speak up 21-25

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  1. to carry on
    • 1 (especially British English) to continue doing something:
    • Sorry, I interrupted you. Please carry on.
    • 'carry on doing something'
    • You'll have an accident if you carry on driving like that.
    • 'carry on with'
    • I want to carry on with my course.
    • 'carry on as usual/as you are/regardless etc'
    • 2 to continue moving:
    • He stopped and looked back, then carried on down the stairs.
    • Carry straight on until you get to the traffic lights.
    • 3 'carry on something' if you carry on a particular kind of work or activity, you do it or take part in it:
    • Mr Dean carried on his baking business until he retired.
    • It was so noisy it was hard to carry on a conversation.
    • 4 (spoken) to talk in an annoying way
    • 'carry on about'
    • I wish everyone would stop carrying on about it.
    • 5 (old-fashioned) to have a sexual relationship with someone, when you should not:
    • Lucy confessed to carrying on behind her husband's back.
    • 'carry on with'
    • She was carrying on with a neighbour.
  2. to be shocked
    • 1 feeling surprised and upset by something very unexpected and unpleasant
    • 'shocked by'
    • I was deeply shocked by Jo's death.
    • 'shocked at'
    • He is shocked at what happened to his son.
    • 'shocked look/expression/voice etc'
    • She gave him a shocked look.
    • For a few minutes she stood in shocked silence.
    • We were too shocked to talk.
    • 2 very offended because something seems immoral or socially unacceptable
    • 'shocked by'
    • Many people were shocked by the film when it first came out.
    • 'shocked at'
    • They were deeply shocked at her behaviour.
  3. cross
    • (especially British English)
    • angry or annoyed
    • 'get/be cross (with somebody)'
    • She gets cross when he goes out drinking.
    • Sometimes I get very cross with the children.
    • 'cross at/about'
    • She was cross at being interrupted.
  4. fine (noun)
    • money that you have to pay as a punishment:
    • a £40 fine
    • 'pay a fine/pay £100/$50 etc in fines'
    • She was ordered to pay £150 in parking fines, plus court costs.
    • Councils will get sweeping powers to impose fines on drivers who park illegally.
    • 'heavy/hefty fine (=a large fine)'
    • If convicted, the men face heavy fines.
  5. to get back
    • 1 - return
    • to return to a place:
    • I'll talk to you when I get back.
    • 'get back to'
    • He got back to the office just before lunchtime.
    • 2 - do something again
    • to start doing something again or talking about something again
    • 'get back to'
    • Let's get back to the main point of the discussion.
    • Well, I must get back to work.
    • 'get back into'
    • Have you ever thought about getting back into teaching?
    • 3 - be in state again
    • to change to a previous state or condition again
    • 'get back to'
    • Life was beginning to get back to normal.
    • I couldn't get back to sleep.
    • 'get back together'
    • Do you think they'll get back together  (=start having a relationship again)?
    • 4 - get something again
    • 'get something ↔ back'
    • to get something again after you have lost it or someone else has taken it:
    • Did you get your books back?
    • 5 - punish somebody
    • 'get somebody back'
    • (informal) to do something to hurt or harm someone who has hurt or harmed you
    • 'get somebody back for'
    • I'll get you back for this!
  6. to get wet
    • to become moist or soaked with water:
    • Get out of the rain or you'll get wet.
    • Don't get wet, or you'll catch a cold.
  7. to give up
    • 1 'give something ↔ up'
    • to stop doing something, especially something that you do regularly:
    • Darren has decided to give up football at the end of this season.
    • She gave up her job and started writing poetry.
    • 'give up doing something'
    • I gave up going to the theatre when I moved out of London.
    • Why don't you give up smoking?
    • 2 to stop trying to do something:
    • We spent half an hour looking for the keys, but eventually gave up and went home.
    • I give up. What's the answer?
    • You shouldn't give up so easily.
    • 'give up doing something'
    • I gave up trying to persuade him to continue with his studies.
    • 'give something ↔ up'
    • She has still not given up the search.
    • 3 'give yourself/somebody up'
    • to allow yourself or someone else to be caught by the police or enemy soldiers:
    • The siege ended peacefully after the gunman gave himself up.
    • 'give yourself/somebody up to'
    • In the end, his family gave him up to the police.
    • 4 'give up something'
    • to use some of your time to do a particular thing:
    • I don't mind giving up a couple of hours a week to deal with correspondence.
    • 5 'give something/somebody ↔ up'
    • to give something that is yours to someone else:
    • The family refused to give up any of their land.
    • She was put under tremendous pressure to give the baby up.
    • 'give something/somebody ↔ up to'
    • I would always give my seat up to an elderly person on the bus.
