Dentifrices

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Author:
haitianwifey
ID:
23094
Filename:
Dentifrices
Updated:
2010-06-10 23:11:57
Tags:
Dentifrices
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Description:
Dentifrices
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  1. Anticalculus
    • Tetra potassium pyrophosphate
    • Tetra sodium pyrophosphate
    • Sodium hexametaphosphate
    • Zinc compounds
    • Triclosan
  2. Abrasives
    • Purpose is to clean teeth
    • Ex. Calcium carbonate
    • Calcium pyrophosphate
    • Sodium bicarbonate
    • Dicalcium phosphate
    • Silica, silicates, silica gels
    • Hydrated aluminum oxide
  3. Anticaries
    • Fluoride
    • Sodium fluoride
    • Sodium monofluorophosphate
    • Stannous fluoride
    • Xylitol
    • Anime fluoride (Europe)
    • Most toothpaste have 1000-1100ppm 1450 max
  4. Preservatives
    • Prevents bacterial growth and prolongs shelf life
    • Ex. Alcohols
    • Benzoates
    • Formaldehyde
    • Dicholorinated phenol
  5. Humectants
    • Retains moisture and prevents hardening
    • Ex. Glycerin
    • Xylitol
    • Sorbitol
    • Propylene glycol
  6. Antihalitosis
    • Essential oils
    • Chlorine dioxide
    • Triclosan
    • Stannous flouride
  7. 8 inactive components of dentifrices
    • Abrasives
    • Detergents
    • Flavorings
    • Sweeteners
    • Binders
    • Humectants
    • Preservatives
    • Water
  8. Desensitizating
    • Potassium nitrate
    • Potassium chloride
    • Stannous fluoride
    • Strontium chloride
  9. Sweetening agents
    • To give pleasant flavor
    • Ex. Artificial sweeteners
    • Aspartame
    • Saccharin
    • Xylitol
    • Sorbitol
  10. Detergents
    • To loosen surface tension and penetrate and loosen surface deposit, has foaming action
    • Ex. sodium lauryl sulfate USP
    • Sodium N Lauryl sarcosinate
  11. Binders
    • Thickeners added to prevent seperation of solid and liquids during storage
    • Ex. Mineral colloids
    • Natural gum seaweed colloids
    • Synthetic celluloid
  12. Antiplaque/Antigingivitis
    • Triclosan, copolymer
    • Stannous fluoride
    • Zinc citrate
  13. Coloring agents
    • For attractiveness
    • Ex. Food coloring dyes
  14. Flavoring agents
    • To mask other ingredients flavor
    • Ex. Essential oils
    • Peppermints
    • Spearmints
    • Cinnamon
    • Wintergreen
    • Clove

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