
Card Set:
History of Non-Western Art
2013-09-01 20:45:37
Chapter One

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