    • 6 'give somebody ↔ up'
    • to end a romantic relationship with someone, even though you do not really want to:
    • I knew deep down that I should give him up.
    • 7 'give somebody up for dead/lost etc'
    • to believe that someone is dead and stop looking for them:
    • The ship sank and the crew were given up for dead.
  8. to go jogging
    jogging - the activity of running slowly and steadily as a way of exercising
  9. length (swimming pool)
    the distance from one end of a swimming pool to the other
  10. to lie down
    • 1 to put yourself in a position in which your body is flat on the floor or on a bed:
    • Just lie down on the bed.
    • 2 'take something lying down'
    • (informal) to accept bad treatment without complaining:
    • I'm not going to take this lying down!
  11. onion
    • a round white vegetable with a brown, red, or white skin and many layers. Onions have a strong taste and smell:
    • Chop the onions finely.
    • red onions
    • home-made onion soup
  12. parking fine
    • money that you have to pay as a punishment for wrong parking
    • She was ordered to pay £150 in parking fines, plus court costs.
  13. to peel
    • 1 [transitive] to remove the skin from fruit or vegetables:
    • Peel and dice the potatoes.
    • 2 [intransitive] if skin, paper, or paint peels, it comes off, usually in small pieces
    • 'peel from/off'
    • The paper was peeling from the wall.
    • New skin grows, and the damaged skin peels off.
    • 3 [intransitive] to lose an outer layer or surface:
    • The walls were peeling from the damp.
    • 4 [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to remove the outer layer from something
    • 'peel something away/off/back'
    • Peel away the waxed paper from the bottom of the cake.
  14. to repair
    • 1 to fix something that is damaged, broken, split, or not working properly [= mend British English]
    • Dad was up the ladder, repairing the roof.
    • Where can I get my shoes repaired?
    • 2 (formal) to do something to remove harm that you have caused [= mend British English]
    • Neil tried to repair the damage that his statements had caused.
  15. Shut up!
    • (spoken not polite) used to tell someone to stop talking [= be quiet!]:
    • • Oh, shut up! I don't want to hear your excuses.
    • • Just shut up and listen.
    • 'shut up! about'
    • • Shut up about your stupid dog, okay!
  16. to take a photo
    • used with a noun instead of using a verb to describe an action
    • 'take a picture/photograph/photo'
    • Would you mind taking a photo of us together?
  17. traffic warden
    (British English) someone whose job is to check that people have not parked their cars illegally
  18. wet
    • covered in or full of water or another liquid
    • I've washed your shirt but it's still wet.
  19. to yell
    • to shout or say something very loudly, especially because you are frightened, angry, or excited:
    • 'Help me!' she yelled hysterically.
    • I yelled out, 'Here I am!'
    • The crowd are on their feet yelling.
    • 'yell at'
    • Don't you yell at me like that!
    • 'yell at somebody to do something'
    • They yelled at him to stop.
    • 'yell (out) in surprise/pain etc'
    • Clare yelled in pain as she fell. 
    • He could hear Pete yelling at the top of his voice (=very loudly)
  20. armed
    • 1 carrying weapons, especially a gun
    • 'armed police'
    • The Minister was kidnapped by armed men on his way to the airport.
    • The prisoners were kept under armed guard.
    • 'armed with'
    • The suspect is armed with a shotgun.
    • She got ten years in prison for armed robber (=stealing using a gun)
    • The President fears that armed conflict (=a war)is possible.
    • There is very little support for an armed struggle (=fighting with weapons)against the government.
    • a heavily armed battleship
    • Many of the gangs are armed to the teeth (=carrying a lot of weapons)
    • 2 having the knowledge, skills, or equipment you need to do something
    • 'armed with'
    • She came to the meeting armed with all the facts and figures to prove us wrong.
    • I went out, armed with my binoculars, to see what I could find in the fields.
  21. to break down
    • 1 if a car or machine breaks down, it stops working:
    • The car broke down just north of Paris.
    • The printing machines are always breaking down.
    • 2 to fail or stop working in a successful way:
    • Negotiations broke down after only two days.
    • I left London when my marriage broke down.
    • 3 'break something ↔ down'
    • if you break down a door, you hit it so hard that it breaks and falls to the ground:
    • Police had to break down the door to get into the flat.
    • 4 'break something ↔ down'
    • to change or remove something that prevents people from working together and having a successful relationship with each other:
    • Getting young people together will help to break down thebarriers between them.
    • It takes a long time to break down prejudices.
    • 5 if a substance breaks down or something breaks it down, it changes as a result of a chemical process
    • 'break something ↔ down'
    • Food is broken down in the stomach.
    • Bacteria are added to help break down the sewage.
    • 6 to be unable to stop yourself crying, especially in public:
    • He broke down and cried.
    • She broke down in tears when she heard the news.
