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When processing a crime scene inside a house, do we need a search warrant
Each Individual should be judged within the context of the behavior. This means that Law Enforcement Should Not...
- stereotype, profile and don't police with prejudice.
- However, Law Enforcement Officers should prejudice a situation.
Appearance can be and is often...
avoidance behaviors include
- snapping gum,
- staring into space,
- lack of eye contact
Overly cooperative persons could have...
All members of the same group are the same.
Body language (non-verbal communication) such as nodding, the okay sign, and waving do not mean the same thing to everyone...
Such actions may have different interpretations depending upon culture of the person interpreting the meaning.
Even though they are fluid, changing, and interacting to create multiple, complicated dynamics, what are the 4 Dimensions of communication
what are the five forms of communication
- one way
- two way
interpersonal interactions occur...
between two or more people
Barriers to interpersonal communication caused by speaker or listener or listener include
- self-centered limitations
- vague, confused or blurry speech
- Anything that distorts or interferes with the message
- i.e. sound, smells
- distorts or interferes with the message
- i.e. prejudices, perspective, self-centered limitations
the process of understanding the package that delivered the message
what are the 6 informational questioning
What are the positive qualities of effective verbal communication
- fluency in oral communications
- appropriate tone and loudness for context
- flexibility in adjusting feedback
- awareness of existing barriers and using the appropriate methods to circumvent the barriers
Non-Verbal communication (body language) carries ...
the majority of meaning
What are some aspects of body language
- body contact
- body positioning
- physical posture
- facial expressions
- eye movements
- officer appearance
What is the Active Listening Process
- Encouragement (get them talking and keep them talking)
- Restatement (facts, not feelings)
- reflection (feelings, empathize)
- summarize (provide a recap)
What is the Listening Model
- Hearing (listening)
- Interpreting (decoding)
- Evaluating (what does it mean)
- Responding (verbal or visual reaction)
What is Proxemics
the spacing between and around people engaged in conversation
the degree or amount of personal contact
what is "pseudo-listening"
supposedly but in reality not listening (pretending to listen)
Why are we given two ears and only one mouth
"we're given two ears but only one mouth. This is because listening is twice as hard as talking"
Culturally motivated behavior is not...
an excuse for criminal behavior
what is "Perception of Discrimination"
any idea that treatment is unequal even when treatment is nondiscriminatory
- idea that all members of a particular group are the same...
- usually incorrect,
- easily proven wrong
Interpreters should be mindful of..
- avoidance of conflict of interest
withing major cities, police officers come into contact with differing cultures by
- religious beliefs,
- different ethnic backgrounds
Native American Tribes (including Apache, Iroquois, Delaware, Pueblo, Tlingit) are ...
Recognized by State but not Federally
SMILE is ...
Universally known and recognized
In Law Enforcement, certain words should never be used....
words that are perceived as racial slurs
Casual, innocent gestures may easily be misinterpreted, including...
- nodding head,
- and okay sign
These have different meanings to different cultures
As a best practice, interpreters should be
a disinterested person.
act of giving unfair treatment to person/group because of that certain group.
preconceived attitude toward certain group, and is usually negative
patterned set of behaviors associated with particular set of people
Police as counterculture
- against society,
- law enforcement
Not sure the context or meaning of this question
during high risk situations, always remember...
Always remember that understanding cultural difference can help...
with officer safety and serving the community
what are the five purposes of communication
- personal discoveries and venting emotions
- discovery of external world
- establish meaningful relationships
- changing attitudes and behaviors
What is Encoding Vs. Decoding
All communication must be encoded
into a matrix which is understood by others
while others must decode it back into the Mental concepts
- Receiver must understand the package and misinterpretation can occur at any point
Putting hands on someone will...
illicit a reaction every time
What are some factors influencing someone from listening..
- chronemics - how we think of things temporally, how info is told and related
- haptics - the degree and amount of touching
- Proxemics - distance between individuals
How are most crimes reported
What is ethnic intimidation
commission of specific crimes with malicious intent toward the race religion, color, or national origin of another individual or group of individuals
Who investigates racially motivated violence
How is ethnic intimidation charged
- to the next degree higher than the underlying offense to which it is connected.
- i.e. a misdemeanor could become a felony
What are the duties of the First Responder to an Ethnic Intimidation Crime
- render assistance to the victim
- preserve the scene
- address concerns and perceptions of the victim
- collect evidence
- stay objective and professional
- transport the victim to the investigative unit for further assessment of the incident (Sex Crimes, Family Crisis, Etc.)