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What does it mean when a virus is airborne?
Small droplets are suspended in the air and can remain so
Which viruses would you implement airborne precautions for?
Chickenpox, measles, TB, SARS, and bioterrorism agents (Small pox)
Which mask is used for airborne viruses like TB and SARS?
What are droplets?
Large droplets that contain bacteria/viruses that can travel up to 3 feet
Which viruses would you implement droplet precautions for?
Pertussis, Influenza, Mumps, Epiglottis, Meningococcal Disease, Plague
Which mask is used for droplet precautions?
Surgical mask (w/in 3 ft of pt)
What is contact precautions?
Precautions used to reduce transmission of bacteria/viruses from direct skin to skin contact, or indirect contact with a contaminated item in the environment.
Which bacteria/virus/vectors would you implement contact precautions for?
C. diff, VRE, MRSA, Scabies, Lice
Which is the correct order to dawn PPE?
- 1. Hand hygiene
- 2. Put on gown, wrap around waist
- 3. Put on eyeshield/mask
- 4. Put on gloves to cover gown
Which is the correct order to take off PPE?
- 1. Untie gown at waist
- 2. Remove gloves
- 3. Untie gown at neck
- 4. Take off gown by rolling at shoulders
- 5. Dispose gown
- 6. Remove eyewear
- 7. Remove mask
- 8. Hand hygiene
What is the normal leukocyte (wbc) count?
What is the normal neutrophil percentage? What does it mean if it is abnormal?
- Elevated: acute infections that produce puss, stress response
- Decreased:risk for acute bacterial infections
What is the normal % of Lymphocytes? What does it mean if it is abnormal?
- Increased: Chronic bacterial and viral infection
- Decreased: HIV, sepsis
What is the normal % of monocytes? What does it mean if it is abnormal?
Increased: Severe infections, function as scavenger or phagocyte
What is the normal % of eosinophil? What does it mean if it is abnormal?
Increased: allergic reaction or parasitic infection
What is the normal % of Basophil? What does it mean if it is abnormal?
usually unaffected by infections. A decrease may be indicative of an acute allergic reaction