health and human development unit 3 outcome one flashcards
health is the complete state of physical mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease
dimensions of health
name 3 physical dimensions of health
absence presence and affect of disease
body conditions and muscle tone
weight range for height
functioning of body organs to help resist disease and infection
name 3 social dimensions of health
participating with people through interdependant social relationships
living in a community in a cooperative way
participating with family and friends through interdependant relationships
name 3 dimensions of mental health
how a person thinks and feels about themselves
the ability to cope with everyday emotions
feeling positive about life
having a sense of belonging
expressing appropriate emotions
definition of health status
the overall health of an individual or population, taking into account aspects such as life expectancy, disability, disease risk factors, mortality and morbidity
burden of disease
is used to compare the burden of different diseases and injuries within a given population using DALYs. burden of disease can be used to compare the health status of different population groups (gender, age, countries)
DALY is the sum of healthy life lost due to premature death (YLL) and years of life lost through disability or prolonged illness (YLD)
one DALY is one year of healthy life lost due to premature death or living with disability due to illness or injury. the more DALYs, the greater the disease burden
Does cancer contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
does cardiovascular disease contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
do mental disorders contribute moer to YLLs or YLDs?
do neurological disorders contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
do respiratory diseases contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
do injuries contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
does diabetes contribute more to YLLs or YLDs?
define life expectancy
is an estimate of the number of years that a newborn can expect to live if current death rates remain the same
what is the life expectancy for boys and girls in australia?
79 for boys
83.7 for girls
define health adjusted life expectancy
life expectancy adjusted for time spent in poor health. The equivalent number of years in full health that a newborn can expect to live based on current mortality rates
what is the health adjusted life expectancy for boys and girls in australia?
72.6 for boys
74.3 for girls
define under 5 mortality rate
the number of deaths of children aged under 5 per 1000 live births