chapter%207[1]

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Author:
tdale
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230948
Filename:
chapter%207[1]
Updated:
2013-08-22 17:17:31
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med terms
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med terms/diseases
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    • author "tdale"
    • tags "diseases"
    • description "chapter 7 diseases"
    • fileName "chapter 7.txt"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • anisocytosis
    • the presence of red blood cells of unequal size (condition of without equal cells)
  1. bacteremia
    the presence of bacteria in a sample of blood (condition of bacteria in the blood)
  2. erythropenia
    abnormally reduced number of red blood cells in a sample of blood
  3. hemolysis
    the rupture of red blood cell membrance
  4. hemorrhage
    the abnormal loss od blood from the circulation is a sign of trauma or illness
  5. lekopenia
    abnormally reduced number of white blood cells in a sample of blood is a sign of disease
  6. macrocytosis
    the presence of abnormally large red blood cells in a sample of blood is a sign of disease
  7. poikilocytosis
    the presence of tear shaped red blood sells ( condition of irregular cell)
  8. polycythemia
    abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood (condition of red cell)
  9. splenomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the spleen is a sympton of injury or infection
  10. thrombopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of platelets in a sample of blood is a symptom of disease
  11. toxemia
    the presence of toxins in the bloodstream ( condition of blood poison)
  12. aids
    • acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    • devasting disease is caused by the human immunodiciency virus (HIV) desrtoying important white blood cells known as helper T cells
  13. allergy
    is the body immune response to allergens. physical contact with the allergen
  14. anaphylaxis
    an immediate reaction to a foreign substance that inculudes rapid inflammation, vasodildtion, bronchospasms, and spasms of the GI tract
  15. anemia
    without blood
  16. anthrax
    a bacterial disease that has been threatned to be used in bioterrorism
  17. autoimmune disease
    a disease that is caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissue 
  18. botulism
    one lethal form of food borne illness
  19. communicable disease
    a diease that capble of transmission from one person to another
  20. diphtheria
    is an infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation of the mucous membrances, primarily in the mouth and throat
  21. dyscrasia
    ia any abnoraml condition of the blood
  22. edema
    the leakage of the fluid from the bloodstream into the interstitial space between body cells causes swelling and is one aspect of inflammation
  23. fungemia
    which is a fungal infection that speads thoughout the body by way od the bloodstream
  24. gas gangrene
    infection of a wond may be caused by various anaerobic bateria causing damage to local tissue
  25. Hematoma
    A mass of blood outside blood vessels and confined within an organ or space within the body
  26. Hemoglobinopathy
    A general term for a disease that affects hemoglobin within red blood cells
  27. Hemophilia
    An inherited bleeding disorder that results from defective or missing blood-clotting proteins that are necessary components in the coagulation process
  28. Hemorrhagic fever
    An infectious disease that causes interal bleeding or interal hemorrhage
  29. Hodgkin's disease
    A malignant form of cancer of lymphatic tissue. Enlargement of lymph nodes, fatigue, and deficiency of the immune respone
  30. Iatrogenic disease
    A condition that is cause by a medical treatment
  31. Idiopathic disease
    A disease that develops without a known or apparent cause
  32. Immunodeficency
    A condition resulting from a defective immune respone
  33. Immunosuppression
    The suppressed status of the immune respone
  34. Incompatibility
    The combination of two blood types that results in the destruction or red blood cells
  35. Infection
    A multiplication of disease-causing microorganisms, or pathogens, in the body
  36. Inflammation
    Physiological process that serves as the bodys inital response to injury and many forms of illness involves the swelling of body tissue
  37. Influenza
    A viral disease characterized by fever and an acute inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes (commonly known as the flu)
  38. Leukemia
    Form of cancer condition of white blood cells
  39. Lymphadenitis
    Inflammation of the lymph nodes
  40. Lymphoma
    A malignant tumor originating in lymphatic tissue
  41. Malaria
    A disease caused by a parasitic protozoan that infects red blood cells and the liver during different parts of its life cycle
  42. Measles
    An acute viral disease that often begains as a fever, followed by the development of a skin rash containing numerous vesicles and often qccompanied by a general inflammation of the respiratory tract
  43. Mononucleosis
    A viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and spleen atypical lymphocytes, throat pain, pharyngitis, fever, and fatigue

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