    • 7 'break something ↔ down'
    • to separate something into smaller parts so that it is easier to do or understand:
    • He showed us the whole dance, then broke it down so that we could learn it more easily.
    • The question can be broken down into two parts.
  22. to break in
    • 1 to enter a building by using force, in order to steal something:
    • Thieves broke in and stole £10,000 worth of computer equipment.
    • 2 to interrupt someone when they are speaking
    • 'break in on'
    • I didn't want to break in on his telephone conversation.
    • 'break in with'
    • Dad would occasionally break in with an amusing comment.
    • 3 'break something ↔ in'
    • to make new shoes or boots less stiff and more comfortable by wearing them:
    • I went for a walk to break in my new boots.
    • 4 'break somebody in'
    • to help a person get used to a certain way of behaving or working:
    • She's quite new to the job so we're still breaking her in.
    • 5 'break something ↔ in'
    • to teach a young horse to carry people on its back:
    • We break the horses in when they're about two years old.
  23. to break up
    • 1 if something breaks up, or if you break it up, it breaks into a lot of small pieces:
    • It seems that the plane just broke up in the air.
    • 'break something ↔ up'
    • Use a fork to break up the soil.
    • 2 'break something ↔ up'
    • to separate something into several smaller parts:
    • There are plans to break the company up into several smaller independent companies.
    • You need a few trees and bushes to break up the lawn.
    • 3 'break something ↔ up'
    • to stop a fight:
    • Three policemen were needed to break up the fight.
    • 4 'break something ↔ up'
    • to make people leave a place where they have been meeting or protesting:
    • Government soldiers broke up the demonstration.
    • Police moved in to break up the meeting.
    • 5 if a marriage, group of people, or relationship breaks up, the people in it separate and do not live or work together any more:
    • He lost his job and his marriage broke up.
    • The couple broke up last year.
    • Many bands break up because of personality clashes between the musicians.
    • 'break up with'
    • Has Sam really broken up with Lucy?
    • 6 if a meeting or party breaks up, people start to leave:
    • The party didn't break up until after midnight.
    • The meeting broke up without any agreement.
    • 7 (British English) when a school breaks up, it closes for a holiday:
    • School breaks up next week.
    • 'break up for'
    • When do you break up for Easter?
    • 8 'break somebody up'
    • (American English informal) to make someone laugh by saying or doing something funny:
    • He breaks me up!
  24. burglar
    someone who goes into houses, shops etc to steal things
  25. to burgle
    • to go into a building and steal things
    • We've been burgled three times.
  26. fiction
    • 1 [uncountable] books and stories about imaginary people and events:
    • romantic fiction
    • historical fiction
    • 2 [countable] something that people want you to believe is true but which is not true:
    • preserving the fiction of his happy childhood
  27. to hand over
    • 1 'hand something ↔ over'
    • to give something to someone with your hand, especially because they have asked for it or should have it:
    • The soldiers were ordered to hand over their guns.
    • 'hand something ↔ over to'
    • He handed the phone over to me.
    • 2 to give someone power or responsibility over something which you used to be in charge of
    • 'hand something ↔ over (to somebody)'
    • On his retirement, he handed the business over to his son.
    • Political control has been handed over to religious leaders.
    • 'hand over to'
    • Now she feels the time has come to hand over to someone else.
  28. identification
    • 1 ID official papers or cards, such as your passport, that prove who you are:
    • Do you have any identification?
    • 'form/proof of identification'
    • Bring some form of identification, preferably a passport.
    • fingerprinting as a means of identification.
    • 2 when someone says officially that they know who someone else is, especially a criminal or a dead person:
    • His body was taken to Brighton mortuary for identification.
    • 3 when you recognize something or discover exactly what it is
    • 'identification of'
    • the identification of customer needs
    • the identification of children who need professional help
    • 4 the act of saying that two things are very closely related
    • 'identification of something with something'
    • the identification of sexism with women's oppression
    • 5 a strong feeling of sympathy with someone that makes you able to share their feelings
    • 'identification with'
    • my identification with the heroine of the book
  29. to invade
    • 1 [intransitive and transitive] to enter a country, town, or area using military force, in order to take control of it:
    • The Romans invaded Britain 2000 years ago.
    • 2 [transitive] to go into a place in large numbers, especially when you are not wanted:
    • Every summer the town is invaded by tourists.
    • Fans invaded the pitch at half-time.
    • 3 [transitive] to get involved in something in an unwanted and annoying way:
    • What right does he have to invade my privacy?
    • Patients are given the feeling that they mustn't try to invade medical territory (=try to deal with things that are not their responsibility)
  30. pickpocket
    someone who steals things from people's pockets, especially in a crowd
  31. private
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speak up 21-25
2013-08-22 22:42:47

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